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Stanley Xu, PhD, MS

TitleResearch Scientist III
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Southern California
DepartmentDepartment of Research and Evaluation
Address100 South Los Robles Avenue
Pasadena CA 91101
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-4750-7672 Additional info
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    Other Positions
    TitleAssociate Professor
    InstitutionKaiser Permanente Bernard J. Tyson School of Medicine
    DepartmentHealth Systems Science

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Stanley Xu, PhD, is the Head of Biostatistics and a Senior Investigator at the Institute for Health Research. His research areas include longitudinal data analysis, analytic strategies in observational studies, count data analysis, missing data, outcome misclassification, and survival analysis.

    Dr. Xu has completed doctoral training in both biochemistry and biometrics at the Beijing Agricultural University and the University of Colorado, Denver, respectively. He is responsible for developing analytic strategies for a variety of research problems in health outcomes and health services research and oversees the work of analytic staff within the IHR. He has contributed to several scientific fields including vaccine safety, substance abuse, cardiac outcomes, pharmacoepidemiology, health care utilization, and mental health.

    Dr. Xu is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Biostatistics and Informatics at the University of Colorado School of Public Health and is a peer reviewer for a number of journals, including Statistics in Medicine, Biometrical Journal, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, and Vaccine.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    1UL1TR002535-01     (Sokol)Apr 30, 2018 - Apr 30, 2023
    Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI)
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    1R01DA042259-02     (Binswanger)Jul 1, 2016 - Jun 30, 2021
    The Safety and Impact of Expanded Access to Naloxone in HIV and Primary Care Practices
    Role: Biostatistician

    15SFDRN25710168     (Steiner)Jul 1, 2016 - Jun 30, 2020
    Improving Hypertension Care of American Indians and Alaska Natives through Interactive Voice Response Technology
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    1R01HL126125-01A1     (Bender)Sep 1, 2015 - Jun 30, 2020
    The Breathewell Program to Improve Outcomes
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Qian L, Sy LS, Hong V, Glenn SC, Ryan DS, Nelson JC, Hambidge SJ, Crane B, Zerbo O, DeSilva MB, Glanz JM, Donahue JG, Liles E, Duffy J, Xu S. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Care Utilization in the Vaccine Safety Datalink: Retrospective Cohort Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2024 Jan 23; 10:e48159. PMID: 38091476; PMCID: PMC10807656.
    2. Bruxvoort KJ, Sy LS, Hong V, Lewin B, Qian L, Huang X, Holmquist KJ, Han B, Xu S. Factors associated with uptake of bivalent mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in a large US health care system. Vaccine. 2023 Nov 30; 41(49):7460-7468. PMID: 37953096.
    3. Xu S, Narwaney KJ, Nguyen AP, Binswanger IA, McClure DL, Glanz JM. An individual segmented trajectory approach for identifying opioid use patterns using longitudinal dispensing data. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2023 Oct 10. PMID: 37814576.
    4. Xu S, Hong V, Sy LS, Bruxvoort KJ, Lewin B, Han B, Holmquist KJ, Qian L. Risk Factors for Not Completing a 2-Dose Primary Series of Messenger RNA COVID-19 Vaccination in a Large Health Care System in Southern California: Retrospective Cohort Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2023 Oct 04; 9:e46318. PMID: 37792452; PMCID: PMC10563864.
    5. Glanz JM, Xu S, Narwaney KJ, McClure DL, Rinehart DJ, Ford MA, Nguyen AP, Binswanger IA. Association Between Opioid Dose Reduction Rates and Overdose Among Patients Prescribed Long-Term Opioid Therapy. Subst Abus. 2023 07; 44(3):209-219. PMID: 37702046.
