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KP Region

Lisa A Croen PhD

TitleResearch Scientist III
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northern California
DepartmentDivision of Research
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-7849-9428 Additional info
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    Other Positions
    TitleDirector, KP Austism Research Program
    InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northern California
    DepartmentDivision of Research


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CAB.A.06/1982Environmental Science
    University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CAMPH05/1986Epidemiology/Biostatistics
    University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CAPhD05/1992Epidemiology
    Collapse awards and honors
    1984 - 1986Public Health Service Federal Traineeship, University of California, Berkeley

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Lisa Croen, PhD, is a senior research scientist at the Division of Research (DOR), Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), and the director of the Kaiser Permanente Autism Research Program. Her research interests include the epidemiology of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, environmental exposures and gene/environment interaction, and adverse perinatal outcomes. Currently, Dr. Croen is the principal investigator of the NIH-funded Early Markers for Autism study (EMA), and site principal investigator on two large federally funded autism studies: the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED) and the Early Autism Risk Longitudinal Investigation (EARLI). She is also co-investigator on the California Autism Twins Study (CATS). In collaboration with clinical colleagues, she is conducting a mixed methods study to evaluate autism treatments at KPNC, and investigating health status and healthcare utilization of adults with autism. Dr. Croen received her master's degree in public health and her doctorate in epidemiology, both from the University of California, Berkeley.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R01MH072565     (CROEN, LISA A)Apr 1, 2004 - Sep 30, 2008
    NIH/NIMH
    Prenatal and Neonatal Biologic Markers for Autism
    Role: Principal Investigator

    U10DD000181     (CROEN, LISA A)Sep 30, 2006 - Jun 29, 2012
    CDC/NCBDD
    National CADDRE Study: Child Development and Autism
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01ES019003     (CROEN, LISA A)Sep 25, 2009 - Jun 30, 2012
    NIH/NIEHS
    Prenatal Exposure to Polyfluoroalkyl Compounds in the EMA Study
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01ES016669     (CROEN, LISA A)Sep 27, 2010 - Jun 30, 2015
    NIH/NIEHS
    Prenatal and Neonatal Biologic Markers for Autism
    Role: Principal Investigator

    U01DD000748     (CROEN, LISA A)Jul 1, 2011 - Jun 30, 2016
    CDC/NCBDD
    California CADDRE-SEED Phase II
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HD087915     (CROEN, LISA A)Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2020
    NIH/NICHD
    Prenatal SSRI Exposure, Maternal and Child Genotype, and Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Role: Principal Investigator

    UG3OD023289     (FERRARA, ASSIAMIRA)Sep 21, 2016 - Aug 31, 2018
    NIH
    Early Life Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and Child Growth, Adiposity, and Neurodevelopment
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01HD095128     (CROEN, LISA A)Jul 15, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    NIH/NICHD
    Maternal inflammation during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Sabourin KR, Reynolds A, Schendel D, Rosenberg S, Croen LA, Pinto-Martin JA, Schieve LA, Newschaffer C, Lee LC, DiGuiseppi C. Infections in children with autism spectrum disorder: Study to Explore Early Development (SEED). Autism Res. 2018 Nov 26. PMID: 30475448.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Rubenstein E, Young JC, Croen LA, DiGuiseppi C, Dowling NF, Lee LC, Schieve L, Wiggins LD, Daniels J. Correction to: Brief Report: Maternal Opioid Prescription from Preconception Through Pregnancy and the Odds of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Autism Features in Children. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Sep 20. PMID: 30238179.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Park BY, Misra DP, Moye J, Miller RK, Croen L, Fallin MD, Walker C, Newschaffer CJ, Salafia CM. Placental gross shape differences in a high autism risk cohort and the general population. PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0191276. PMID: 30133439.