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Stephen P Fortmann, MD

TitleSenior Investigator
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northwest
DepartmentCenter for Health Research - Northwest
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-1327-9341 Additional info
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    Other Positions
    TitleSenior Director, Science Programs
    InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northwest
    DepartmentCenter for Health Research - Northwest

    TitleCenter for Health Research Distinguished Investigator
    InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northwest
    DepartmentCenter for Health Research - Northwest


    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Dr. Stephen Fortmann is an internist and epidemiologist who conducts research on heart disease prevention. He has conducted both population- and individual-level studies of cardiovascular risk factors and disease rates, smoking cessation, health education through the mass media, and exercise and diet change. He is also an expert on the clinical management of lipid disorders.

    Since coming to the Center for Health Research in 2010, Dr. Fortmann has focused on community-based research. He is a co-investigator on a study of diabetes incidence, treatment, and complications in South Asians, Chinese, and other Asian ethnic subgroups in California and a study of diabetes disparities in Asian and Pacific Islander populations in Hawaii. He is a co-investigator on the Community Health Applied Research Network Data Coordinating Center (CHARN), the data hub for a network of federally qualified health centers and their university partners established to facilitate research among underserved populations. He is also a co-investigator on a study examining whether the Oregon Medicaid “lottery” differentially affected established community health center patients, and how insurance coverage is associated with receipt of preventive services among these patients.

    He serves as principal investigator of the scientific coordinating center for the federal Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) program, funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The CERTs program draws together six research centers across the U.S. that conduct research on therapeutics.

    Dr. Fortmann has extensive experience leading interdisciplinary research, beginning with his work on the Stanford Five-City Project, a community cardiovascular disease prevention study funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. He also helped to initiate the World Health Organization’s MONICA Project, an international study of trends in heart disease rates. Most of his past work has been funded by the National Institutes of Health and the California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program.

    Dr. Fortmann has more than 30 years of experience directing community and clinical trials, and he has published more than 160 peer-reviewed journal articles.

    Dr. Fortmann came to CHR from Stanford University Medical School, where he was a faculty member and director of the Stanford Prevention Research Center and the Stanford Preventive Cardiology Clinic. He is now the C. F. Rehnborg Professor in Disease Prevention (Emeritus) at Stanford. In 2005, he was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science. Dr. Fortmann received his MD from the University of California, San Francisco, and postdoctoral training in cardiovascular disease prevention at Stanford University.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    T32HL007034     (GARDNER, CHRISTOPHER D)Jul 1, 1975 - Jul 31, 2021
    NIH/NHLBI
    Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Training Program
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01HL021906     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Jul 1, 1978 - Feb 28, 1999
    NIH/NHLBI
    MULTIFACTOR RISK REDUCTION STUDY
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01CA038303     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Sep 1, 1984 - Aug 31, 1990
    NIH/NCI
    A STUDY OF SELF-HELP SMOKING CESSATION AND MAINTENANCE
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL039770     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Sep 1, 1988 - Aug 31, 1994
    NIH/NHLBI
    \
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL046782     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Aug 16, 1991 - May 31, 1997
    NIH/NHLBI
    CVD NUTRITION EDUCATION
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HL047219     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Jun 5, 1992 - May 31, 1996
    NIH/NHLBI
    NICOTINE PATCH TREATMENT FOR SMOKING RELAPSE PREVENTION
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01CA064285     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Sep 25, 1995 - Dec 31, 2000
    NIH/NCI
    SMOKELESS TOBACCO--NICOTINE PATCH &SELF HELP TREATMENT