    6. Myers LC, Kipnis P, Greene JD, Chen A, Creekmur B, Xu S, Sankar V, Roubinian NH, Langer-Gould A, Gould MK, Liu VX. The impact of timing of initiating invasive mechanical ventilation in COVID-19-related respiratory failure. J Crit Care. 2023 10; 77:154322. PMID: 37163851; PMCID: PMC10165890.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    7. Xu S, Huang R, Sy LS, Hong V, Glenn SC, Ryan DS, Morrissette K, Vazquez-Benitez G, Glanz JM, Klein NP, Fireman B, McClure D, Liles EG, Weintraub ES, Tseng HF, Qian L. A safety study evaluating non-COVID-19 mortality risk following COVID-19 vaccination. Vaccine. 2023 01 16; 41(3):844-854. PMID: 36564276; PMCID: PMC9763207.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    8. Myers LC, Xu S, Chen A, Greene JD, Creekmur B, Bruxvoort K, Escobar GJ, Adams JL, Langer-Gould A, Liu VX, Gould MK. The intensity of anticoagulant dosing in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: An observational, comparative effectiveness study. J Hosp Med. 2023 01; 18(1):43-54. PMID: 36345824; PMCID: PMC9877905.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    9. Langer-Gould A, Xu S, Myers LC, Chen A, Greene JD, Creekmur B, Bruxvoort K, Adams JL, Liu V, Gould MK. Anakinra or high-dose corticosteroids in COVID-19 pneumonia patients who deteriorate on low-dose dexamethasone: an observational study of comparative effectiveness. Int J Infect Dis. 2023 Jan; 126:87-93. PMID: 36403818; PMCID: PMC9673073.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    10. Langer-Gould A, Xu S, Myers LC, Chen A, Greene JD, Creekmur B, Bruxvoort K, Adams JL, Liu V, Gould MK. High-dose corticosteroids in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia: an observational study of comparative effectiveness. Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Dec; 125:184-191. PMID: 36404464; PMCID: PMC9621697.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    
    11. Binswanger IA, Shetterly SM, Xu S, Narwaney KJ, McClure DL, Rinehart DJ, Nguyen AP, Glanz JM. Opioid Dose Trajectories and Associations With Mortality, Opioid Use Disorder, Continued Opioid Therapy, and Health Plan Disenrollment. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 10 03; 5(10):e2234671. PMID: 36197665; PMCID: PMC9535531.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Glanz JM, Binswanger IA, Clarke CL, Nguyen AP, Ford MA, Ray GT, Xu S, Hechter RC, Yarborough BJH, Roblin DW, Ahmedani B, Boscarino JA, Andrade SE, Rosa CL, Campbell CI. The association between buprenorphine treatment duration and mortality: a multi-site cohort study of people who discontinued treatment. Addiction. 2022 Jul 11. PMID: 35815386.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Xu S, Hong V, Sy LS, Glenn SC, Ryan DS, Morrissette KL, Nelson JC, Hambidge SJ, Crane B, Zerbo O, DeSilva MB, Glanz JM, Donahue JG, Liles E, Duffy J, Qian L. Changes in incidence rates of outcomes of interest in vaccine safety studies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Vaccine. 2022 05 20; 40(23):3150-3158. PMID: 35465977; PMCID: PMC9013605.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    14. Binswanger IA, Rinehart D, Mueller SR, Narwaney KJ, Stowell M, Wagner N, Xu S, Hanratty R, Blum J, McVaney K, Glanz JM. Naloxone Co-Dispensing with Opioids: a Cluster Randomized Pragmatic Trial. J Gen Intern Med. 2022 Feb 07. PMID: 35132556.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Glanz JM, Clarke CL, Daley MF, Shoup JA, Hambidge SJ, Williams JTB, Groom HC, Kharbanda EO, Klein NP, Jackson LA, Lewin BJ, McClure DL, Xu S, DeStefano F. The Childhood Vaccination Schedule and the Lack of Association With Type 1 Diabetes. Pediatrics. 2021 12 01; 148(6). PMID: 34851413.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Klein NP, Lewis N, Goddard K, Fireman B, Zerbo O, Hanson KE, Donahue JG, Kharbanda EO, Naleway A, Nelson JC, Xu S, Yih WK, Glanz JM, Williams JTB, Hambidge SJ, Lewin BJ, Shimabukuro TT, DeStefano F, Weintraub ES. Surveillance for Adverse Events After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination. JAMA. 2021 Sep 03. PMID: 34477808.