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Traglia M, Croen LA, Jones KL, Heuer LS, Yolken R, Kharrazi M, DeLorenze GN, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Weiss LA. Cross-genetic determination of maternal and neonatal immune mediators during pregnancy. Genome Med. 2018 08 22; 10(1):67. PMID: 30134952.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rubenstein E, Young JC, Croen LA, DiGuiseppi C, Dowling NF, Lee LC, Schieve L, Wiggins LD, Daniels J. Brief Report: Maternal Opioid Prescription from Preconception Through Pregnancy and the Odds of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Autism Features in Children. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Aug 21. PMID: 30132098.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Croen LA, Qian Y, Ashwood P, Daniels JL, Fallin D, Schendel D, Schieve LA, Singer AB, Zerbo O. Family history of immune conditions and autism spectrum and developmental disorders: Findings from the study to explore early development. Autism Res. 2018 Aug 10. PMID: 30095240.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Sweeten TL, Croen LA, Windham GC, Odell JD, Stubbs EG, Torres AR. Brief Report: Low Rates of Herpesvirus Detection in Blood of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Controls. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Jul 25. PMID: 30047098.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Schieve LA, Tian L, Dowling N, Croen L, Hoover-Fong J, Alexander A, Shapira SK. Associations Between the 2nd to 4th Digit Ratio and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Population-Based Samples of Boys and Girls: Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Jul; 48(7):2379-2395. PMID: 29450837.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Andrews SV, Sheppard B, Windham GC, Schieve LA, Schendel DE, Croen LA, Chopra P, Alisch RS, Newschaffer CJ, Warren ST, Feinberg AP, Fallin MD, Ladd-Acosta C. Case-control meta-analysis of blood DNA methylation and autism spectrum disorder. Mol Autism. 2018; 9:40. PMID: 29988321.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Becerra-Culqui TA, Lynch FL, Owen-Smith AA, Spitzer J, Croen LA. Parental First Concerns and Timing of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 May 12. PMID: 29754290.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Davignon MN, Qian Y, Massolo M, Croen LA. Psychiatric and Medical Conditions in Transition-Aged Individuals With ASD. Pediatrics. 2018 Apr; 141(Suppl 4):S335-S345. PMID: 29610415.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Dou J, Schmidt RJ, Benke KS, Newschaffer C, Hertz-Picciotto I, Croen LA, Iosif AM, LaSalle JM, Fallin MD, Bakulski KM. Cord blood buffy coat DNA methylation is comparable to whole cord blood methylation. Epigenetics. 2018; 13(1):108-116. PMID: 29451060.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Lyall K, Yau VM, Hansen R, Kharrazi M, Yoshida CK, Calafat AM, Windham G, Croen LA. Prenatal Maternal Serum Concentrations of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Association with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. Environ Health Perspect. 2018 01 02; 126(1):017001. PMID: 29298162.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Chang JM, Zeng H, Han R, Chang YM, Shah R, Salafia CM, Newschaffer C, Miller RK, Katzman P, Moye J, Fallin M, Walker CK, Croen L. Autism risk classification using placental chorionic surface vascular network features. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017 Dec 06; 17(1):162. PMID: 29212472.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Schieve LA, Drews-Botsch C, Harris S, Newschaffer C, Daniels J, DiGuiseppi C, Croen LA, Windham GC. Maternal and Paternal Infertility Disorders and Treatments and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 Dec; 47(12):3994-4005. PMID: 28900768.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Schieve LA, Tian LH, Drews-Botsch C, Windham GC, Newschaffer C, Daniels JL, Lee LC, Croen LA, Danielle Fallin M. Autism spectrum disorder and birth spacing: Findings from the study to explore early development (SEED). Autism Res. 2018 Jan; 11(1):81-94. PMID: 29164825.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Croen LA, Shankute N, Davignon M, Massolo ML, Yoshida C. Demographic and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Engagement in Behavioral Health Treatment Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 Nov; 47(11):3347-3357. PMID: 28748332.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Andrews SV, Ellis SE, Bakulski KM, Sheppard B, Croen LA, Hertz-Picciotto I, Newschaffer CJ, Feinberg AP, Arking DE, Ladd-Acosta C, Fallin MD. Cross-tissue integration of genetic and epigenetic data offers insight into autism spectrum disorder. Nat Commun. 2017 10 24; 8(1):1011. PMID: 29066808.