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01CA068968     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Sep 30, 1995 - Jun 30, 2000
    NIH/NCI
    HIGH DOSE NICOTINE REPLACEMENT FOR HEAVY SMOKERS
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01CA067850     (HENRIKSEN, LISA ANNE)Jun 1, 1997 - Jun 30, 2019
    NIH/NCI
    Impact of Retail Tobacco Advertising on Youth Smoking
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    U19HS021107     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)Sep 30, 2011 - Aug 31, 2016
    AHRQ
    The Center Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) Scientific Forum
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK103385     (FORTMANN, STEPHEN PAUL)May 15, 2014 - Apr 30, 2019
    NIH/NIDDK
    Health and Economic Effects of Light Rail Lines: A Natural Experiment
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK100900     (YOUNG, DEBORAH R)Jul 1, 2014 - Jun 30, 2016
    NIH/NIDDK
    Randomized Trial of Exercise Promotion in Primary Care
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01HL126172     (WAITZFELDER, BETH E.)Aug 1, 2015 - Jul 31, 2019
    NIH/NHLBI
    Cardiovascular Disease among Asians and Pacific Islanders (CASPER)
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01DK115237     (FITZPATRICK, STEPHANIE LENAY)Jul 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2021
    NIH/NIDDK
    Evaluating the implementation of the diabetes prevention program in an integrated health system
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Singh S, Zieman S, Go AS, Fortmann SP, Wenger NK, Fleg JL, Radziszewska B, Stone NJ, Zoungas S, Gurwitz JH. Statins for Primary Prevention in Older Adults-Moving Toward Evidence-Based Decision-Making. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Nov; 66(11):2188-2196. PMID: 30277567.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Bailey SR, Stevens VJ, Fortmann SP, Kurtz SE, McBurnie MA, Priest E, Puro J, Solberg LI, Schweitzer R, Masica AL, Hazlehurst B. Long-Term Outcomes From Repeated Smoking Cessation Assistance in Routine Primary Care. Am J Health Promot. 2018 Sep; 32(7):1582-1590. PMID: 29534598.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Henriksen L, Schleicher NC, Ababseh K, Johnson TO, Fortmann SP. Marijuana as a 'concept' flavour for cigar products: availability and price near California schools. Tob Control. 2018 Sep; 27(5):585-588. PMID: 29025999.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Bailey SR, Heintzman JD, Marino M, Jacob RL, Puro JE, DeVoe JE, Burdick TE, Hazlehurst BL, Cohen DJ, Fortmann SP. Smoking-Cessation Assistance: Before and After Stage 1 Meaningful Use Implementation. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Aug; 53(2):192-200. PMID: 28365090.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Gurwitz JH, Go AS, Fortmann SP. Use of Statins in Adults Older Than 75 Years-Reply. JAMA. 2017 03 14; 317(10):1081. PMID: 28291890.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Bosworth HB, Fortmann SP, Kuntz J, Zullig LL, Mendys P, Safford M, Phansalkar S, Wang T, Rumptz MH. Recommendations for Providers on Person-Centered Approaches to Assess and Improve Medication Adherence. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 01; 32(1):93-100. PMID: 27599489.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Gurwitz JH, Go AS, Fortmann SP. Statins for Primary Prevention in Older Adults: Uncertainty and the Need for More Evidence. JAMA. 2016 Nov 15; 316(19):1971-1972. PMID: 27838724.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Nichols GA, Reynolds K, Olufade T, Kimes TM, O'Keeffe-Rosetti M, Sapp DS, Anzalone D, Fortmann SP. Effect of Combination Cholesterol-Lowering Therapy and Triglyceride-Lowering Therapy on Medical Costs in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Feb 01; 119(3):410-415. PMID: 27890243.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Reynolds K, Go AS, Leong TK, Boudreau DM, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Fortmann SP, Goldberg RJ, Gurwitz JH, Magid DJ, Margolis KL, McNeal CJ, Newton KM, Novotny R, Quesenberry CP, Rosamond WD, Smith DH, VanWormer JJ, Vupputuri S, Waring SC, Williams MS, Sidney S. Trends in Incidence of Hospitalized Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Cardiovascular Research Network (CVRN). Am J Med. 2017 Mar; 130(3):317-327. PMID: 27751900.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Schleicher NC, Johnson TO, Fortmann SP, Henriksen L. Tobacco outlet density near home and school: Associations with smoking and norms among US teens. Prev Med. 2016 10; 91:287-293. PMID: 27569829.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Leyro TM, Crew EE, Bryson SW, Lembke A, Bailey SR, Prochaska JJ, Henriksen L, Fortmann SP, Killen JD, Killen DT, Hall SM, David SP. Retrospective analysis of changing characteristics of treatment-seeking smokers: implications for further reducing smoking prevalence. BMJ Open. 2016 06 29; 6(6):e010960. PMID: 27357195; PMCID: PMC4932265.
