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Romain S Neugebauer PhD

TitleResearch Scientist II
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northern California
DepartmentDivision of Research
Address2000 Broadway
Oakland CA 94612
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-6085-4564 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Montpellier, Montpellier, FranceDiplôme d’Ingénieur Agronome7/2000Agricultural Sciences
    Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Montpellier, Montpellier, FranceDiplôme d’Etudes Approfondies07/2000Biostatistics
    University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CAPhD05/2004Biostatistics

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Romain S. Neugebauer, PhD, is a research scientist at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. His research focuses on the development, application, and dissemination of statistical methodologies to evaluate treatment effects in randomized experiments and observational studies. His particular interest is in causal methods to evaluate the effects of treatment regimens with complex longitudinal data. Prior to joining the Division of Research, Dr. Neugebauer was a researcher and lecturer in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley where he also received his PhD in biostatistics. A repository of R and SAS software developed as part of his research is available here.

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Aris IM, Sarvet AL, Stensrud MJ, Neugebauer R, Li LJ, Hivert MF, Oken E, Young JG. Separating Algorithms From Questions and Causal Inference With Unmeasured Exposures: An Application to Birth Cohort Studies of Early Body Mass Index Rebound. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 07 01; 190(7):1414-1423. PMID: 33565574; PMCID: PMC8245877.
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    2. Lieu TA, Herrinton LJ, Needham T, Ford M, Liu L, Lyons D, Macapinlac J, Neugebauer R, Ng D, Prausnitz S, Robertson W, Schultz K, Stewart K, Van Den Eeden SK, Baer DM. A prognostic information system for real-time personalized care: Lessons for embedded researchers. Healthc (Amst). 2021 Jun; 8 Suppl 1:100486. PMID: 34175099.
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    3. Silverberg MJ, Leyden W, Hernández-Ramírez RU, Qin L, Lin H, Justice AC, Hessol NA, Achenbach CJ, D'Souza G, Engels EA, Althoff KN, Mayor AM, Sterling TR, Kitahata MM, Bosch RJ, Saag MS, Rabkin CS, Horberg MA, Gill MJ, Grover S, Mathews WC, Li J, Crane HM, Gange SJ, Lau B, Moore RD, Dubrow R, Neugebauer RS. Timing of Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation and Risk of Cancer Among Persons Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 06 01; 72(11):1900-1909. PMID: 32785640; PMCID: PMC8315132.
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    4. Thomas TW, Dyer WT, Yassin M, Neugebauer R, Karter AJ, Schmittdiel JA. Is Shelter-in-Place Policy Related to Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Racial/Ethnic Disparities for Patients With Diabetes? Diabetes Care. 2021 Apr 13. PMID: 33849937; PMCID: PMC8247521.
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    5. Gong C, Dyer W, Yassin M, Neugebauer R, Karter AJ, Schmittdiel JA. The effect of mail order pharmacy outreach on older patients with diabetes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021 Jul; 69(7):2028-2030. PMID: 33769551; PMCID: PMC8273092.
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    6. Ehrlich SF, Ferrara A, Hedderson MM, Feng J, Neugebauer R. Exercise During the First Trimester of Pregnancy and the Risks of Abnormal Screening and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2021 02; 44(2):425-432. PMID: 33355301; PMCID: PMC7818322.
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    7. Lo JC, Neugebauer RS, Ettinger B, Chandra M, Hui RL, Ott SM, Grimsrud CD, Izano MA. Risk of complete atypical femur fracture with Oral bisphosphonate exposure beyond three years. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020 Dec 03; 21(1):801. PMID: 33272248; PMCID: PMC7713036.
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    8. Izano MA, Lo JC, Adams AL, Ettinger B, Ott SM, Chandra M, Hui RL, Niu F, Li BH, Neugebauer RS. Bisphosphonate Treatment Beyond 5 Years and Hip Fracture Risk in Older Women. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 12 01; 3(12):e2025190. PMID: 33284336.