      Citations: 236     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    17. Qian L, Sy LS, Hong V, Glenn SC, Ryan DS, Morrissette K, Jacobsen SJ, Xu S. Disparities in Outpatient and Telehealth Visits During the COVID-19 Pandemic in a Large Integrated Health Care Organization: Retrospective Cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 09 01; 23(9):e29959. PMID: 34351865.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    18. Xu S, Clarke CL, Newcomer SR, Daley MF, Glanz JM. Sensitivity analyses of unmeasured and partially-measured confounders using multiple imputation in a vaccine safety study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2021 Sep; 30(9):1200-1213. PMID: 33988275.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Xu S, Glenn S, Sy L, Qian L, Hong V, Ryan DS, Jacobsen S. Correction: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Care Utilization in a Large Integrated Health Care System: Retrospective Cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 May 05; 23(5):e30101. PMID: 33950848; PMCID: PMC8135025.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    20. Xu S, Glenn S, Sy L, Qian L, Hong V, Ryan DS, Jacobsen S. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Care Utilization in a Large Integrated Health Care System: Retrospective Cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021 04 29; 23(4):e26558. PMID: 33882020; PMCID: PMC8086778.
      Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    21. Xu S, Goodrich GK, Moore KR, Manson SM, Gottlieb LM, Hessler D, Schroeder EB, Steiner JF. Identifying Relative Changes in Social Risk Factors: An Analytic Approach. Med Care. 2021 02 01; 59(2):e9-e15. PMID: 33165148.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Binswanger IA, Glanz JM, Faul M, Shoup JA, Quintana LM, Lyden J, Xu S, Narwaney KJ. The Association between Opioid Discontinuation and Heroin Use: A Nested Case-Control Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 12 01; 217:108248. PMID: 32927194.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Schroeder EB, Moore KR, Manson SM, Baldwin MA, Goodrich GK, Malone AS, Pieper LE, Xu S, Fort MP, Son-Stone L, Johnson D, Steiner JF. A randomized clinical trial of an interactive voice response and text message intervention for individuals with hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2020 07; 22(7):1228-1238. PMID: 32516486.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Binswanger IA, Nguyen AP, Morenoff JD, Xu S, Harding DJ. The association of criminal justice supervision setting with overdose mortality: a longitudinal cohort study. Addiction. 2020 12; 115(12):2329-2338. PMID: 32267585; PMCID: PMC7541650.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Glanz JM, Clarke CL, Xu S, Daley MF, Shoup JA, Schroeder EB, Lewin BJ, McClure DL, Kharbanda E, Klein NP, DeStefano F. Association Between Rotavirus Vaccination and Type 1 Diabetes in Children. JAMA Pediatr. 2020 05 01; 174(5):455-462. PMID: 32150236; PMCID: PMC7063538.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Bender BG, Wagner NM, Shoup JA, Goodrich GK, Shetterly SM, Cvietusa PJ, Anderson CB, Xu S, Ritzwoller DP, Tacinas C, King DK, Raebel MA. Adults With Asthma Experience No Increase in Asthma-related Exacerbations When Digital Communication Technology Tools Are Employed to Offset Provider Workload: A Pragmatic Randomized Trial. Med Care. 2020 04; 58(4):352-359. PMID: 32197029.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Morse EF, Ross C, Clemensen S, Babbar S, Wisneski LA, Clune H, de Picciotto M, Xu S, Binswanger I. Exploring the Use of Complementary and Integrative Health Modalities in Urgent Care for Acute Pain. J Altern Complement Med. 2020 Jun; 26(6):537-540. PMID: 32167802.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Newcomer SR, Daley MF, Narwaney KJ, Xu S, DeStefano F, Groom HC, Jackson ML, Lewin BJ, McLean HQ, Nordin JD, Zerbo O, Glanz JM. Order of Live and Inactivated Vaccines and Risk of Non-vaccine-targeted Infections in US Children 11-23 Months of Age. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 03; 39(3):247-253. PMID: 32032310.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    29. Newcomer SR, Xu S, Kulldorff M, Daley MF, Fireman B, Glanz JM. A primer on quantitative bias analysis with positive predictive values in research using electronic health data. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2019 12 01; 26(12):1664-1674. PMID: 31365086; PMCID: PMC6857512.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    30. Glanz JM, Binswanger IA, Shetterly SM, Narwaney KJ, Xu S. Association Between Opioid Dose Variability and Opioid Overdose Among Adults Prescribed Long-term Opioid Therapy. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Apr 05; 2(4):e192613. PMID: 31002325.
      Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Schroeder EB, Moore K, Manson SM, Baldwin MA, Goodrich GK, Malone AS, Pieper LE, Xu S, Fort MM, Johnson D, Son-Stone L, Steiner JF. An Interactive Voice Response and Text Message Intervention to Improve Blood Pressure Control Among Individuals With Hypertension Receiving Care at an Urban Indian Health Organization: Protocol and Baseline Characteristics of a Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2019 Apr 02; 8(4):e11794. PMID: 30938688.