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Sharp GC, Salas LA, Monnereau C, Allard C, Yousefi P, Everson TM, Bohlin J, Xu Z, Huang RC, Reese SE, Xu CJ, Baïz N, Hoyo C, Agha G, Roy R, Holloway JW, Ghantous A, Merid SK, Bakulski KM, Küpers LK, Zhang H, Richmond RC, Page CM, Duijts L, Lie RT, Melton PE, Vonk JM, Nohr EA, Williams-DeVane C, Huen K, Rifas-Shiman SL, Ruiz-Arenas C, Gonseth S, Rezwan FI, Herceg Z, Ekström S, Croen L, Falahi F, Perron P, Karagas MR, Quraishi BM, Suderman M, Magnus MC, Jaddoe VWV, Taylor JA, Anderson D, Zhao S, Smit HA, Josey MJ, Bradman A, Baccarelli AA, Bustamante M, Håberg SE, Pershagen G, Hertz-Picciotto I, Newschaffer C, Corpeleijn E, Bouchard L, Lawlor DA, Maguire RL, Barcellos LF, Davey Smith G, Eskenazi B, Karmaus W, Marsit CJ, Hivert MF, Snieder H, Fallin MD, Melén E, Munthe-Kaas MC, Arshad H, Wiemels JL, Annesi-Maesano I, Vrijheid M, Oken E, Holland N, Murphy SK, Sørensen TIA, Koppelman GH, Newnham JP, Wilcox AJ, Nystad W, London SJ, Felix JF, Relton CL. Maternal BMI at the start of pregnancy and offspring epigenome-wide DNA methylation: findings from the pregnancy and childhood epigenetics (PACE) consortium. Hum Mol Genet. 2017 10 15; 26(20):4067-4085. PMID: 29016858.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Leonard AS, Lee J, Schubert D, Croen LA, Fallin MD, Newschaffer CJ, Walker CK, Salafia CM, Morgan SP, Vvedensky DD. Scaling of the surface vasculature on the human placenta. Phys Rev E. 2017 Oct; 96(4-1):040401. PMID: 29347569.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Singer AB, Aylsworth AS, Cordero C, Croen LA, DiGuiseppi C, Fallin MD, Herring AH, Hooper SR, Pretzel RE, Schieve LA, Windham GC, Daniels JL. Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in Relation to Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED). Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 11; 31(6):573-582. PMID: 28881390.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Lyall K, Croen LA, Weiss LA, Kharrazi M, Traglia M, Delorenze GN, Windham GC. Prenatal Serum Concentrations of Brominated Flame Retardants and Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability in the Early Markers of Autism Study: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in California. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 08 30; 125(8):087023. PMID: 28895873.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Alexeeff SE, Yau V, Qian Y, Davignon M, Lynch F, Crawford P, Davis R, Croen LA. Medical Conditions in the First Years of Life Associated with Future Diagnosis of ASD in Children. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 07; 47(7):2067-2079. PMID: 28434058.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Mitra I, Tsang K, Ladd-Acosta C, Croen LA, Aldinger KA, Hendren RL, Traglia M, Lavillaureix A, Zaitlen N, Oldham MC, Levitt P, Nelson S, Amaral DG, Hertz-Picciotto I, Fallin MD, Weiss LA. Correction: Pleiotropic Mechanisms Indicated for Sex Differences in Autism. PLoS Genet. 2017 06; 13(6):e1006831. PMID: 28591140.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Zerbo O, Klein NP, Croen LA. Influenza Vaccination in the First Trimester of Pregnancy and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder-Reply. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Jun 01; 171(6):601-602. PMID: 28437530.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Traglia M, Croen LA, Lyall K, Windham GC, Kharrazi M, DeLorenze GN, Torres AR, Weiss LA. Independent Maternal and Fetal Genetic Effects on Midgestational Circulating Levels of Environmental Pollutants. G3 (Bethesda). 2017 04 03; 7(4):1287-1299. PMID: 28235828.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Park BY, Lee BK, Burstyn I, Tabb LP, Keelan JA, Whitehouse AJO, Croen LA, Fallin MD, Hertz-Picciotto I, Montgomery O, Newschaffer CJ. Umbilical cord blood androgen levels and ASD-related phenotypes at 12 and 36 months in an enriched risk cohort study. Mol Autism. 2017; 8:3. PMID: 28163867.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Zerbo O, Qian Y, Yoshida C, Fireman BH, Klein NP, Croen LA. Association Between Influenza Infection and Vaccination During Pregnancy and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Jan 02; 171(1):e163609. PMID: 27893896.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Becerra TA, Massolo ML, Yau VM, Owen-Smith AA, Lynch FL, Crawford PM, Pearson KA, Pomichowski ME, Quinn VP, Yoshida CK, Croen LA. A Survey of Parents with Children on the Autism Spectrum: Experience with Services and Treatments. Perm J. 2017; 21. PMID: 28488981.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Madden JM, Lakoma MD, Lynch FL, Rusinak D, Owen-Smith AA, Coleman KJ, Quinn VP, Yau VM, Qian YX, Croen LA. Psychotropic Medication Use among Insured Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 01; 47(1):144-154. PMID: 27817163.