    12. Bailey SR, Hoopes MJ, Marino M, Heintzman J, O'Malley JP, Hatch B, Angier H, Fortmann SP, DeVoe JE. Effect of Gaining Insurance Coverage on Smoking Cessation in Community Health Centers: A Cohort Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 10; 31(10):1198-205. PMID: 27329121.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Henderson JT, Patnode CD, Fortmann SP. Behavioral Counseling and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Pregnant Women. Ann Intern Med. 2016 05 03; 164(9):638. PMID: 27136222.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Iribarren C, Chandra M, Rana JS, Hlatky MA, Fortmann SP, Quertermous T, Go AS. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and incident coronary heart disease among asymptomatic older adults. Heart. 2016 08 01; 102(15):1177-82. PMID: 27030599.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Pu J, Romanelli R, Zhao B, Azar KM, Hastings KG, Nimbal V, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Dyslipidemia in Special Ethnic Populations. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2016 Mar; 45(1):205-16. PMID: 26893006.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Boone-Heinonen J, Messer LC, Fortmann SP, Wallack L, Thornburg KL. From fatalism to mitigation: A conceptual framework for mitigating fetal programming of chronic disease by maternal obesity. Prev Med. 2015 Dec; 81:451-9. PMID: 26522092.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Salfati E, Nandkeolyar S, Fortmann SP, Sidney S, Hlatky MA, Quertermous T, Go AS, Iribarren C, Herrington DM, Goldstein BA, Assimes TL. Susceptibility Loci for Clinical Coronary Artery Disease and Subclinical Coronary Atherosclerosis Throughout the Life-Course. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2015 Dec; 8(6):803-11. PMID: 26417035; PMCID: PMC4824193 [Available on 12/01/16].
    18. Slight SP, Berner ES, Galanter W, Huff S, Lambert BL, Lannon C, Lehmann CU, McCourt BJ, McNamara M, Menachemi N, Payne TH, Spooner SA, Schiff GD, Wang TY, Akincigil A, Crystal S, Fortmann SP, Vandermeer ML, Bates DW. Metadata Correction: Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records: Experiences From the Field and Future Opportunities. JMIR Med Inform. 2015 Sep 25; 3(3):e32. PMID: 26407141.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Patnode CD, Henderson JT, Thompson JH, Senger CA, Fortmann SP, Whitlock EP. Behavioral Counseling and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: A Review of Reviews for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Oct 20; 163(8):608-21. PMID: 26389650.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Slight SP, Berner ES, Galanter W, Huff S, Lambert BL, Lannon C, Lehmann CU, McCourt BJ, McNamara M, Menachemi N, Payne TH, Spooner SA, Schiff GD, Wang TY, Akincigil A, Crystal S, Fortmann SP, Bates DW. Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records: Experiences From the Field and Future Opportunities. JMIR Med Inform. 2015 Sep 18; 3(3):e30. PMID: 26385598; PMCID: PMC4704893.