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    9. Badon SE, Dublin S, Nance N, Hedderson MM, Neugebauer R, Easterling T, Cheetham TC, Chen L, Holt VL, Avalos LA. Gestational weight gain and adverse pregnancy outcomes by pre-pregnancy BMI category in women with chronic hypertension: A cohort study. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2021 Mar; 23:27-33. PMID: 33181475; PMCID: PMC7904620.
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    10. Reed M, Huang J, Brand R, Graetz I, Jaffe MG, Ballard D, Neugebauer R, Fireman B, Hsu J. Inpatient-outpatient shared electronic health records: telemedicine and laboratory follow-up after hospital discharge. Am J Manag Care. 2020 10 01; 26(10):e327-e332. PMID: 33094945.
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    11. Ramachandran B, Trinacty CM, Wharam JF, Duru OK, Dyer WT, Neugebauer RS, Karter AJ, Brown SD, Marshall CJ, Wiley D, Ross-Degnan D, Schmittdiel JA. A Randomized Encouragement Trial to Increase Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Medication Adherence in Patients with Diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 01; 36(1):154-161. PMID: 33001334; PMCID: PMC7858994.
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    12. Hernández-Ramírez RU, Qin L, Lin H, Leyden W, Neugebauer RS, Althoff KN, Hessol NA, Achenbach CJ, Brooks JT, Gill MJ, Grover S, Horberg MA, Li J, Mathews WC, Mayor AM, Patel P, Rabkin CS, Rachlis A, Justice AC, Moore RD, Engels EA, Silverberg MJ, Dubrow R, North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design of the International Epidemiologic D. Association of Immunosuppression and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Viremia With Anal Cancer Risk in Persons Living With HIV in the United States and Canada. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 03 03; 70(6):1176-1185. PMID: 31044245; PMCID: PMC7319056.
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    13. Ehrlich SF, Neugebauer RS, Feng J, Hedderson MM, Ferrara A. Exercise During the First Trimester and Infant Size at Birth: Targeted Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Causal Risk Difference. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 02 28; 189(2):133-145. PMID: 31577030; PMCID: PMC7156138.
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    14. Izano MA, Lo JC, Ettinger B, Ott SM, Li BH, Niu F, Hui RL, Neugebauer R, Adams AL. Determinants of Oral Bisphosphonate Use Beyond 5 Years. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2020 Feb; 26(2):197-202. PMID: 32011964; PMCID: PMC7808314.
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    15. Neugebauer R, Schroeder EB, Reynolds K, Schmittdiel JA, Loes L, Dyer W, Desai JR, Vazquez-Benitez G, Ho PM, Anderson JP, Pimentel N, O'Connor PJ. Comparison of Mortality and Major Cardiovascular Events Among Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Using Human vs Analogue Insulins. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 01 03; 3(1):e1918554. PMID: 31977057; PMCID: PMC6991251.
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    16. Chen L, Shortreed SM, Easterling T, Cheetham TC, Reynolds K, Avalos LA, Kamineni A, Holt V, Neugebauer R, Akosile M, Nance N, Bider-Canfield Z, Walker RL, Badon SE, Dublin S. Identifying hypertension in pregnancy using electronic medical records: The importance of blood pressure values. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2020 Jan; 19:112-118. PMID: 31954339; PMCID: PMC7096129.
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    17. Reed ME, Huang J, Brand RJ, Neugebauer R, Graetz I, Hsu J, Ballard DW, Grant R. Patients with complex chronic conditions: Health care use and clinical events associated with access to a patient portal. PLoS One. 2019; 14(6):e0217636. PMID: 31216295; PMCID: PMC6583978.
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    18. Izano MA, Neugebauer R, Ettinger B, Hui R, Chandra M, Adams AL, Niu F, Ott SM, Lo JC. Using Pharmacy Data and Adherence to Define Long-Term Bisphosphonate Exposure in Women. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2019 Jun; 25(6):719-723. PMID: 31134854; PMCID: PMC7831658.
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    19. Sofrygin O, Zhu Z, Schmittdiel JA, Adams AS, Grant RW, van der Laan MJ, Neugebauer R. Targeted learning with daily EHR data. Stat Med. 2019 Apr 25. PMID: 31025411.