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Hedderson MM, Ferrara A, Avalos LA, Van den Eeden SK, Gunderson EP, Li DK, Altschuler A, Woo S, Rowell S, Choudhary V, Xu F, Flanagan T, Schaefer C, Croen LA. The Kaiser Permanente Northern California research program on genes, environment, and health (RPGEH) pregnancy cohort: study design, methodology and baseline characteristics. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016 11 29; 16(1):381. PMID: 27899076.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Frey AJ, Park BY, Schriver ER, Feldman DR, Parry S, Croen LA, Fallin DM, Hertz-Picciotto I, Newschaffer CJ, Snyder NW. Differences in testosterone and its precursors by sex of the offspring in meconium. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 03; 167:78-85. PMID: 27871978.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Mitra I, Tsang K, Ladd-Acosta C, Croen LA, Aldinger KA, Hendren RL, Traglia M, Lavillaureix A, Zaitlen N, Oldham MC, Levitt P, Nelson S, Amaral DG, Hertz-Picciotto I, Fallin MD, Weiss LA. Pleiotropic Mechanisms Indicated for Sex Differences in Autism. PLoS Genet. 2016 11; 12(11):e1006425. PMID: 27846226.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Singer AB, Windham GC, Croen LA, Daniels JL, Lee BK, Qian Y, Schendel DE, Fallin MD, Burstyn I. Maternal Exposure to Occupational Asthmagens During Pregnancy and Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Study to Explore Early Development. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 11; 46(11):3458-3468. PMID: 27511194.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Torres AR, Sweeten TL, Johnson RC, Odell D, Westover JB, Bray-Ward P, Ward DC, Davies CJ, Thomas AJ, Croen LA, Benson M. Common Genetic Variants Found in HLA and KIR Immune Genes in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Front Neurosci. 2016; 10:463. PMID: 27812316.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Wu YW, Kuzniewicz MW, Croen L, Walsh EM, McCulloch CE, Newman TB. Risk of Autism Associated With Hyperbilirubinemia and Phototherapy. Pediatrics. 2016 10; 138(4). PMID: 27669736.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Lam J, Sutton P, Kalkbrenner A, Windham G, Halladay A, Koustas E, Lawler C, Davidson L, Daniels N, Newschaffer C, Woodruff T. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Multiple Airborne Pollutants and Autism Spectrum Disorder. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0161851. PMID: 27653281.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Lyall K, Croen LA, Sjödin A, Yoshida CK, Zerbo O, Kharrazi M, Windham GC. Polychlorinated Biphenyl and Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations in Maternal Mid-Pregnancy Serum Samples: Association with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 03; 125(3):474-480. PMID: 27548254.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Cheslack-Postava K, Cremers S, Bao Y, Shen L, Schaefer CA, Brown AS. Maternal serum cytokine levels and risk of bipolar disorder. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jul; 63:108-114. PMID: 27477922.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Bishop SL, Huerta M, Gotham K, Alexandra Havdahl K, Pickles A, Duncan A, Hus Bal V, Croen L, Lord C. The autism symptom interview, school-age: A brief telephone interview to identify autism spectrum disorders in 5-to-12-year-old children. Autism Res. 2017 Jan; 10(1):78-88. PMID: 27282463.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Jones KL, Croen LA, Yoshida CK, Heuer L, Hansen R, Zerbo O, DeLorenze GN, Kharrazi M, Yolken R, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. Autism with intellectual disability is associated with increased levels of maternal cytokines and chemokines during gestation. Mol Psychiatry. 2017 02; 22(2):273-279. PMID: 27217154.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Grether JK, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Yolken RH, Anderson MC, Torres AR, Westover JB, Sweeten T, Hansen RL, Kharrazi M, Croen LA. Prenatal and Newborn Immunoglobulin Levels from Mother-Child Pairs and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Front Neurosci. 2016; 10:218. PMID: 27242422; PMCID: PMC4870252.
    43. Fox CK, Glass HC, Sidney S, Smith SE, Fullerton HJ. Neonatal seizures triple the risk of a remote seizure after perinatal ischemic stroke. Neurology. 2016 06 07; 86(23):2179-86. PMID: 27164703.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Zerbo O, Traglia M, Yoshida C, Heuer LS, Ashwood P, Delorenze GN, Hansen RL, Kharrazi M, Van de Water J, Yolken RH, Weiss LA, Croen LA. Maternal mid-pregnancy C-reactive protein and risk of autism spectrum disorders: the early markers for autism study. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 19; 6:e783. PMID: 27093065; PMCID: PMC4872404.
