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Candyce H Kroenke MPH, ScD

TitleResearch Scientist II
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northern California
DepartmentDivision of Research
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-6128-3118 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    University of California, San Francisco and BerkeleyPopulation Health
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MAScDEpidemiology
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MAMPHEpidemiology
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MABASociology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Candyce Kroenke, MPH, ScD, is a research scientist at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research (DOR). Social determinants including social networks, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status have been reliably related to differences in cancer survival. Dr. Kroenke’s research focuses on understanding these relationships as well as the behavioral, biological, and treatment-related factors underlying associations. Dr. Kroenke’s work further considers the influence of lifestyle and behavioral factors on cancer survivorship.

    She is currently the Principal Investigator (PI) of a study funded by the National Cancer Institute examining the influence of social networks on breast cancer treatment and prognosis. She is also PI of the Investigating Network Support In Gaps in Health and Treatment in Breast Cancer (INSIGHT-BC) study, funded by the American Cancer Society, which examines the role of social networks in racial disparities in breast cancer treatment and survival. She is additionally co-Investigator on several grants evaluating the role of body composition in colorectal and breast cancer prognosis. Dr. Kroenke received her doctorate in Epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health and her master’s and undergraduate degrees in Epidemiology and Sociology from the University of Minnesota. Prior to her work at the Division of Research, she was an instructor at the Harvard Medical School and a Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar at the University of California, San Francisco/Berkeley site.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R03CA171771     (KROENKE, CANDYCE H)Sep 19, 2012 - Aug 31, 2014
    NIH/NCI
    Social Networks &Breast Cancer Prognosis in the Chinese and US Evaluation Study
    Role: Principal Investigator

    K07CA187403     (KROENKE, CANDYCE H)Aug 14, 2015 - Jul 31, 2020
    NIH/NCI
    Social networks, breast cancer treatment, and survival
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Iyengar NM, Arthur R, Manson JE, Chlebowski RT, Kroenke CH, Peterson L, Cheng TD, Feliciano EC, Lane D, Luo J, Nassir R, Pan K, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kamensky V, Rohan TE, Dannenberg AJ. Association of Body Fat and Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women With Normal Body Mass Index: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Observational Study. JAMA Oncol. 2018 Dec 06. PMID: 30520976.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Banack HR, Stokes A, Fox MP, Hovey KM, Cespedes Feliciano EM, LeBlanc ES, Bird C, Caan BJ, Kroenke CH, Allison MA, Going SB, Snetselaar L, Cheng TD, Chlebowski RT, Stefanick ML, LaMonte MJ, Wactawski-Wende J. Stratified Probabilistic Bias Analysis for Body Mass Index-related Exposure Misclassification in Postmenopausal Women. Epidemiology. 2018 09; 29(5):604-613. PMID: 29864084.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Cook MB, Barnett MJ, Bock CH, Cross AJ, Goodman PJ, Goodman GE, Haiman CA, Khaw KT, McCullough ML, Newton CC, Boutron-Ruault MC, Lund E, Rutegård M, Thornquist MD, Spriggs M, Giffen C, Freedman ND, Kemp T, Kroenke CH, Le Marchand L, Park JY, Simon M, Wilkens LR, Pinto L, Hildesheim A, Campbell PT. Prediagnostic circulating markers of inflammation and risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma: a study within the National Cancer Institute Cohort Consortium. Gut. 2018 Aug 18. PMID: 30121626.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kroenke CH. A conceptual model of social networks and mechanisms of cancer mortality, and potential strategies to improve survival. Transl Behav Med. 2018 Jul 17; 8(4):629-642. PMID: 30016520.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Caan BJ, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Prado CM, Alexeeff S, Kroenke CH, Bradshaw P, Quesenberry CP, Weltzien EK, Castillo AL, Olobatuyi TA, Chen WY. Association of Muscle and Adiposity Measured by Computed Tomography With Survival in Patients With Nonmetastatic Breast Cancer. JAMA Oncol. 