    21. Sanders-Jackson A, Schleicher NC, Fortmann SP, Henriksen L. Effect of warning statements in e-cigarette advertisements: an experiment with young adults in the United States. Addiction. 2015 Dec; 110(12):2015-24. PMID: 25557128.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Smith DH, Johnson ES, Boudreau DM, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Fortmann SP, Greenlee RT, Gurwitz JH, Magid DJ, McNeal CJ, Reynolds K, Steinhubl SR, Thorp M, Tom JO, Vupputuri S, VanWormer JJ, Weinstein J, Yang X, Go AS, Sidney S. Comparative Effectiveness of Statin Therapy in Chronic Kidney Disease and Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Am J Med. 2015 Nov; 128(11):1252.e1-1252.e11. PMID: 26169887; PMCID: PMC4624042 [Available on 11/01/16].
    23. Boone-Heinonen J, Markwardt S, Fortmann SP, Thornburg KL. Overcoming birth weight: can physical activity mitigate birth weight-related differences in adiposity? Pediatr Obes. 2016 06; 11(3):166-73. PMID: 25988588; PMCID: PMC4653090 [Available on 06/01/17].
    24. Sanders-Jackson A, Parikh NM, Schleicher NC, Fortmann SP, Henriksen L. Convenience store visits by US adolescents: Rationale for healthier retail environments. Health Place. 2015 Jul; 34:63-6. PMID: 25955537; PMCID: PMC4497830.
    25. Pu J, Romanelli R, Zhao B, Azar KM, Hastings KG, Nimbal V, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Dyslipidemia in special ethnic populations. Cardiol Clin. 2015 May; 33(2):325-33. PMID: 25939303; PMCID: PMC4421090.
    26. Stevens VJ, Solberg LI, Bailey SR, Kurtz SE, McBurnie MA, Priest EL, Puro JE, Williams RJ, Fortmann SP, Hazlehurst BL. Assessing Trends in Tobacco Cessation in Diverse Patient Populations. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 Mar; 18(3):275-80. PMID: 25921356; PMCID: PMC5013819 [Available on 03/01/17].
    27. Sarginson JE, Killen JD, Lazzeroni LC, Fortmann SP, Ryan HS, Ameli N, Schatzberg AF, Murphy GM. Response to Transdermal Selegiline Smoking Cessation Therapy and Markers in the 15q24 Chromosomal Region. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Sep; 17(9):1126-33. PMID: 25572450; PMCID: PMC4627483.
    28. Zhao B, Jose PO, Pu J, Chung S, Ancheta IB, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control for outpatients in northern California 2010-2012. Am J Hypertens. 2015 May; 28(5):631-9. PMID: 25352230; PMCID: PMC4462650.
    29. Gold R, Bailey SR, O'Malley JP, Hoopes MJ, Cowburn S, Marino M, Heintzman J, Nelson C, Fortmann SP, DeVoe JE. Estimating demand for care after a medicaid expansion: lessons from Oregon. J Ambul Care Manage. 2014 Oct-Dec; 37(4):282-92. PMID: 24608921; PMCID: PMC4172441.
    30. Fortmann SP, Whitlock EP, Burda BU. Vitamin and mineral supplements in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 06; 160(9):656. PMID: 24798534.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Fortmann SP, Burda BU, Senger CA, Lin JS, Whitlock EP. Vitamin and mineral supplements in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer: An updated systematic evidence review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Dec 17; 159(12):824-34. PMID: 24217421.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Frank AT, Zhao B, Jose PO, Azar KM, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in dyslipidemia patterns. Circulation. 2014 Feb 04; 129(5):570-9. PMID: 24192801; PMCID: PMC4212818.
    33. Nichols GA, Rosales AG, Perrin NA, Fortmann SP. The association between different A1C-based measures of glycemia and risk of cardiovascular disease hospitalization. Diabetes Care. 2014; 37(1):167-72. PMID: 23990520; PMCID: PMC3867992.