    45. Kline-Simon AH, Weisner C, Sterling S. Point Prevalence of Co-Occurring Behavioral Health Conditions and Associated Chronic Disease Burden Among Adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 05; 55(5):408-14. PMID: 27126855.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Cummings JR, Lynch FL, Rust KC, Coleman KJ, Madden JM, Owen-Smith AA, Yau VM, Qian Y, Pearson KA, Crawford PM, Massolo ML, Quinn VP, Croen LA. Health Services Utilization Among Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Mar; 46(3):910-20. PMID: 26547921; PMCID: PMC4747787 [Available on 03/01/17].
    47. Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Jackson ML, Omer SB, Bednarczyk RA, Shoup JA, DeStefano F, Daley MF. White Paper on studying the safety of the childhood immunization schedule in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Vaccine. 2016 Feb 15; 34 Suppl 1:A1-A29. PMID: 26830300.
      View in: PubMed
    48. DiGuiseppi CG, Daniels JL, Fallin DM, Rosenberg SA, Schieve LA, Thomas KC, Windham GC, Goss CW, Soke GN, Currie DW, Singer AB, Lee LC, Bernal P, Croen LA, Miller LA, Pinto-Martin JA, Young LM, Schendel DE. Demographic profile of families and children in the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED): Case-control study of autism spectrum disorder. Disabil Health J. 2016 07; 9(3):544-51. PMID: 26917104.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, Arnett DK, Blaha MJ, Cushman M, Das SR, de Ferranti S, Després JP, Fullerton HJ, Howard VJ, Huffman MD, Isasi CR, Jiménez MC, Judd SE, Kissela BM, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Liu S, Mackey RH, Magid DJ, McGuire DK, Mohler ER, Moy CS, Muntner P, Mussolino ME, Nasir K, Neumar RW, Nichol G, Palaniappan L, Pandey DK, Reeves MJ, Rodriguez CJ, Rosamond W, Sorlie PD, Stein J, Towfighi A, Turan TN, Virani SS, Woo D, Yeh RW, Turner MB. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2016 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016 Jan 26; 133(4):e38-360. PMID: 26673558.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Zerbo O, Massolo ML, Qian Y, Croen LA. A Study of Physician Knowledge and Experience with Autism in Adults in a Large Integrated Healthcare System. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Dec; 45(12):4002-14. PMID: 26334872.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Zerbo O, Qian Y, Yoshida C, Grether JK, Van de Water J, Croen LA. Maternal Infection During Pregnancy and Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Dec; 45(12):4015-25. PMID: 24366406.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Ladd-Acosta C, Shu C, Lee BK, Gidaya N, Singer A, Schieve LA, Schendel DE, Jones N, Daniels JL, Windham GC, Newschaffer CJ, Croen LA, Feinberg AP, Daniele Fallin M. Presence of an epigenetic signature of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure in childhood. Environ Res. 2016 Jan; 144(Pt A):139-148. PMID: 26610292.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Daley MF, McClure DL, Baxter RP, Jackson ML, Naleway AL, Lugg MM, DeStefano F. Cumulative and episodic vaccine aluminum exposure in a population-based cohort of young children. Vaccine. 2015 Nov 27; 33(48):6736-44. PMID: 26518400.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Wiggins LD, Levy SE, Daniels J, Schieve L, Croen LA, DiGuiseppi C, Blaskey L, Giarelli E, Lee LC, Pinto-Martin J, Reynolds A, Rice C, Rosenberg CR, Thompson P, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Young L, Schendel D. Autism spectrum disorder symptoms among children enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED). J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Oct; 45(10):3183-94. PMID: 26048040.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Zerbo O, Yoshida C, Gunderson EP, Dorward K, Croen LA. Interpregnancy Interval and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics. 2015 Oct; 136(4):651-7. PMID: 26371204; PMCID: PMC4586728 [Available on 10/01/16].