      Citations: 6     
    32. Xu S, Newcomer SR, Kulldorff M, Daley MF, Fireman B, Glanz JM. Use of three summary measures of pediatric vaccination for studying the safety of the childhood immunization schedule. Vaccine. 2019 Feb 28; 37(10):1325-1331. PMID: 30709727.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Davidson AJ, Xu S, Oronce CIA, Durfee MJ, McCormick EV, Steiner JF, Havranek E, Beck A. Monitoring Depression Rates in an Urban Community: Use of Electronic Health Records. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2018 Nov/Dec; 24(6):E6-E14. PMID: 29334514.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    34. Steiner JF, Shainline MR, Dahlgren JZ, Kroll A, Xu S. Optimizing number and timing of appointment reminders: a randomized trial. Am J Manag Care. 2018 Aug; 24(8):377-384. PMID: 30130032.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Xu S, Clarke CL, Newcomer SR, Daley MF, Glanz JM. Analyzing self-controlled case series data when case confirmation rates are estimated from an internal validation sample. Biom J. 2018 07; 60(4):748-760. PMID: 29768667.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Li R, Weintraub E, McNeil MM, Kulldorff M, Lewis EM, Nelson J, Xu S, Qian L, Klein NP, Destefano F. Meningococcal conjugate vaccine safety surveillance in the Vaccine Safety Datalink using a tree-temporal scan data mining method. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Apr; 27(4):391-397. PMID: 29446176.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    37. Glanz JM, Narwaney KJ, Mueller SR, Gardner EM, Calcaterra SL, Xu S, Breslin K, Binswanger IA. Prediction Model for Two-Year Risk of Opioid Overdose Among Patients Prescribed Chronic Opioid Therapy. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Oct; 33(10):1646-1653. PMID: 29380216.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Newcomer SR, Kulldorff M, Xu S, Daley MF, Fireman B, Lewis E, Glanz JM. Bias from outcome misclassification in immunization schedule safety research. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Feb; 27(2):221-228. PMID: 29292551.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    39. Beck A, Davidson AJ, Xu S, Josh Durfee M, Oronce CIA, Steiner JF, Havranek E. A Multilevel Analysis of Individual, Health System, and Neighborhood Factors Associated with Depression within a Large Metropolitan Area. J Urban Health. 2017 Dec; 94(6):780-790. PMID: 28842803.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Daley MF, Clarke CL, Glanz JM, Xu S, Hambidge SJ, Donahue JG, Nordin JD, Klein NP, Jacobsen SJ, Naleway AL, Jackson ML, Lee G, Duffy J, Weintraub E. The safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age: A Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Jan; 27(1):59-68. PMID: 29148124.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    41. Glanz JM, Wagner NM, Narwaney KJ, Kraus CR, Shoup JA, Xu S, O'Leary ST, Omer SB, Gleason KS, Daley MF. Web-based Social Media Intervention to Increase Vaccine Acceptance: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pediatrics. 2017 Dec; 140(6). PMID: 29109107.
      Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    42. Schroeder EB, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Nichols GA, O'Connor PJ, Steiner JF. Predicting the 6-month risk of severe hypoglycemia among adults with diabetes: Development and external validation of a prediction model. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 Jul; 31(7):1158-1163. PMID: 28462891.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    43. Allen LA, Matlock DD, Shetterly SM, Xu S, Levy WC, Portalupi LB, McIlvennan CK, Gurwitz JH, Johnson ES, Smith DH, Magid DJ. Use of Risk Models to Predict Death in the Next Year Among Individual Ambulatory Patients With Heart Failure. JAMA Cardiol. 2017 Apr 01; 2(4):435-441. PMID: 28002546.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    44. Raebel MA, Zeng C, Cheetham TC, Smith DH, Feigelson HS, Carroll NM, Goddard K, Tavel HM, Boudreau DM, Shetterly S, Xu S. Risk of Breast Cancer With Long-Term Use of Calcium Channel Blockers or Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Among Older Women. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 02 15; 185(4):264-273. PMID: 28186527.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Vazquez-Benitez G, Kharbanda EO, Naleway AL, Lipkind H, Sukumaran L, McCarthy NL, Omer SB, Qian L, Xu S, Jackson ML, Vijayadev V, Klein NP, Nordin JD. Risk of Preterm or Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth After Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy: Caveats When Conducting Retrospective Observational Studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 08 01; 184(3):176-86. PMID: 27449414.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    46. Steiner JF, Shainline MR, Bishop MC, Xu S. Reducing Missed Primary Care Appointments in a Learning Health System: Two Randomized Trials and Validation of a Predictive Model. Med Care. 2016 Jul; 54(7):689-96. PMID: 27077277.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Xu S, Shetterly S, Cook AJ, Raebel MA, Goonesekera S, Shoaibi A, Roy J, Fireman B. Evaluation of propensity scores, disease risk scores, and regression in confounder adjustment for the safety of emerging treatment with group sequential monitoring. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016 Apr; 25(4):453-61. PMID: 26875591.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Illingworth JL, Watson P, Xu S, Manford M, Ring H. A method for identifying associations between seizures and possible trigger events in adults with intellectual disability. Epilepsia. 2015 Nov; 56(11):1812-8. PMID: 26385590.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Desai JR, Vazquez-Benitez G, Xu Z, Schroeder EB, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Nichols GA, Reynolds K, Xu S, Newton K, Pathak RD, Waitzfelder B, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Kirchner HL, Thomas A, O'Connor PJ. Who Must We Target Now to Minimize Future Cardiovascular Events and Total Mortality?: Lessons From the Surveillance, Prevention and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) Cohort Study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015 Sep; 8(5):508-16. PMID: 26307132.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Almeida FA, Smith-Ray RL, Dzewaltowski DA, Glasgow RE, Lee RE, Thomas DS, Xu S, Estabrooks PA. An Interactive Computer Session to Initiate Physical Activity in Sedentary Cardiac Patients: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res. 2015 Aug 24; 17(8):e206. PMID: 26303347; PMCID: PMC4642390.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Schroeder EB, Powers JD, O'Connor PJ, Nichols GA, Xu S, Desai JR, Karter AJ, Morales LS, Newton KM, Pathak RD, Vazquez-Benitez G, Raebel MA, Butler MG, Lafata JE, Reynolds K, Thomas A, Waitzfelder BE, Steiner JF. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among individuals with diabetes in the SUPREME-DM Project, 2005-2011. J Diabetes Complications. 2015 Jul; 29(5):637-43. PMID: 25936953.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Bender BG, Cvietusa PJ, Goodrich GK, Lowe R, Nuanes HA, Rand C, Shetterly S, Tacinas C, Vollmer WM, Wagner N, Wamboldt FS, Xu S, Magid DJ. Pragmatic trial of health care technologies to improve adherence to pediatric asthma treatment: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Apr; 169(4):317-23. PMID: 25664620.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Vazquez-Benitez G, Desai JR, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Schroeder EB, Nichols GA, Segal J, Butler MG, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Newton KM, Morales LS, Pathak RD, Thomas A, Reynolds K, Kirchner HL, Waitzfelder B, Elston Lafata J, Adibhatla R, Xu Z, O'Connor PJ. Preventable major cardiovascular events associated with uncontrolled glucose, blood pressure, and lipids and active smoking in adults with diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease: a contemporary analysis. Diabetes Care. 2015 May; 38(5):905-12. PMID: 25710922.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Rost KM, Meng H, Xu S. Work productivity loss from depression: evidence from an employer survey. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec 18; 14:597. PMID: 25519705.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Nichols GA, Schroeder EB, Karter AJ, Gregg EW, Desai J, Lawrence JM, O'Connor PJ, Xu S, Newton KM, Raebel MA, Pathak RD, Waitzfelder B, Segal J, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Kirchner HL, Thomas A, Steiner JF. Trends in diabetes incidence among 7 million insured adults, 2006-2011: the SUPREME-DM project. Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Jan 01; 181(1):32-9. PMID: 25515167.