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    20. Lieu TA, Herrinton LJ, Buzkov DE, Liu L, Lyons D, Neugebauer R, Needham T, Ng D, Prausnitz S, Stewart K, Van Den Eeden SK, Baer DM. Developing a Prognostic Information System for Personalized Care in Real Time. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2019 Mar 25; 7(1):2. PMID: 30937324.
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    21. Hernández-Ramírez RU, Qin L, Lin H, Leyden W, Neugebauer RS, Althoff KN, Achenbach CJ, Hessol NA, D'Souza G, Gebo KA, Gill MJ, Grover S, Horberg MA, Li J, Mathews WC, Mayor AM, Park LS, Rabkin CS, Salters K, Justice AC, Moore RD, Engels EA, Silverberg MJ, Dubrow R. Association of immunosuppression and HIV viraemia with non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk overall and by subtype in people living with HIV in Canada and the USA: a multicentre cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2019 Apr; 6(4):e240-e249. PMID: 30826282.
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    22. Neugebauer R, Su KA, Zhu Z, Sokil M, Chren MM, Friedman GD, Asgari MM. Comparative effectiveness of treatment of actinic keratosis with topical fluorouracil and imiquimod in the prevention of keratinocyte carcinoma: A cohort study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2019 Apr; 80(4):998-1005. PMID: 30458208.
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    23. Adams AS, Schmittdiel JA, Altschuler A, Bayliss EA, Neugebauer R, Ma L, Dyer W, Clark J, Cook B, Willyoung D, Jaffe M, Young JD, Kim E, Boggs JM, Prosser LA, Wittenberg E, Callaghan B, Shainline M, Hippler RM, Grant RW. Automated symptom and treatment side effect monitoring for improved quality of life among adults with diabetic peripheral neuropathy in primary care: a pragmatic, cluster, randomized, controlled trial. Diabet Med. 2019 01; 36(1):52-61. PMID: 30343489.
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    24. Yanik EL, Hernández-Ramírez RU, Qin L, Lin H, Leyden W, Neugebauer RS, Horberg MA, Moore RD, Mathews WC, Justice AC, Hessol NA, Mayor AM, Gill MJ, Brooks JT, Sun J, Althoff KN, Engels EA, Silverberg MJ, Dubrow R. Brief Report: Cutaneous Melanoma Risk Among People With HIV in the United States and Canada. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Aug 15; 78(5):499-504. PMID: 29771785.
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    25. Neugebauer R, Levandoski KA, Zhu Z, Sokil M, Chren MM, Friedman GD, Asgari MM. A real-world, community-based cohort study comparing the effectiveness of topical fluorouracil versus topical imiquimod for the treatment of actinic keratosis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 04; 78(4):710-716. PMID: 29277731.
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    26. Sofrygin O, van der Laan MJ, Neugebauer R. simcausal R Package: Conducting Transparent and Reproducible Simulation Studies of Causal Effect Estimation with Complex Longitudinal Data. J Stat Softw. 2017; 81. PMID: 29104515.
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    27. Dubrow R, Qin L, Lin H, Hernández-Ramírez RU, Neugebauer RS, Leyden W, Althoff KN, Achenbach CJ, Hessol NA, Modur SP, D'Souza G, Bosch RJ, Grover S, Horberg MA, Kitahata MM, Mayor AM, Novak RM, Rabkin CS, Sterling TR, Goedert JJ, Justice AC, Engels EA, Moore RD, Silverberg MJ. Association of CD4+ T-cell Count, HIV-1 RNA Viral Load, and Antiretroviral Therapy With Kaposi Sarcoma Risk Among HIV-infected Persons in the United States and Canada. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 08 01; 75(4):382-390. PMID: 28394855.
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    28. Littell RD, Tucker LY, Raine-Bennett T, Palen TE, Zaritsky E, Neugebauer R, Embry-Schubert J, Lentz SE. Adjuvant gemcitabine-docetaxel chemotherapy for stage I uterine leiomyosarcoma: Trends and survival outcomes. Gynecol Oncol. 2017 10; 147(1):11-17. PMID: 28747255.