    56. Owen-Smith AA, Bent S, Lynch FL, Coleman KJ, Yau VM, Pearson KA, Massolo ML, Quinn V, Croen LA. Prevalence and Predictors of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use in a Large Insured Sample of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2015 Sep 01; 17:40-51. PMID: 26366192.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Coleman KJ, Lutsky MA, Yau V, Qian Y, Pomichowski ME, Crawford PM, Lynch FL, Madden JM, Owen-Smith A, Pearson JA, Pearson KA, Rusinak D, Quinn VP, Croen LA. Validation of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnoses in Large Healthcare Systems with Electronic Medical Records. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Jul; 45(7):1989-96. PMID: 25641003.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Banda Y, Kvale MN, Hoffmann TJ, Hesselson SE, Ranatunga D, Tang H, Sabatti C, Croen LA, Dispensa BP, Henderson M, Iribarren C, Jorgenson E, Kushi LH, Ludwig D, Olberg D, Quesenberry CP, Rowell S, Sadler M, Sakoda LC, Sciortino S, Shen L, Smethurst D, Somkin CP, Van Den Eeden SK, Walter L, Whitmer RA, Kwok PY, Schaefer C, Risch N. Characterizing Race/Ethnicity and Genetic Ancestry for 100,000 Subjects in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) Cohort. Genetics. 2015 Aug; 200(4):1285-95. PMID: 26092716; PMCID: PMC4574246.
    59. Lapham K, Kvale MN, Lin J, Connell S, Croen LA, Dispensa BP, Fang L, Hesselson S, Hoffmann TJ, Iribarren C, Jorgenson E, Kushi LH, Ludwig D, Matsuguchi T, McGuire WB, Miles S, Quesenberry CP, Rowell S, Sadler M, Sakoda LC, Smethurst D, Somkin CP, Van Den Eeden SK, Walter L, Whitmer RA, Kwok PY, Risch N, Schaefer C, Blackburn EH. Automated Assay of Telomere Length Measurement and Informatics for 100,000 Subjects in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) Cohort. Genetics. 2015 Aug; 200(4):1061-72. PMID: 26092717.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Kvale MN, Hesselson S, Hoffmann TJ, Cao Y, Chan D, Connell S, Croen LA, Dispensa BP, Eshragh J, Finn A, Gollub J, Iribarren C, Jorgenson E, Kushi LH, Lao R, Lu Y, Ludwig D, Mathauda GK, McGuire WB, Mei G, Miles S, Mittman M, Patil M, Quesenberry CP, Ranatunga D, Rowell S, Sadler M, Sakoda LC, Shapero M, Shen L, Shenoy T, Smethurst D, Somkin CP, Van Den Eeden SK, Walter L, Wan E, Webster T, Whitmer RA, Wong S, Zau C, Zhan Y, Schaefer C, Kwok PY, Risch N. Genotyping Informatics and Quality Control for 100,000 Subjects in the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) Cohort. Genetics. 2015 Aug; 200(4):1051-60. PMID: 26092718; PMCID: PMC4574249.
    61. Croen LA, Zerbo O, Qian Y, Massolo ML, Rich S, Sidney S, Kripke C. The health status of adults on the autism spectrum. Autism. 2015 Oct; 19(7):814-23. PMID: 25911091.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Feinberg JI, Bakulski KM, Jaffe AE, Tryggvadottir R, Brown SC, Goldman LR, Croen LA, Hertz-Picciotto I, Newschaffer CJ, Fallin MD, Feinberg AP. Paternal sperm DNA methylation associated with early signs of autism risk in an autism-enriched cohort. Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Aug; 44(4):1199-210. PMID: 25878217; PMCID: PMC4598797.
    63. Yau VM, Lutsky M, Yoshida CK, Lasley B, Kharrazi M, Windham G, Gee N, Croen LA. Prenatal and neonatal thyroid stimulating hormone levels and autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Mar; 45(3):719-30. PMID: 25178989.
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    64. Zerbo O, Leong A, Barcellos L, Bernal P, Fireman B, Croen LA. Immune mediated conditions in autism spectrum disorders. Brain Behav Immun. 2015 May; 46:232-6. PMID: 25681541; PMCID: PMC4414798.
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    148. Newman TB, Liljestrand P, Jeremy RJ, Ferriero DM, Wu YW, Hudes ES, Escobar GJ. Outcomes among newborns with total serum bilirubin levels of 25 mg per deciliter or more. N Engl J Med. 2006 May 04; 354(18):1889-900. PMID: 16672700.
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    149. Thom T, Haase N, Rosamond W, Howard VJ, Rumsfeld J, Manolio T, Zheng ZJ, Flegal K, O'Donnell C, Kittner S, Lloyd-Jones D, Goff DC, Hong Y, Adams R, Friday G, Furie K, Gorelick P, Kissela B, Marler J, Meigs J, Roger V, Sidney S, Sorlie P, Steinberger J, Wasserthiel-Smoller S, Wilson M, Wolf P. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2006 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation. 2006 Feb 14; 113(6):e85-151. PMID: 16407573.