      Citations: 60     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Rost KM, Marshall D, Xu S. Intervention impact on depression product appraisal and purchasing behavior by employers: a randomized trial. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Sep 24; 14:426. PMID: 25248854.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Schmittdiel JA, Raebel MA, Dyer W, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Schroeder EB, Segal JB, O' Connor PJ, Nichols GA, Lawrence JM, Kirchner HL, Karter AJ, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Steiner JF. Prescription medication burden in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes: a SUrveillance, PREvention, and ManagEment of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) study. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2014 Jul-Aug; 54(4):374-82. PMID: 24860866.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Hambidge SJ, Newcomer SR, Narwaney KJ, Glanz JM, Daley MF, Xu S, Shoup JA, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Klein NP, Lee GM, Nelson JC, Lugg M, Naleway AL, Nordin JD, Weintraub E, DeStefano F. Timely versus delayed early childhood vaccination and seizures. Pediatrics. 2014 Jun; 133(6):e1492-9. PMID: 24843064.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Hazlehurst BL, Lawrence JM, Donahoo WT, Sherwood NE, Kurtz SE, Xu S, Steiner JF. Automating assessment of lifestyle counseling in electronic health records. Am J Prev Med. 2014 May; 46(5):457-64. PMID: 24745635.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Raebel MA, Ellis JL, Schroeder EB, Xu S, O'Connor PJ, Segal JB, Butler MG, Schmittdiel JA, Kirchner HL, Goodrich GK, Lawrence JM, Nichols GA, Newton KM, Pathak RD, Steiner JF. Intensification of antihyperglycemic therapy among patients with incident diabetes: a Surveillance Prevention and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2014 Jul; 23(7):699-710. PMID: 24639086.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Xu S, Shetterly S, Raebel MA, Ho PM, Tsai TT, Magid D. Estimating the effects of time-varying exposures in observational studies using Cox models with stabilized weights adjustment. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2014 Aug; 23(8):812-8. PMID: 24596337.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Xu S, Newcomer S, Nelson J, Qian L, McClure D, Pan Y, Zeng C, Glanz J. Signal detection of adverse events with imperfect confirmation rates in vaccine safety studies using self-controlled case series design. Biom J. 2014 May; 56(3):513-25. PMID: 24402780.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Raebel MA, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Schroeder EB, Schmittdiel JA, Segal JB, O'Connor PJ, Nichols GA, Lawrence JM, Kirchner HL, Elston Lafata J, Butler M, Newton KM, Steiner JF. Initial antihyperglycemic drug therapy among 241 327 adults with newly identified diabetes from 2005 through 2010: a surveillance, prevention, and management of diabetes mellitus (SUPREME-DM) study. Ann Pharmacother. 2013 Oct; 47(10):1280-91. PMID: 24259692.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Zeng C, Newcomer SR, Glanz JM, Shoup JA, Daley MF, Hambidge SJ, Xu S. Bias correction of risk estimates in vaccine safety studies with rare adverse events using a self-controlled case series design. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Dec 15; 178(12):1750-9. PMID: 24327463.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Matlock DD, Groeneveld PW, Sidney S, Shetterly S, Goodrich G, Glenn K, Xu S, Yang L, Farmer SA, Reynolds K, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Lieu T, Boudreau DM, Greenlee RT, Tom J, Vupputuri S, Adams KF, Smith DH, Gunter MJ, Go AS, Magid DJ. Geographic variation in cardiovascular procedure use among Medicare fee-for-service vs Medicare Advantage beneficiaries. JAMA. 2013 Jul 10; 310(2):155-62. PMID: 23839749.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Narwaney KJ, Hambidge SJ, Daley MF, Wagner NM, McClure DL, Xu S, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Lee GM, Nelson JC, Donahue JG, Naleway AL, Nordin JD, Lugg MM, Weintraub ES. A population-based cohort study of undervaccination in 8 managed care organizations across the United States. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Mar 01; 167(3):274-81. PMID: 23338829.
      Citations: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    67. Xu S, Hambidge SJ, McClure DL, Daley MF, Glanz JM. A scan statistic for identifying optimal risk windows in vaccine safety studies using self-controlled case series design. Stat Med. 2013 Aug 30; 32(19):3290-9. PMID: 23303643.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Palen TE, Ross C, Powers JD, Xu S. Association of online patient access to clinicians and medical records with use of clinical services. JAMA. 2012 Nov 21; 308(19):2012-9. PMID: 23168824.
      Citations: 83     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. McClure DL, Xu S, Weintraub E, Glanz JM. An efficient statistical algorithm for a temporal scan statistic applied to vaccine safety analyses. Vaccine. 2012 Jun 08; 30(27):3986-91. PMID: 22531555.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Xu S, Zeng C, Newcomer S, Nelson J, Glanz J. Use of Fixed Effects Models to Analyze Self-Controlled Case Series Data in Vaccine Safety Studies. J Biom Biostat. 2012 Apr 19; Suppl 7:006. PMID: 24707443.