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    29. Zaritsky E, Tucker LY, Neugebauer R, Chou T, Flanagan T, Walter AJ, Raine-Bennett T. Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy and Power Morcellation Trends in a West Coast Integrated Health System. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 06; 129(6):996-1005. PMID: 28486359.
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    30. Storer M, Zhu Z, Sokil M, Ford M, Neugebauer R, Asgari MM. Community-Based Practice Variations in Topical Treatment of Actinic Keratoses. JAMA Dermatol. 2017 05 01; 153(5):468-470. PMID: 28384712.
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    31. Schmittdiel JA, Adams SR, Goler N, Sanna RS, Boccio M, Bellamy DJ, Brown SD, Neugebauer RS, Ferrara A. The impact of telephonic wellness coaching on weight loss: A "Natural Experiments for Translation in Diabetes (NEXT-D)" study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2017 02; 25(2):352-356. PMID: 28124501.
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    32. Neugebauer R, Schmittdiel JA, Adams AS, Grant RW, van der Laan MJ. Identification of the joint effect of a dynamic treatment intervention and a stochastic monitoring intervention under the no direct effect assumption. J Causal Inference. 2017 03; 5(1). PMID: 29238650.
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    33. Boccio M, Sanna RS, Adams SR, Goler NC, Brown SD, Neugebauer RS, Ferrara A, Wiley DM, Bellamy DJ, Schmittdiel JA. Telephone-Based Coaching. Am J Health Promot. 2017 03; 31(2):136-142. PMID: 26559720.
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    34. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Meyerhardt JA, Prado CM, Bradshaw PT, Dannenberg AJ, Kwan ML, Xiao J, Quesenberry C, Weltzien EK, Castillo AL, Caan BJ. Metabolic Dysfunction, Obesity, and Survival Among Patients With Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Oct 20; 34(30):3664-3671. PMID: 27601537.
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    35. Kroenke CH, Neugebauer R, Meyerhardt J, Prado CM, Weltzien E, Kwan ML, Xiao J, Caan BJ. Analysis of Body Mass Index and Mortality in Patients With Colorectal Cancer Using Causal Diagrams. JAMA Oncol. 2016 Sep 01; 2(9):1137-45. PMID: 27196302.
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    36. Lo JC, Kim S, Chandra M, Ettinger B. Applying ethnic-specific bone mineral density T-scores to Chinese women in the USA. Osteoporos Int. 2016 12; 27(12):3477-3484. PMID: 27468900.
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    37. Wu AC, Li L, Fung V, Kharbanda EO, Larkin EK, Butler MG, Galbraith A, Miroshnik I, Davis RL, Horan K, Lieu TA. Mismatching Among Guidelines, Providers, and Parents on Controller Medication Use in Children with Asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016 Sep-Oct; 4(5):910-6. PMID: 27212379.
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    38. Raebel MA, Shetterly S, Lu CY, Flory J, Gagne JJ, Harrell FE, Haynes K, Herrinton LJ, Patorno E, Popovic J, Selvan M, Shoaibi A, Wang X, Roy J. Methods for using clinical laboratory test results as baseline confounders in multi-site observational database studies when missing data are expected. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016 07; 25(7):798-814. PMID: 27146273.
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    39. Sallis RE, Matuszak JM, Baggish AL, Franklin BA, Chodzko-Zajko W, Fletcher BJ, Gregory A, Joy E, Matheson G, McBride P, Puffer JC, Trilk J, Williams J. Call to Action on Making Physical Activity Assessment and Prescription a Medical Standard of Care. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2016 May-Jun; 15(3):207-14. PMID: 27172086.
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    40. Neugebauer R, Schmittdiel JA, van der Laan MJ. A Case Study of the Impact of Data-Adaptive Versus Model-Based Estimation of the Propensity Scores on Causal Inferences from Three Inverse Probability Weighting Estimators. Int J Biostat. 2016 05 01; 12(1):131-55. PMID: 27227720.