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    150. Lin ND, Kleinman K, Chan KA, Yu XJ, France EK, Xu S, Wei F, Mullooly J, Santoli J, Lieu TA. Impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on immunization coverage among infants. BMC Pediatr. 2005 Nov 28; 5:43. PMID: 16313673; PMCID: PMC1314888.
    151. Lee J, Croen LA, Lindan C, Nash KB, Yoshida CK, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Wu YW. Predictors of outcome in perinatal arterial stroke: a population-based study. Ann Neurol. 2005 Aug; 58(2):303-8. PMID: 16010659.
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    152. Smith VC, Zupancic JA, McCormick MC, Croen LA, Greene J, Escobar GJ, Richardson DK. Trends in severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia rates between 1994 and 2002. J Pediatr. 2005 Apr; 146(4):469-73. PMID: 15812448.
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    153. Lee J, Croen LA, Backstrand KH, Yoshida CK, Henning LH, Lindan C, Ferriero DM, Fullerton HJ, Barkovich AJ, Wu YW. Maternal and infant characteristics associated with perinatal arterial stroke in the infant. JAMA. 2005 Feb 09; 293(6):723-9. PMID: 15701914.
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    154. Croen LA, Yoshida CK, Odouli R, Newman TB. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and risk of autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2005 Feb; 115(2):e135-8. PMID: 15687420.
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    155. Croen LA, Grether JK, Yoshida CK, Odouli R, Van de Water J. Maternal autoimmune diseases, asthma and allergies, and childhood autism spectrum disorders: a case-control study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Feb; 159(2):151-7. PMID: 15699309.
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    156. Wu YW, March WM, Croen LA, Grether JK, Escobar GJ, Newman TB. Perinatal stroke in children with motor impairment: a population-based study. Pediatrics. 2004 Sep; 114(3):612-9. PMID: 15342829.
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    157. Grether J, Croen L, Theis C, Blaxill M, Haley B, Holmes A. Baby hair, mercury toxicity and autism. Int J Toxicol. 2004 Jul-Aug; 23(4):275-6. PMID: 15371172.
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    158. Smith VC, Zupancic JA, McCormick MC, Croen LA, Greene J, Escobar GJ, Richardson DK. Rehospitalization in the first year of life among infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. J Pediatr. 2004 Jun; 144(6):799-803. PMID: 15192629.
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    159. Lawler CP, Croen LA, Grether JK, Van de Water J. Identifying environmental contributions to autism: provocative clues and false leads. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2004; 10(4):292-302. PMID: 15666339.
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    160. Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Schaffer DM, Laurent C, Selvin S. Dieting behaviors and risk of neural tube defects. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Dec 15; 158(12):1127-31. PMID: 14652296.
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    161. Wu YW, Escobar GJ, Grether JK, Croen LA, Greene JD, Newman TB. Chorioamnionitis and cerebral palsy in term and near-term infants. JAMA. 2003 Nov 26; 290(20):2677-84. PMID: 14645309.
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    162. Carmichael SL, Nelson V, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Croen LA. Socio-economic status and risk of conotruncal heart defects and orofacial clefts. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2003 Jul; 17(3):264-71. PMID: 12839538.
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    163. Hallmayer J, Glasson EJ, Bower C, Petterson B, Croen L, Grether J, Risch N. On the twin risk in autism. Am J Hum Genet. 2002 Oct; 71(4):941-6. PMID: 12297988; PMCID: PMC378547.
    164. Croen LA, Grether JK, Hoogstrate J, Selvin S. The changing prevalence of autism in California. J Autism Dev Disord. 2002 Jun; 32(3):207-15. PMID: 12108622.
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    165. Croen LA, Grether JK, Selvin S. Descriptive epidemiology of autism in a California population: who is at risk? J Autism Dev Disord. 2002 Jun; 32(3):217-24. PMID: 12108623.
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    166. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Barber RC, Baker MM, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ. Apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein E genotypes and sporadic holoprosencephaly. Am J Med Genet. 2002 Feb 15; 108(1):75-7. PMID: 11857554.
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    167. Croen LA, Grether JK, Selvin S. The epidemiology of mental retardation of unknown cause. Pediatrics. 2001 Jun; 107(6):E86. PMID: 11389284.
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    168. Croen LA, Grether JK, Curry CJ, Nelson KB. Congenital abnormalities among children with cerebral palsy: More evidence for prenatal antecedents. J Pediatr. 2001 Jun; 138(6):804-10. PMID: 11391320.