      Citations: 7     
    71. Ray CE, Battaglia C, Libby AM, Prochazka A, Xu S, Funaki B. Interventional radiologic treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma-a cost analysis from the payer perspective. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2012 Mar; 23(3):306-14. PMID: 22277271.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Hambidge SJ, Ross C, Glanz J, McClure D, Daley MF, Xu S, Shoup JA, Narwaney K, Baggs J, Weintraub E. Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine is not associated with sickle cell crises in children. Pediatrics. 2012 Jan; 129(1):e54-9. PMID: 22157132.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Xu S, Shetterly S, Powers D, Raebel MA, Tsai TT, Ho PM, Magid D. Extension of Kaplan-Meier methods in observational studies with time-varying treatment. Value Health. 2012 Jan; 15(1):167-74. PMID: 22264985.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Raebel MA, Ellis JL, Carroll NM, Bayliss EA, McGinnis B, Schroeder EB, Shetterly S, Xu S, Steiner JF. Characteristics of patients with primary non-adherence to medications for hypertension, diabetes, and lipid disorders. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jan; 27(1):57-64. PMID: 21879374.
      Citations: 49     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Hambidge SJ, Daley MF, Narwaney KJ, Xu S, Lee GM, Baggs J, Klein NP, Nordin JD, Naleway AL, Belongia EA, Weintraub ES. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children aged 24 to 59 months in the vaccine safety datalink. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Aug; 165(8):749-55. PMID: 21810637.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    76. Rost K, Hsieh YP, Xu S, Menachemi N, Young AS. Potential disparities in the management of schizophrenia in the United States. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Jun; 62(6):613-8. PMID: 21632729.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Rost K, Hsieh YP, Xu S, Harman J. Gender differences in hospitalization after emergency room visits for depressive symptoms. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 May; 20(5):719-24. PMID: 21417934.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Estabrooks PA, Glasgow RE, Xu S, Dzewaltowski DA, Lee RE, Thomas D, Almeida FA, Thayer AN, Smith-Ray RL. Building a multiple modality, theory-based physical activity intervention: The development of CardiACTION! Psychol Sport Exerc. 2011 Jan 01; 12(1):46-53. PMID: 22473308.
      Citations: 6     
    79. Xu S, Zhang L, Nelson JC, Zeng C, Mullooly J, McClure D, Glanz J. Identifying optimal risk windows for self-controlled case series studies of vaccine safety. Stat Med. 2011 Mar 30; 30(7):742-52. PMID: 21394750.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Raebel MA, Smith ML, Saylor G, Wright LA, Cheetham C, Blanchette CM, Xu S. The positive predictive value of a hyperkalemia diagnosis in automated health care data. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Nov; 19(11):1204-8. PMID: 20878650.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Tsai TT, Ho PM, Xu S, Powers JD, Carroll NM, Shetterly SM, Maddox TM, Rumsfeld JS, Margolis K, Go AS, Magid DJ. Increased risk of bleeding in patients on clopidogrel therapy after drug-eluting stents implantation: insights from the HMO Research Network-Stent Registry (HMORN-stent). Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jun 01; 3(3):230-5. PMID: 20442361.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. Raebel MA, Ross C, Xu S, Roblin DW, Cheetham C, Blanchette CM, Saylor G, Smith DH. Diabetes and drug-associated hyperkalemia: effect of potassium monitoring. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Apr; 25(4):326-33. PMID: 20087674.
      Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Xu S, Rost K, Dong F, Dickinson LM. Stakeholder benefit from depression disease management: differences by rurality? J Behav Health Serv Res. 2011 Jan; 38(1):114-21. PMID: 20052619.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    84. Raebel MA, Ross C, Cheetham C, Petersen H, Saylor G, Smith DH, Wright LA, Roblin DW, Xu S. Increasingly restrictive definitions of hyperkalemia outcomes in a database study: effect on incidence estimates. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Jan; 19(1):19-25. PMID: 19937982.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Fortney JC, Harman JS, Xu S, Dong F. The association between rural residence and the use, type, and quality of depression care. J Rural Health. 2010; 26(3):205-13. PMID: 20633088.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Xu S, Ross C, Raebel MA, Shetterly S, Blanchette C, Smith D. Use of stabilized inverse propensity scores as weights to directly estimate relative risk and its confidence intervals. Value Health. 2010 Mar-Apr; 13(2):273-7. PMID: 19912596.