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    41. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Freudenheim JL, Hou L, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene JK, Hébert JR. Association between dietary inflammatory potential and breast cancer incidence and death: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Br J Cancer. 2016 05 24; 114(11):1277-85. PMID: 27100730.
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    42. Marcus JL, Neugebauer RS, Leyden WA, Chao CR, Xu L, Quesenberry CP, Klein DB, Towner WJ, Horberg MA, Silverberg MJ. Use of Abacavir and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among HIV-Infected Individuals. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Apr 01; 71(4):413-9. PMID: 26536316.
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    43. Adams AS, Bayliss EA, Schmittdiel JA, Altschuler A, Dyer W, Neugebauer R, Jaffe M, Young JD, Kim E, Grant RW. The Diabetes Telephone Study: Design and challenges of a pragmatic cluster randomized trial to improve diabetic peripheral neuropathy treatment. Clin Trials. 2016 06; 13(3):286-93. PMID: 27034455.
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    44. Lo JC, Hui RL, Grimsrud CD, Chandra M, Neugebauer RS, Gonzalez JR, Budayr A, Lau G, Ettinger B. The association of race/ethnicity and risk of atypical femur fracture among older women receiving oral bisphosphonate therapy. Bone. 2016 Apr; 85:142-7. PMID: 26769007.
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    45. Raine-Bennett T, Tucker LY, Zaritsky E, Littell RD, Palen T, Neugebauer R, Axtell A, Schultze PM, Kronbach DW, Embry-Schubert J, Sundang A, Bischoff K, Compton-Phillips AL, Lentz SE. Occult Uterine Sarcoma and Leiomyosarcoma: Incidence of and Survival Associated With Morcellation. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jan; 127(1):29-39. PMID: 26646120.
      Citations:    
    46. Xiao H, Adams SR, Goler N, Sanna RS, Boccio M, Bellamy DJ, Brown SD, Neugebauer RS, Ferrara A, Schmittdiel JA. Wellness Coaching for People With Prediabetes: A Randomized Encouragement Trial to Evaluate Outreach Methods at Kaiser Permanente, Northern California, 2013. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Nov 25; 12:E207. PMID: 26605707.
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    47. Mertens JR, Chi FW, Weisner CM, Satre DD, Ross TB, Allen S, Pating D, Campbell CI, Lu YW, Sterling SA. Physician versus non-physician delivery of alcohol screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment in adult primary care: the ADVISe cluster randomized controlled implementation trial. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2015 Nov 19; 10:26. PMID: 26585638.
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    48. Adams SR, Wiley DM, Fargeix A, George V, Neugebauer RS, Schmittdiel JA. Employer-Based Screening for Diabetes and Prediabetes in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System: A Natural Experiment for Translation in Diabetes (NEXT-D) Study. J Occup Environ Med. 2015 Nov; 57(11):1147-53. PMID: 26539761.
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    49. Nguyen HQ, Bailey A, Coleman KJ, Desai S, Fan VS, Gould MK, Maddock L, Miller K, Towner W, Xiang AH, Moy ML. Patient-centered physical activity coaching in COPD (Walk On!): A study protocol for a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Contemp Clin Trials. 2016 Jan; 46:18-29. PMID: 26597414.
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    50. Illingworth JL, Watson P, Xu S, Manford M, Ring H. A method for identifying associations between seizures and possible trigger events in adults with intellectual disability. Epilepsia. 2015 Nov; 56(11):1812-8. PMID: 26385590.
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    51. Desai JR, Vazquez-Benitez G, Xu Z, Schroeder EB, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Nichols GA, Reynolds K, Xu S, Newton K, Pathak RD, Waitzfelder B, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Kirchner HL, Thomas A, O'Connor PJ. Who Must We Target Now to Minimize Future Cardiovascular Events and Total Mortality?: Lessons From the Surveillance, Prevention and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) Cohort Study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015 Sep; 8(5):508-16. PMID: 26307132.