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    169. Nelson KB, Grether JK, Croen LA, Dambrosia JM, Dickens BF, Jelliffe LL, Hansen RL, Phillips TM. Neuropeptides and neurotrophins in neonatal blood of children with autism or mental retardation. Ann Neurol. 2001 May; 49(5):597-606. PMID: 11357950.
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    170. Croen LA, Todoroff K, Shaw GM. Maternal exposure to nitrate from drinking water and diet and risk for neural tube defects. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb 15; 153(4):325-31. PMID: 11207149.
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    171. Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Carmichael SL, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Lowered weight gain during pregnancy and risk of neural tube defects among offspring. Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb; 30(1):60-5. PMID: 11171858.
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    172. Shaw GM, Croen LA, Todoroff K, Tolarova MM. Periconceptional intake of vitamin supplements and risk of multiple congenital anomalies. Am J Med Genet. 2000 Jul 31; 93(3):188-93. PMID: 10925379.
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    173. Nanni L, Croen LA, Lammer EJ, Muenke M. Holoprosencephaly: molecular study of a California population. Am J Med Genet. 2000 Feb 14; 90(4):315-9. PMID: 10710230.
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    174. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Risk factors for cytogenetically normal holoprosencephaly in California: a population-based case-control study. Am J Med Genet. 2000 Feb 14; 90(4):320-5. PMID: 10710231.
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    175. Velie EM, Block G, Shaw GM, Samuels SJ, Schaffer DM, Kulldorff M. Maternal supplemental and dietary zinc intake and the occurrence of neural tube defects in California. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Sep 15; 150(6):605-16. PMID: 10490000.
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    176. Shaw GM, Velie EM, Katz EA, Morland KB, Schaffer DM, Nelson V. Maternal occupational and hobby chemical exposures as risk factors for neural tube defects. Epidemiology. 1999 Mar; 10(2):124-9. PMID: 10069246.
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    177. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Tolarová MM. Racial and ethnic variations in the prevalence of orofacial clefts in California, 1983-1992. Am J Med Genet. 1998 Aug 27; 79(1):42-7. PMID: 9738868.
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    178. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Sanbonmatsu L, Selvin S, Buffler PA. Maternal residential proximity to hazardous waste sites and risk for selected congenital malformations. Epidemiology. 1997 Jul; 8(4):347-54. PMID: 9209846.
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    179. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Holoprosencephaly: epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of a California population. Am J Med Genet. 1996 Aug 23; 64(3):465-72. PMID: 8862623.
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    180. Croen LA, Shaw GM. Young maternal age and congenital malformations: a population-based study. Am J Public Health. 1995 May; 85(5):710-3. PMID: 7733434; PMCID: PMC1615441.
    181. Shaw GM, Croen LA. Human adverse reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic field exposures: review of epidemiologic studies. Environ Health Perspect. 1993 Dec; 101 Suppl 4:107-19. PMID: 8206019.
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    182. Croen LA, Shaw GM, Jensvold NG, Harris JA. Birth defects monitoring in California: a resource for epidemiological research. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1991 Oct; 5(4):423-7. PMID: 1754501.
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    183. Shaw GM, Croen LA, Curry CJ. Isolated oral cleft malformations: associations with maternal and infant characteristics in a California population. Teratology. 1991 Mar; 43(3):225-8. PMID: 2014485.
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    184. Johnson RE, Mullooly JP, Valanis BG, Andrews EB, Tilson HH. Acyclovir use and its surveillance in a general population. DICP. 1990 Jun; 24(6):624-8. PMID: 2360339.
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    185. Shaw GM, Malcoe LH, Croen LA, Smith DF. An assessment of error in parental occupation from the birth certificate. Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Jun; 131(6):1072-9. PMID: 2188499.
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    186. Hexter AC, Harris JA, Roeper P, Croen LA, Krueger P, Gant D. Evaluation of the hospital discharge diagnoses index and the birth certificate as sources of information on birth defects. Public Health Rep. 1990 May-Jun; 105(3):296-307. PMID: 2113690; PMCID: PMC1580001.
    187. Grether JK, Schulman J, Croen LA. Sudden infant death syndrome among Asians in California. J Pediatr. 1990 Apr; 116(4):525-8. PMID: 2319398.
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    188. Wassertheil-Smoller S, Croen L, Siegel B. Physicians' changing attitudes about striking. Med Care. 1979 Jan; 17(1):79-85. PMID: 759745.
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