      Citations: 201     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    87. Fortney JC, Xu S, Dong F. Community-level correlates of hospitalizations for persons with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 2009 Jun; 60(6):772-8. PMID: 19487346.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Estabrooks PA, Shoup JA, Gattshall M, Dandamudi P, Shetterly S, Xu S. Automated telephone counseling for parents of overweight children: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Jan; 36(1):35-42. PMID: 19095163.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. McClure DL, Glanz JM, Xu S, Hambidge SJ, Mullooly JP, Baggs J. Comparison of epidemiologic methods for active surveillance of vaccine safety. Vaccine. 2008 Jun 19; 26(26):3341-5. PMID: 18462849.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    90. Glanz J, France E, Xu S, Hayes T, Hambidge S. A population-based, multisite cohort study of the predictors of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e506-12. PMID: 18310170.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. France EK, Glanz J, Xu S, Hambidge S, Yamasaki K, Black SB, Marcy M, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA, Nordin J, Belongia EA, Hohman K, Chen RT, Davis R. Risk of immune thrombocytopenic purpura after measles-mumps-rubella immunization in children. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e687-92. PMID: 18310189.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. Xu S, Jones RH, Grunwald GK. Analysis of longitudinal count data with serial correlation. Biom J. 2007 Jun; 49(3):416-28. PMID: 17623346.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    93. Sills MR, Shetterly S, Xu S, Magid D, Kempe A. Association between parental depression and children's health care use. Pediatrics. 2007 Apr; 119(4):e829-36. PMID: 17403826.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    94. Graham A, Goss C, Xu S, Magid DJ, DiGuiseppi C. Effect of using different modes to administer the AUDIT-C on identification of hazardous drinking and acquiescence to trial participation among injured patients. Alcohol Alcohol. 2007 Sep-Oct; 42(5):423-9. PMID: 17341515.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    95. France EK, Smith-Ray R, McClure D, Hambidge S, Xu S, Yamasaki K, Shay D, Weintraub E, Fry AM, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA. Impact of maternal influenza vaccination during pregnancy on the incidence of acute respiratory illness visits among infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Dec; 160(12):1277-83. PMID: 17146026.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    96. Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, France EK, McClure D, Xu S, Yamasaki K, Jackson L, Mullooly JP, Zangwill KM, Marcy SM, Black SB, Lewis EM, Shinefield HR, Belongia E, Nordin J, Chen RT, Shay DK, Davis RL, DeStefano F. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months old. JAMA. 2006 Oct 25; 296(16):1990-7. PMID: 17062862.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    97. Glanz JM, McClure DL, Xu S, Hambidge SJ, Lee M, Kolczak MS, Kleinman K, Mullooly JP, France EK. Four different study designs to evaluate vaccine safety were equally validated with contrasting limitations. J Clin Epidemiol. 2006 Aug; 59(8):808-18. PMID: 16828674.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. Lin ND, Kleinman K, Chan KA, Yu XJ, France EK, Xu S, Wei F, Mullooly J, Santoli J, Lieu TA. Impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on immunization coverage among infants. BMC Pediatr. 2005 Nov 28; 5:43. PMID: 16313673.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    99. Estabrooks PA, Nelson CC, Xu S, King D, Bayliss EA, Gaglio B, Nutting PA, Glasgow RE. The frequency and behavioral outcomes of goal choices in the self-management of diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2005 May-Jun; 31(3):391-400. PMID: 15919639.
      Citations: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    100. Price DW, Xu S, McClure D. Effect of CME on primary care and OB/GYN treatment of breast masses. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2005; 25(4):240-7. PMID: 16365900.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. France EK, Glanz JM, Xu S, Davis RL, Black SB, Shinefield HR, Zangwill KM, Marcy SM, Mullooly JP, Jackson LA, Chen R. Safety of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine among children: a population-based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Nov; 158(11):1031-6. PMID: 15520339.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    102. Raebel MA, Malone DC, Conner DA, Xu S, Porter JA, Lanty FA. Health services use and health care costs of obese and nonobese individuals. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Oct 25; 164(19):2135-40. PMID: 15505127.
      Citations: 65     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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