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    52. Lyles CR, Seligman HK, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Piette JD, Karter AJ. Financial Strain and Medication Adherence among Diabetes Patients in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2016 Apr; 51(2):610-24. PMID: 26256117.
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    53. Ackermann RT, Kenrik Duru O, Albu JB, Schmittdiel JA, Soumerai SB, Wharam JF, Ali MK, Mangione CM, Gregg EW. Evaluating diabetes health policies using natural experiments: the natural experiments for translation in diabetes study. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jun; 48(6):747-54. PMID: 25998925.
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    54. Duru OK, Turk N, Ettner SL, Neugebauer R, Moin T, Li J, Kimbro L, Chan C, Luchs RH, Keckhafer AM, Kirvan A, Ho S, Mangione CM. Adherence to Metformin, Statins, and ACE/ARBs Within the Diabetes Health Plan (DHP). J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Nov; 30(11):1645-50. PMID: 25944019.
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    55. Palakodeti S, Uratsu CS, Schmittdiel JA, Grant RW. Changes in physical activity among adults with diabetes: a longitudinal cohort study of inactive patients with Type 2 diabetes who become physically active. Diabet Med. 2015 Aug; 32(8):1051-7. PMID: 25764298.
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    56. Neugebauer R, Schmittdiel JA, Zhu Z, Rassen JA, Seeger JD, Schneeweiss S. High-dimensional propensity score algorithm in comparative effectiveness research with time-varying interventions. Stat Med. 2015 Feb 28; 34(5):753-81. PMID: 25488047.
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    57. Laraia BA, Blanchard SD, Karter AJ, Jones-Smith JC, Warton M, Kersten E, Jerrett M, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Kelly M. Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Int J Health Geogr. 2014 Dec 04; 13:48. PMID: 25471753.
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    58. Sallis R, Franklin B, Joy L, Ross R, Sabgir D, Stone J. Strategies for promoting physical activity in clinical practice. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2015 Jan-Feb; 57(4):375-86. PMID: 25459975.
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    59. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Duru OK, Schillinger D, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Adams AS, Chan J, Herman WH, Schmittdiel JA. Impact of a pharmacy benefit change on new use of mail order pharmacy among diabetes patients: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2015 Apr; 50(2):537-59. PMID: 25131156.
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    60. Hedderson M, Ferrara A. A call to increase physical activity among women of reproductive age: is it possible? JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jul; 174(7):1056-7. PMID: 24841171.
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    61. Lo JC, Zheng P, Grimsrud CD, Chandra M, Ettinger B, Budayr A, Lau G, Baur MM, Hui RL, Neugebauer R. Racial/ethnic differences in hip and diaphyseal femur fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2014 Sep; 25(9):2313-8. PMID: 24964891.
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    62. Neugebauer R, Schmittdiel JA, van der Laan MJ. Targeted learning in real-world comparative effectiveness research with time-varying interventions. Stat Med. 2014 Jun 30; 33(14):2480-520. PMID: 24535915.
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    63. Li L, Vollmer WM, Butler MG, Wu P, Kharbanda EO, Wu AC. A comparison of confounding adjustment methods for assessment of asthma controller medication effectiveness. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Mar 01; 179(5):648-59. PMID: 24464909.
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    64. Exalto LG, Biessels GJ, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Quesenberry CP, Whitmer RA. Severe diabetic retinal disease and dementia risk in type 2 diabetes. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014; 42 Suppl 3:S109-17. PMID: 24625797.
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    65. Moffet HH, Warton EM, Parker MM, Liu JY, Lyles CR, Karter AJ. The DISTANCE model for collaborative research: distributing analytic effort using scrambled data sets. Inf Secur Comput Fraud. 2014; 2(3):33-38. PMID: 25584364.
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    66. Grant RW, Schmittdiel JA, Neugebauer RS, Uratsu CS, Sternfeld B. Exercise as a vital sign: a quasi-experimental analysis of a health system intervention to collect patient-reported exercise levels. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Feb; 29(2):341-8. PMID: 24309950.