    34. Pearson TA, Palaniappan LP, Artinian NT, Carnethon MR, Criqui MH, Daniels SR, Fonarow GC, Fortmann SP, Franklin BA, Galloway JM, Goff DC, Heath GW, Frank AT, Kris-Etherton PM, Labarthe DR, Murabito JM, Sacco RL, Sasson C, Turner MB. American Heart Association Guide for Improving Cardiovascular Health at the Community Level, 2013 update: a scientific statement for public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and health policy makers. Circulation. 2013 Apr 23; 127(16):1730-53. PMID: 23519758.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Dauphinee AL, Doxey JR, Schleicher NC, Fortmann SP, Henriksen L. Racial differences in cigarette brand recognition and impact on youth smoking. BMC Public Health. 2013 Feb 25; 13:170. PMID: 23442215; PMCID: PMC3586353.
    36. Bhalla V, Zhao B, Azar KM, Wang EJ, Choi S, Wong EC, Fortmann SP, Palaniappan LP. Racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of proteinuric and nonproteinuric diabetic kidney disease. Diabetes Care. 2013 May; 36(5):1215-21. PMID: 23238659; PMCID: PMC3631839.
    37. Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD, Thygesen K, Alpert JS, White HD, Jaffe AS, Katus HA, Apple FS, Lindahl B, Morrow DA, Chaitman BR, Clemmensen PM, Johanson P, Hod H, Underwood R, Bax JJ, Bonow JJ, Pinto F, Gibbons RJ, Fox KA, Atar D, Newby LK, Galvani M, Hamm CW, Uretsky BF, Steg PG, Wijns W, Bassand JP, Menasche P, Ravkilde J, Ohman EM, Antman EM, Wallentin LC, Armstrong PW, Simoons ML, Januzzi JL, Nieminen MS, Gheorghiade M, Filippatos G, Luepker RV, Fortmann SP, Rosamond WD, Levy D, Wood D, Smith SC, Hu D, Lopez-Sendon JL, Robertson RM, Weaver D, Tendera M, Bove AA, Parkhomenko AN, Vasilieva EJ, Mendis S, Bax JJ, Baumgartner H, Ceconi C, Dean V, Deaton C, Fagard R, Funck-Brentano C, Hasdai D, Hoes A, Kirchhof P, Knuuti J, Kolh P, McDonagh T, Moulin C, Popescu BA, Reiner Z, Sechtem U, Sirnes PA, Tendera M, Torbicki A, Vahanian A, Windecker S, Morais J, Aguiar C, Almahmeed W, Arnar DO, Barili F, Bloch KD, Bolger AF, Botker HE, Bozkurt B, Bugiardini R, Cannon C, de Lemos J, Eberli FR, Escobar E, Hlatky M, James S, Kern KB, Moliterno DJ, Mueller C, Neskovic AN, Pieske BM, Schulman SP, Storey RF, Taubert KA, Vranckx P, Wagner DR. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Oct 16; 60(16):1581-98. PMID: 22958960.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD, Thygesen K, Alpert JS, White HD, Jaffe AS, Katus HA, Apple FS, Lindahl B, Morrow DA, Chaitman BA, Clemmensen PM, Johanson P, Hod H, Underwood R, Bax JJ, Bonow RO, Pinto F, Gibbons RJ, Fox KA, Atar D, Newby LK, Galvani M, Hamm CW, Uretsky BF, Steg PG, Wijns W, Bassand JP, Menasché P, Ravkilde J, Ohman EM, Antman EM, Wallentin LC, Armstrong PW, Simoons ML, Januzzi JL, Nieminen MS, Gheorghiade M, Filippatos G, Luepker RV, Fortmann SP, Rosamond WD, Levy D, Wood D, Smith SC, Hu D, Lopez-Sendon JL, Robertson RM, Weaver D, Tendera M, Bove AA, Parkhomenko AN, Vasilieva EJ, Mendis S. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J. 2012 Oct; 33(20):2551-67. PMID: 22922414.