2018 Jun 01; 4(6):798-804. PMID: 29621380.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kroenke CH, Prado CM, Meyerhardt JA, Weltzien EK, Xiao J, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Caan BJ. Muscle radiodensity and mortality in patients with colorectal cancer. Cancer. 2018 Jul 15; 124(14):3008-3015. PMID: 29797673.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Kiridly-Calderbank JF, Sturgeon SR, Kroenke CH, Reeves KW. Antidepressant Use and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 Aug; 27(8):892-898. PMID: 29789327.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Brown JC, Caan BJ, Meyerhardt JA, Weltzien E, Xiao J, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Castillo A, Kwan ML, Prado CM. The deterioration of muscle mass and radiodensity is prognostic of poor survival in stage I-III colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort study (C-SCANS). J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2018 Aug; 9(4):664-672. PMID: 29766660.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Caan BJ. The Obesity Paradox in Cancer: How Important Is Muscle? Annu Rev Nutr. 2018 Aug 21; 38:357-379. PMID: 29727593.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Xiao J, Caan BJ, Weltzien E, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Meyerhardt JA, Baracos VE, Kwan ML, Castillo AL, Prado CM. Associations of pre-existing co-morbidities with skeletal muscle mass and radiodensity in patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancer. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2018 Aug; 9(4):654-663. PMID: 29675984.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Kroenke CH, Hershman DL, Gomez SL, Adams SR, Eldridge EH, Kwan ML, Ergas IJ, Kubo A, Kushi LH. Personal and clinical social support and adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy among hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients in an integrated health care system. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Aug; 170(3):623-631. PMID: 29671113.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Caan BJ. The Plausibility of the Obesity Paradox in Cancer-Response-Reply to Point. Cancer Res. 2018 Apr 15; 78(8):1904-1905. PMID: 29654152.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Caan BJ, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH. The Importance of Body Composition in Explaining the Overweight Paradox in Cancer-Counterpoint. Cancer Res. 2018 Apr 15; 78(8):1906-1912. PMID: 29654153.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Busch EL, Whitsel EA, Kroenke CH, Yang YC. Social relationships, inflammation markers, and breast cancer incidence in the Women's Health Initiative. Breast. 2018 Jun; 39:63-69. PMID: 29614476.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bea JW, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Wertheim BC, Klimentidis Y, Chen Z, Zaslavsky O, Manini TM, Womack CR, Kroenke CH, LaCroix AZ, Thomson CA. Associations between ACE-Inhibitors, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers, and Lean Body Mass in Community Dwelling Older Women. J Aging Res. 2018; 2018:8491092. PMID: 29670769.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Paskett ED, Caan BJ, Johnson L, Bernardo BM, Young GS, Pennell ML, Ray RM, Kroenke CH, Porter PL, Anderson GL. The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Life and Longevity After Cancer (LILAC) Study: Description and Baseline Characteristics of Participants. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 02; 27(2):125-137. PMID: 29378785.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Zheng J, Tabung FK, Zhang J, Liese AD, Shivappa N, Ockene JK, Caan B, Kroenke CH, Hébert JR, Steck SE. Association between Post-Cancer Diagnosis Dietary Inflammatory Potential and Mortality among Invasive Breast Cancer Survivors in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 Apr; 27(4):454-463. PMID: 29358225.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Feliciano EMC, Kroenke CH, Meyerhardt JA, Prado CM, Bradshaw PT, Kwan ML, Xiao J, Alexeeff S, Corley D, Weltzien E, Castillo AL, Caan BJ. Association of Systemic Inflammation and Sarcopenia With Survival in Nonmetastatic Colorectal Cancer: Results From the C SCANS Study. JAMA Oncol. 2017 12 01; 3(12):e172319. PMID: 28796857.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Pedersen JM, Budtz-Jørgensen E, De Roos A, Garcia L, Lund R, Rod NH, Kroenke C, Chan KHK, Liu S, Michael Y. Understanding the relation between socioeconomic position and inflammation in post-menopausal women: education, income and occupational prestige. Eur J Public Health. 