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    67. Adams SR, Goler NC, Sanna RS, Boccio M, Bellamy DJ, Brown SD, Neugebauer RS, Ferrara A, Wiley DM, Schmittdiel JA. Patient satisfaction and perceived success with a telephonic health coaching program: the Natural Experiments for Translation in Diabetes (NEXT-D) Study, Northern California, 2011. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Oct 31; 10:E179. PMID: 24176083.
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    68. Reed M, Huang J, Brand R, Graetz I, Neugebauer R, Fireman B, Jaffe M, Ballard DW, Hsu J. Implementation of an outpatient electronic health record and emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and office visits among patients with diabetes. JAMA. 2013 Sep 11; 310(10):1060-5. PMID: 24026601.
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    69. Neugebauer R, Fireman B, Roy JA, Raebel MA, Nichols GA, O'Connor PJ. Super learning to hedge against incorrect inference from arbitrary parametric assumptions in marginal structural modeling. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 66(8 Suppl):S99-109. PMID: 23849160.
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    70. Neugebauer R, Fireman B, Roy JA, O'Connor PJ. Impact of specific glucose-control strategies on microvascular and macrovascular outcomes in 58,000 adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3510-6. PMID: 23877990.
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    71. Oh SR, Tung JD, Priel A, Levi L, Granet DB, Korn BS, Kikkawa DO. Reduction of orbital inflammation following decompression for thyroid-related orbitopathy. Biomed Res Int. 2013; 2013:794984. PMID: 23853771.
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    72. Chi FW, Sterling S, Campbell CI, Weisner C. 12-step participation and outcomes over 7 years among adolescent substance use patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity. Subst Abus. 2013; 34(1):33-42. PMID: 23327502.
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    73. Schmittdiel JA, Brown SD, Neugebauer R, Adams SR, Adams AS, Wiley D, Ferrara A. Health-plan and employer-based wellness programs to reduce diabetes risk: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California NEXT-D Study. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013; 10:E15. PMID: 23369768.
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    75. Neugebauer R, Fireman B, Roy JA, O'Connor PJ, Selby JV. Dynamic marginal structural modeling to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of more or less aggressive treatment intensification strategies in adults with type 2 diabetes. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 May; 21 Suppl 2:99-113. PMID: 22552985.
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    77. Katon W, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Whitmer RA. Association of depression with increased risk of dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes and Aging Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 69(4):410-7. PMID: 22147809.
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    78. Asgari MM, Warton EM, Neugebauer R, Chren MM. Predictors of patient satisfaction with Mohs surgery: analysis of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors in a prospective cohort. Arch Dermatol. 2011 Dec; 147(12):1387-94. PMID: 22184760.
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    79. Silverberg MJ, Chao C, Leyden WA, Xu L, Horberg MA, Klein D, Towner WJ, Dubrow R, Quesenberry CP, Neugebauer RS, Abrams DI. HIV infection, immunodeficiency, viral replication, and the risk of cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2011 Dec; 20(12):2551-9. PMID: 22109347.
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    82. Moore KL, Neugebauer R, Valappil T, Laan MJ. Robust extraction of covariate information to improve estimation efficiency in randomized trials. Stat Med. 2011 Aug 30; 30(19):2389-408. PMID: 21751231.
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    83. Moore K, Neugebauer R, Lurmann F, Hall J, Brajer V, Alcorn S, Tager I. Ambient ozone concentrations and cardiac mortality in Southern California 1983-2000: application of a new marginal structural model approach. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jun 01; 171(11):1233-43. PMID: 20439309.
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    86. Mortimer K, Neugebauer R, Lurmann F, Alcorn S, Balmes J, Tager I. Early-lifetime exposure to air pollution and allergic sensitization in children with asthma. J Asthma. 2008 Dec; 45(10):874-81. PMID: 19085576.
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    87. Insel BJ, Schaefer CA, McKeague IW, Susser ES, Brown AS. Maternal iron deficiency and the risk of schizophrenia in offspring. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Oct; 65(10):1136-44. PMID: 18838630.
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    88. Moore K, Neugebauer R, Lurmann F, Hall J, Brajer V, Alcorn S, Tager I. Ambient ozone concentrations cause increased hospitalizations for asthma in children: an 18-year study in Southern California. Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Aug; 116(8):1063-70. PMID: 18709165.
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    89. Mortimer K, Neugebauer R, Lurmann F, Alcorn S, Balmes J, Tager I. Air pollution and pulmonary function in asthmatic children: effects of prenatal and lifetime exposures. Epidemiology. 2008 Jul; 19(4):550-7; discussion 561-2. PMID: 18520616.
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    90. Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Ahmed AT, Laraia B, Selby JV, Neugebauer R, Liu JY, Parker MM, Warton M, Karter AJ. Cohort Profile: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE)--objectives and design of a survey follow-up study of social health disparities in a managed care population. Int J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb; 38(1):38-47. PMID: 18326513.
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    95. Neugebauer R, van der Laan MJ, Joffe MM, Tager IB. Causal inference in longitudinal studies with history-restricted marginal structural models. Electron J Stat. 2007 Jan 01; 1:119-154. PMID: 23087778.
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    96. Sinisi SE, Neugebauer R, van der Laan MJ. Cross-validated bagged prediction of survival. Stat Appl Genet Mol Biol. 2006; 5:Article12. PMID: 16676466.
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    97. Rush SM. Bone graft substitutes: osteobiologics. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2005 Oct; 22(4):619-30, viii. PMID: 16213384.
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    98. Haight T, Tager I, Sternfeld B, Satariano W, van der Laan M. Effects of body composition and leisure-time physical activity on transitions in physical functioning in the elderly. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Oct 01; 162(7):607-17. PMID: 16120711.
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    99. Klinger HM, Baums MH, Eckert M, Neugebauer R. [A comparative study of unstable per- and intertrochanteric femoral fractures treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS) and trochanteric butt-press plate vs. proximal femoral nail (PFN)]. Zentralbl Chir. 2005 Aug; 130(4):301-6. PMID: 16103953.
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    100. Mortimer KM, Neugebauer R, van der Laan M, Tager IB. An application of model-fitting procedures for marginal structural models. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Aug 15; 162(4):382-8. PMID: 16014771.
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    101. Green CA. Fostering Recovery from Life-Transforming Mental Health Disorders: A Synthesis and Model. Soc Theory Health. 2004 Nov 01; 2(4):293-314. PMID: 23264751.
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    102. Nothofer W, Thonke N, Neugebauer R. [Therapy of unstable sacrum fractures in pelvic ring fractures with dorsal sacrum distraction osteosynthesis]. Unfallchirurg. 2004 Feb; 107(2):118-27. PMID: 14999378.
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    103. Susser ES, Schaefer CA, Brown AS, Begg MD, Wyatt RJ. The design of the prenatal determinants of schizophrenia study. Schizophr Bull. 2000; 26(2):257-73. PMID: 10885629.
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    104. Schaefer CA, Brown AS, Wyatt RJ, Kline J, Begg MD, Bresnahan MA, Susser ES. Maternal prepregnant body mass and risk of schizophrenia in adult offspring. Schizophr Bull. 2000; 26(2):275-86. PMID: 10885630.
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    105. Krieger N, Okamoto A, Selby JV. Adult female twins' recall of childhood social class and father's education: a validation study for public health research. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Apr 01; 147(7):704-8. PMID: 9554610.
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    106. Thonke N, Klinger HM, Nothofer W, Neugebauer R. [Early functional after-care of surgically treated fresh ruptures of the Achilles tendon]. Zentralbl Chir. 1994; 119(8):545-8. PMID: 7975943.
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    107. Neugebauer R, Johnson J. Does HIV testing raise levels of suicidal ideation? JAMA. 1990 Jul 18; 264(3):337-8. PMID: 2362328.
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    108. Neugebauer R. Reliability of seizure diaries in adult epileptic patients. Neuroepidemiology. 1989; 8(5):228-33. PMID: 2812181.
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