2017 12 01; 27(6):1074-1079. PMID: 29186460.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Tindle HA, Duncan MS, Liu S, Kuller LH, Fugate Woods N, Rapp SR, Kroenke CH, Coday M, Loucks EB, Lamonte MJ, Progovac AM, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Walitt BT, Yuo NY, Freiberg MS. Optimism, pessimism, cynical hostility, and biomarkers of metabolic function in the Women's Health Initiative. J Diabetes. 2018 Jun; 10(6):512-523. PMID: 28703425.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Lee VS, Prado CM, Meyerhardt JA, Alexeeff S, Kroenke CH, Xiao J, Castillo AL, Caan BJ. Muscle mass at the time of diagnosis of nonmetastatic colon cancer and early discontinuation of chemotherapy, delays, and dose reductions on adjuvant FOLFOX: The C-SCANS study. Cancer. 2017 Dec 15; 123(24):4868-4877. PMID: 28881381.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Prentice RL, Aragaki AK, Neuhouser ML, Banack HR, Kroenke CH, Ho GYF, Zaslavsky O, Strickler HD, Cheng TD, Chlebowski RT, Saquib N, Nassir R, Anderson G, Caan BJ. Methodological considerations for disentangling a risk factor's influence on disease incidence versus postdiagnosis survival: The example of obesity and breast and colorectal cancer mortality in the Women's Health Initiative. Int J Cancer. 2017 12 01; 141(11):2281-2290. PMID: 28833074.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Caan BJ, Meyerhardt JA, Kroenke CH, Alexeeff S, Xiao J, Weltzien E, Feliciano EC, Castillo AL, Quesenberry CP, Kwan ML, Prado CM. Explaining the Obesity Paradox: The Association between Body Composition and Colorectal Cancer Survival (C-SCANS Study). Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 07; 26(7):1008-1015. PMID: 28506965.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Martínez ME, Unkart JT, Tao L, Kroenke CH, Schwab R, Komenaka I, Gomez SL. Prognostic significance of marital status in breast cancer survival: A population-based study. PLoS One. 2017; 12(5):e0175515. PMID: 28475579.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Kroenke CH, Caan BJ, Prado C. The Optimal Body Mass Index Range for Patients With Colorectal Cancer-Reply. JAMA Oncol. 2017 May 01; 3(5):708. PMID: 28006060.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Shariff-Marco S, Von Behren J, Reynolds P, Keegan TH, Hertz A, Kwan ML, Roh JM, Thomsen C, Kroenke CH, Ambrosone C, Kushi LH, Gomez SL. Impact of Social and Built Environment Factors on Body Size among Breast Cancer Survivors: The Pathways Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 04; 26(4):505-515. PMID: 28154107.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Liang X, Margolis KL, Hendryx M, Rohan TE, Groessl EJ, Thomson CA, Kroenke CH, Simon MS, Lane D, Stefanick M, Luo J. Metabolic Phenotype and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Normal-Weight Postmenopausal Women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 02; 26(2):155-161. PMID: 28148595.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Caan BJ, Kroenke CH. Next Steps in Understanding the Obesity Paradox in Cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 01; 26(1):12. PMID: 28069726.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Meyerhardt JA, Kroenke CH, Prado CM, Kwan ML, Castillo A, Weltzien E, Cespedes Feliciano EM, Xiao J, Caan BJ. Association of Weight Change after Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis and Outcomes in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Population. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 01; 26(1):30-37. PMID: 27986654.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Kroenke CH, Michael YL, Poole EM, Kwan ML, Nechuta S, Leas E, Caan BJ, Pierce J, Shu XO, Zheng Y, Chen WY. Postdiagnosis social networks and breast cancer mortality in the After Breast Cancer Pooling Project. Cancer. 2017 Apr 01; 123(7):1228-1237. PMID: 27943274.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Meyerhardt JA, Prado CM, Bradshaw PT, Dannenberg AJ, Kwan ML, Xiao J, Quesenberry C, Weltzien EK, Castillo AL, Caan BJ. Metabolic Dysfunction, Obesity, and Survival Among Patients With Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Oct 20; 34(30):3664-3671. PMID: 27601537.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Kroenke CH, Neugebauer R, Meyerhardt J, Prado CM, Weltzien E, Kwan ML, Xiao J, Caan BJ. Analysis of Body Mass Index and Mortality in Patients With Colorectal Cancer Using Causal Diagrams. JAMA Oncol. 2016 Sep 01; 2(9):1137-45. PMID: 27196302; PMCID: PMC5016213 [Available on 09/01/17].
    33. Cespedes Feliciano EM, Kroenke CH, Bradshaw PT, Chen WY, Prado CM, Weltzien EK, Castillo AL, Caan BJ. Postdiagnosis Weight Change and Survival Following a Diagnosis of Early-Stage Breast Cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 01; 26(1):44-50. PMID: 27566419.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Jones LW, Kwan ML, Weltzien E, Chandarlapaty S, Sternfeld B, Sweeney C, Bernard PS, Castillo A, Habel LA, Kroenke CH, Langholz BM, Queensberry CP, Dang C, Weigelt B, Kushi LH, Caan BJ. Exercise and Prognosis on the Basis of Clinicopathologic and Molecular Features in Early-Stage Breast Cancer: The LACE and Pathways Studies. Cancer Res. 2016 09 15; 76(18):5415-22. PMID: 27488523; PMCID: PMC5026589 [Available on 09/15/17].
    35. Jabson JM, Bowen D, Weinberg J, Kroenke C, Luo J, Messina C, Shumaker S, Tindle HA. Psychosocial Clusters and their Associations with Well-Being and Health: An Empirical Strategy for Identifying Psychosocial Predictors Most Relevant to Racially/Ethnically Diverse Women's Health. Clin Med Insights Womens Health. 2016; 9(Suppl 1):31-40. PMID: 27279761; PMCID: PMC4896535.
    36. Jones LW, Habel LA, Weltzien E, Castillo A, Gupta D, Kroenke CH, Kwan ML, Quesenberry CP, Scott J, Sternfeld B, Yu A, Kushi LH, Caan BJ. Exercise and Risk of Cardiovascular Events in Women With Nonmetastatic Breast Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2016 08 10; 34(23):2743-9. PMID: 27217451.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kocarnik JM, Chan AT, Slattery ML, Potter JD, Meyerhardt J, Phipps A, Nan H, Harrison T, Rohan TE, Qi L, Hou L, Caan B, Kroenke CH, Strickler H, Hayes RB, Schoen RE, Chong DQ, White E, Berndt SI, Peters U, Newcomb PA. Relationship of prediagnostic body mass index with survival after colorectal cancer: Stage-specific associations. Int J Cancer. 2016 09 01; 139(5):1065-72. PMID: 27121247.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Parikh NI, Jeppson RP, Berger JS, Eaton CB, Kroenke CH, LeBlanc ES, Lewis CE, Loucks EB, Parker DR, Rillamas-Sun E, Ryckman KK, Waring ME, Schenken RS, Johnson KC, Edstedt-Bonamy AK, Allison MA, Howard BV. Reproductive Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Circulation. 2016 May 31; 133(22):2149-58. PMID: 27143682; PMCID: PMC4889516 [Available on 05/31/17].
    39. Phipps AI, Bhatti P, Neuhouser ML, Chen C, Crane TE, Kroenke CH, Ochs-Balcom H, Rissling M, Snively BM, Stefanick ML, Treggiari MM, Watson NF. Pre-diagnostic Sleep Duration and Sleep Quality in Relation to Subsequent Cancer Survival. J Clin Sleep Med. 2016 Apr 15; 12(4):495-503. PMID: 26612513; PMCID: PMC4795275 [Available on 10/15/16].
    40. Purcell SA, Elliott SA, Kroenke CH, Sawyer MB, Prado CM. Impact of Body Weight and Body Composition on Ovarian Cancer Prognosis. Curr Oncol Rep. 2016 Feb; 18(2):8. PMID: 26769113.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Kroenke CH, Michael YL, Shu XO, Poole EM, Kwan ML, Nechuta S, Caan BJ, Pierce JP, Chen WY. Post-diagnosis social networks, and lifestyle and treatment factors in the After Breast Cancer Pooling Project. Psychooncology. 2017 04; 26(4):544-552. PMID: 26749519.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Kroenke CH, Chubak J, Johnson L, Castillo A, Weltzien E, Caan BJ. Enhancing Breast Cancer Recurrence Algorithms Through Selective Use of Medical Record Data. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2016 Mar; 108(3). PMID: 26582243.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Santiago-Torres M, Tinker LF, Allison MA, Breymeyer KL, Garcia L, Kroenke CH, Lampe JW, Shikany JM, Van Horn L, Neuhouser ML. Development and Use of a Traditional Mexican Diet Score in Relation to Systemic Inflammation and Insulin Resistance among Women of Mexican Descent. J Nutr. 2015 Dec; 145(12):2732-40. PMID: 26491126.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Gomez SL, Shariff-Marco S, Von Behren J, Kwan ML, Kroenke CH, Keegan TH, Reynolds P, Kushi LH. Representativeness of breast cancer cases in an integrated health care delivery system. BMC Cancer. 2015 Oct 14; 15:688. PMID: 26467773.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Carty CL, Kooperberg C, Liu J, Herndon M, Assimes T, Hou L, Kroenke CH, LaCroix AZ, Kimura M, Aviv A, Reiner AP. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Risks of Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Mortality in a Racially Diverse Population of Postmenopausal Women. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2015 Oct; 35(10):2225-31. PMID: 26249011; PMCID: PMC4713196 [Available on 10/01/16].
    46. Kwan ML, Bernard PS, Kroenke CH, Factor RE, Habel LA, Weltzien EK, Castillo A, Gunderson EP, Maxfield KS, Stijleman IJ, Langholz BM, Quesenberry CP, Kushi LH, Sweeney C, Caan BJ. Breastfeeding, PAM50 tumor subtype, and breast cancer prognosis and survival. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2015 Jul; 107(7). PMID: 25921910; PMCID: PMC4554253.
    47. Kwan ML, Kroenke CH, Sweeney C, Bernard PS, Weltzien EK, Castillo A, Factor RE, Maxfield KS, Stijleman IJ, Kushi LH, Quesenberry CP, Habel LA, Caan BJ. Association of high obesity with PAM50 breast cancer intrinsic subtypes and gene expression. BMC Cancer. 2015 Apr 14; 15:278. PMID: 25884832; PMCID: PMC4403771.
    48. Rosso AL, Lee BK, Stefanick ML, Kroenke CH, Coker LH, Woods NF, Michael YL. Caregiving frequency and physical function: the Women's Health Initiative. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Feb; 70(2):210-5. PMID: 25060315; PMCID: PMC4311185.
    49. Parker DR, Lu B, Sands-Lincoln M, Kroenke CH, Lee CC, O'Sullivan M, Park HL, Parikh N, Schenken RS, Eaton CB. Risk of cardiovascular disease among postmenopausal women with prior pregnancy loss: the women's health initiative. Ann Fam Med. 2014 Jul; 12(4):302-9. PMID: 25024237; PMCID: PMC4096466.
    50. Kershaw KN, Brenes GA, Charles LE, Coday M, Daviglus ML, Denburg NL, Kroenke CH, Safford MM, Savla T, Tindle HA, Tinker LF, Van Horn L. Associations of stressful life events and social strain with incident cardiovascular disease in the Women's Health Initiative. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 Jun 27; 3(3):e000687. PMID: 24973226; PMCID: PMC4309050.
    51. Young A, Weltzien E, Kwan M, Castillo A, Caan B, Kroenke CH. Pre- to post-diagnosis weight change and associations with physical functional limitations in breast cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2014 Dec; 8(4):539-47. PMID: 24806261; PMCID: PMC4221554.
    52. Kroenke CH, Sweeney C, Kwan ML, Quesenberry CP, Weltzien EK, Habel LA, Castillo A, Bernard PS, Factor RE, Kushi LH, Caan BJ. Race and breast cancer survival by intrinsic subtype based on PAM50 gene expression. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2014 Apr; 144(3):689-99. PMID: 24604094; PMCID: PMC4035036.
    53. Caan BJ, Sweeney C, Habel LA, Kwan ML, Kroenke CH, Weltzien EK, Quesenberry CP, Castillo A, Factor RE, Kushi LH, Bernard PS. Intrinsic subtypes from the PAM50 gene expression assay in a population-based breast cancer survivor cohort: prognostication of short- and long-term outcomes. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 May; 23(5):725-34. PMID: 24521998; PMCID: PMC4105204.
    54. George SM, Ballard-Barbash R, Shikany JM, Caan BJ, Freudenheim JL, Kroenke CH, Vitolins MZ, Beresford SA, Neuhouser ML. Better postdiagnosis diet quality is associated with reduced risk of death among postmenopausal women with invasive breast cancer in the women's health initiative. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 Apr; 23(4):575-83. PMID: 24493629.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Rillamas-Sun E, LaCroix AZ, Waring ME, Kroenke CH, LaMonte MJ, Vitolins MZ, Seguin R, Bell CL, Gass M, Manini TM, Masaki KH, Wallace RB. Obesity and late-age survival without major disease or disability in older women. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jan; 174(1):98-106. PMID: 24217806; PMCID: PMC3963496.
    56. Friedman GD, Schwalbe J, Achacoso N, Meng MV, Kroenke CH, Habel LA. Antidepressants and testicular cancer. Cancer Causes Control. 2014 Feb; 25(2):251-8. PMID: 24276357; PMCID: PMC3922298.
    57. Kroenke CH, Caan BJ. Re: High- and low-fat dairy intake, recurrence, and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis. Response. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Nov 20; 105(22):1761-2. PMID: 24115359; PMCID: PMC3833930.
    58. Saquib N, Brunner R, Kubo J, Tindle H, Kroenke C, Desai M, Daviglus ML, Allen N, Martin LW, Robinson J, Stefanick ML. Self-perceived physical health predicts cardiovascular disease incidence and death among postmenopausal women. BMC Public Health. 2013 May 14; 13:468. PMID: 23672763; PMCID: PMC3706392.
    59. Kroenke CH, Kwan ML, Neugut AI, Ergas IJ, Wright JD, Caan BJ, Hershman D, Kushi LH. Social networks, social support mechanisms, and quality of life after breast cancer diagnosis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2013 Jun; 139(2):515-27. PMID: 23657404; PMCID: PMC3906043.
    60. Kroenke CH, Kwan ML, Sweeney C, Castillo A, Caan BJ. High- and low-fat dairy intake, recurrence, and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 May 01; 105(9):616-23. PMID: 23492346; PMCID: PMC3639864.
    61. Vin-Raviv N, Hillyer GC, Hershman DL, Galea S, Leoce N, Bovbjerg DH, Kushi LH, Kroenke C, Lamerato L, Ambrosone CB, Valdimorsdottir H, Jandorf L, Mandelblatt JS, Tsai WY, Neugut AI. Racial disparities in posttraumatic stress after diagnosis of localized breast cancer: the BQUAL study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Apr 17; 105(8):563-72. PMID: 23434900; PMCID: PMC3627645.
    62. Jacobs EG, Kroenke C, Lin J, Epel ES, Kenna HA, Blackburn EH, Rasgon NL. Accelerated cell aging in female APOE-e4 carriers: implications for hormone therapy use. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e54713. PMID: 23418430; PMCID: PMC3572118.
    63. Kroenke CH, Quesenberry C, Kwan ML, Sweeney C, Castillo A, Caan BJ. Social networks, social support, and burden in relationships, and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis in the Life After Breast Cancer Epidemiology (LACE) study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2013 Jan; 137(1):261-71. PMID: 23143212; PMCID: PMC4019377.
    64. Braithwaite D, Izano M, Moore DH, Kwan ML, Tammemagi MC, Hiatt RA, Kerlikowske K, Kroenke CH, Sweeney C, Habel L, Castillo A, Weltzien E, Caan B. Smoking and survival after breast cancer diagnosis: a prospective observational study and systematic review. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Nov; 136(2):521-33. PMID: 23053660; PMCID: PMC3507472.
    65. Kroenke CH, Caan BJ, Stefanick ML, Anderson G, Brzyski R, Johnson KC, LeBlanc E, Lee C, La Croix AZ, Park HL, Sims ST, Vitolins M, Wallace R. Effects of a dietary intervention and weight change on vasomotor symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative. Menopause. 2012 Sep; 19(9):980-8. PMID: 22781782; PMCID: PMC3428489.
    66. Caan BJ, Kwan ML, Shu XO, Pierce JP, Patterson RE, Nechuta SJ, Poole EM, Kroenke CH, Weltzien EK, Flatt SW, Quesenberry CP, Holmes MD, Chen WY. Weight change and survival after breast cancer in the after breast cancer pooling project. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Aug; 21(8):1260-71. PMID: 22695738; PMCID: PMC3433249.
    67. Kroenke CH, Seeman T, Matthews K, Adler N, Epel E. Mood patterns based on momentary assessment of positive and negative moods over a day and coronary artery calcification in the CARDIA study. Psychosom Med. 2012 Jun; 74(5):526-34. PMID: 22685242.
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    68. Braithwaite D, Moore DH, Satariano WA, Kwan ML, Hiatt RA, Kroenke C, Caan BJ. Prognostic impact of comorbidity among long-term breast cancer survivors: results from the LACE study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Jul; 21(7):1115-25. PMID: 22573797; PMCID: PMC3470873.
    69. Kroenke CH, Michael Y, Tindle H, Gage E, Chlebowski R, Garcia L, Messina C, Manson JE, Caan BJ. Social networks, social support and burden in relationships, and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 May; 133(1):375-85. PMID: 22331479; PMCID: PMC4856003.
    70. Kwan ML, Chen WY, Kroenke CH, Weltzien EK, Beasley JM, Nechuta SJ, Poole EM, Lu W, Holmes MD, Quesenberry CP, Pierce JP, Shu XO, Caan BJ. Pre-diagnosis body mass index and survival after breast cancer in the After Breast Cancer Pooling Project. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Apr; 132(2):729-39. PMID: 22187127; PMCID: PMC3507508.
    71. Kroenke CH, Pletcher MJ, Lin J, Blackburn E, Adler N, Matthews K, Epel E. Telomerase, telomere length, and coronary artery calcium in black and white men in the CARDIA study. Atherosclerosis. 2012 Feb; 220(2):506-12. PMID: 22178426.
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    72. Beasley JM, Kwan ML, Chen WY, Weltzien EK, Kroenke CH, Lu W, Nechuta SJ, Cadmus-Bertram L, Patterson RE, Sternfeld B, Shu XO, Pierce JP, Caan BJ. Meeting the physical activity guidelines and survival after breast cancer: findings from the after breast cancer pooling project. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 Jan; 131(2):637-43. PMID: 21935600; PMCID: PMC3272362.
    73. Kroenke CH, Epel E, Adler N, Bush NR, Obradovic J, Lin J, Blackburn E, Stamperdahl JL, Boyce WT. Autonomic and adrenocortical reactivity and buccal cell telomere length in kindergarten children. Psychosom Med. 2011 Sep; 73(7):533-40. PMID: 21873585; PMCID: PMC3212037.
    74. Lin J, Kroenke CH, Epel E, Kenna HA, Wolkowitz OM, Blackburn E, Rasgon NL. Greater endogenous estrogen exposure is associated with longer telomeres in postmenopausal women at risk for cognitive decline. Brain Res. 2011 Mar 16; 1379:224-31. PMID: 20965155; PMCID: PMC3057451.
    75. Lin J, Epel E, Cheon J, Kroenke C, Sinclair E, Bigos M, Wolkowitz O, Mellon S, Blackburn E. Analyses and comparisons of telomerase activity and telomere length in human T and B cells: insights for epidemiology of telomere maintenance. J Immunol Methods. 2010 Jan 31; 352(1-2):71-80. PMID: 19837074; PMCID: PMC3280689.
    76. Whang W, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Rexrode KM, Kroenke CH, Glynn RJ, Garan H, Albert CM. Depression and risk of sudden cardiac death and coronary heart disease in women: results from the Nurses' Health Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Mar 17; 53(11):950-8. PMID: 19281925; PMCID: PMC2664253.
    77. Kroenke CH, Kubzansky LD, Adler N, Kawachi I. Prospective change in health-related quality of life and subsequent mortality among middle-aged and older women. Am J Public Health. 2008 Nov; 98(11):2085-91. PMID: 18511734; PMCID: PMC2636439.
    78. Kroenke C. Socioeconomic status and health: youth development and neomaterialist and psychosocial mechanisms. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Jan; 66(1):31-42. PMID: 17868964.
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    79. Holmes MD, Murin S, Chen WY, Kroenke CH, Spiegelman D, Colditz GA. Smoking and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Int J Cancer. 2007 Jun 15; 120(12):2672-7. PMID: 17278091.
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    80. Kroenke CH, Spiegelman D, Manson J, Schernhammer ES, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. Work characteristics and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Jan 15; 165(2):175-83. PMID: 17071844.
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    81. Buettner C, Kroenke CH, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Eisenberg DM, Holmes MD. Correlates of use of different types of complementary and alternative medicine by breast cancer survivors in the nurses' health study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2006 Nov; 100(2):219-27. PMID: 16821087.
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    82. Nekhlyudov L, Kroenke CH, Jung I, Holmes MD, Colditz GA. Prospective changes in quality of life after ductal carcinoma-in-situ: results from the Nurses' Health Study. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jun 20; 24(18):2822-7. PMID: 16782920.
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    83. Schernhammer ES, Kroenke CH, Dowsett M, Folkerd E, Hankinson SE. Urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin levels and their correlations with lifestyle factors and steroid hormone levels. J Pineal Res. 2006 Mar; 40(2):116-24. PMID: 16441548.
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    84. Kroenke CH, Kubzansky LD, Schernhammer ES, Holmes MD, Kawachi I. Social networks, social support, and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Mar 01; 24(7):1105-11. PMID: 16505430.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Schernhammer ES, Kroenke CH, Laden F, Hankinson SE. Night work and risk of breast cancer. Epidemiology. 2006 Jan; 17(1):108-11. PMID: 16357603.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Kroenke CH, Fung TT, Hu FB, Holmes MD. Dietary patterns and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Dec 20; 23(36):9295-303. PMID: 16361628.
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    87. Steffen LM, Kroenke CH, Yu X, Pereira MA, Slattery ML, Van Horn L, Gross MD, Jacobs DR. Associations of plant food, dairy product, and meat intakes with 15-y incidence of elevated blood pressure in young black and white adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec; 82(6):1169-77; quiz 1363-4. PMID: 16332648.
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    88. Kroenke CH, Bennett GG, Fuchs C, Giovannucci E, Kawachi I, Schernhammer E, Holmes MD, Kubzansky LD. Depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal cancer in women. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Nov 01; 162(9):839-48. PMID: 16207809.
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    89. Megdal SP, Kroenke CH, Laden F, Pukkala E, Schernhammer ES. Night work and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Cancer. 2005 Sep; 41(13):2023-32. PMID: 16084719.
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    90. Holmes MD, Chen WY, Feskanich D, Kroenke CH, Colditz GA. Physical activity and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. JAMA. 2005 May 25; 293(20):2479-86. PMID: 15914748.
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    91. Kroenke CH, Chen WY, Rosner B, Holmes MD. Weight, weight gain, and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Mar 01; 23(7):1370-8. PMID: 15684320.
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    92. Schernhammer ES, Hankinson SE, Rosner B, Kroenke CH, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Kawachi I. Job stress and breast cancer risk: the nurses' health study. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Dec 01; 160(11):1079-86. PMID: 15561987.
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    93. Kroenke CH, Hankinson SE, Schernhammer ES, Colditz GA, Kawachi I, Holmes MD. Caregiving stress, endogenous sex steroid hormone levels, and breast cancer incidence. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Jun 01; 159(11):1019-27. PMID: 15155286.
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    94. Kroenke CH, Rosner B, Chen WY, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Holmes MD. Functional impact of breast cancer by age at diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2004 May 15; 22(10):1849-56. PMID: 15143077.
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    95. Holmes MD, Kroenke CH. Beyond treatment: lifestyle choices after breast cancer to enhance quality of life and survival. Womens Health Issues. 2004 Jan-Feb; 14(1):11-3. PMID: 15001183.
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    96. Kroenke CH, Chu NF, Rifai N, Spiegelman D, Hankinson SE, Manson JE, Rimm EB. A cross-sectional study of alcohol consumption patterns and biologic markers of glycemic control among 459 women. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul; 26(7):1971-8. PMID: 12832298.
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    97. Ludwig DS, Pereira MA, Kroenke CH, Hilner JE, Van Horn L, Slattery ML, Jacobs DR. Dietary fiber, weight gain, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in young adults. JAMA. 1999 Oct 27; 282(16):1539-46. PMID: 10546693.
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    98. Jacobs DR, Kroenke C, Crow R, Deshpande M, Gu DF, Gatewood L, Blackburn H. PREDICT: A simple risk score for clinical severity and long-term prognosis after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina: the Minnesota heart survey. Circulation. 1999 Aug 10; 100(6):599-607. PMID: 10441096.
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