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD, Katus HA, Lindahl B, Morrow DA, Clemmensen PM, Johanson P, Hod H, Underwood R, Bax JJ, Bonow RO, Pinto F, Gibbons RJ, Fox KA, Atar D, Newby LK, Galvani M, Hamm CW, Uretsky BF, Steg PG, Wijns W, Bassand JP, Menasché P, Ravkilde J, Ohman EM, Antman EM, Wallentin LC, Armstrong PW, Simoons ML, Januzzi JL, Nieminen MS, Gheorghiade M, Filippatos G, Luepker RV, Fortmann SP, Rosamond WD, Levy D, Wood D, Smith SC, Hu D, Lopez-Sendon JL, Robertson RM, Weaver D, Tendera M, Bove AA, Parkhomenko AN, Vasilieva EJ, Mendis S. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2012 Oct 16; 126(16):2020-35. PMID: 22923432.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Ambrosius WT, Polonsky TS, Greenland P, Goff DC, Perdue LH, Fortmann SP, Margolis KL, Pajewski NM. Design of the value of imaging in enhancing the wellness of your heart (VIEW) trial and the impact of uncertainty on power. Clin Trials. 2012 Apr; 9(2):232-46. PMID: 22333998.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Go AS, Bansal N, Chandra M, Lathon PV, Fortmann SP, Iribarren C, Hsu CY, Hlatky MA. Chronic kidney disease and risk for presenting with acute myocardial infarction versus stable exertional angina in adults with coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Oct 04; 58(15):1600-7. PMID: 21958887; PMCID: PMC3184235.
    42. Bansal N, Hsu CY, Chandra M, Iribarren C, Fortmann SP, Hlatky MA, Go AS. Potential role of differential medication use in explaining excess risk of cardiovascular events and death associated with chronic kidney disease: a cohort study. BMC Nephrol. 2011 Sep 14; 12:44. PMID: 21917174; PMCID: PMC3180367.
    43. Ehret GB, Munroe PB, Rice KM, Bochud M, Johnson AD, Chasman DI, Smith AV, Tobin MD, Verwoert GC, Hwang SJ, Pihur V, Vollenweider P, O'Reilly PF, Amin N, Bragg-Gresham JL, Teumer A, Glazer NL, Launer L, Zhao JH, Aulchenko Y, Heath S, Sõber S, Parsa A, Luan J, Arora P, Dehghan A, Zhang F, Lucas G, Hicks AA, Jackson AU, Peden JF, Tanaka T, Wild SH, Rudan I, Igl W, Milaneschi Y, Parker AN, Fava C, Chambers JC, Fox ER, Kumari M, Go MJ, van der Harst P, Kao WH, Sjögren M, Vinay DG, Alexander M, Tabara Y, Shaw-Hawkins S, Whincup PH, Liu Y, Shi G, Kuusisto J, Tayo B, Seielstad M, Sim X, Nguyen KD, Lehtimäki T, Matullo G, Wu Y, Gaunt TR, Onland-Moret NC, Cooper MN, Platou CG, Org E, Hardy R, Dahgam S, Palmen J, Vitart V, Braund PS, Kuznetsova T, Uiterwaal CS, Adeyemo A, Palmas W, Campbell H, Ludwig B, Tomaszewski M, Tzoulaki I, Palmer ND, Aspelund T, Garcia M, Chang YP, O'Connell JR, Steinle NI, Grobbee DE, Arking DE, Kardia SL, Morrison AC, Hernandez D, Najjar S, McArdle WL, Hadley D, Brown MJ, Connell JM, Hingorani AD, Day IN, Lawlor DA, Beilby JP, Lawrence RW, Clarke R, Hopewell JC, Ongen H, Dreisbach AW, Li Y, Young JH, Bis JC, Kähönen M, Viikari J, Adair LS, Lee NR, Chen MH, Olden M, Pattaro C, Bolton JA, Köttgen A, Bergmann S, Mooser V, Chaturvedi N, Frayling TM, Islam M, Jafar TH, Erdmann J, Kulkarni SR, Bornstein SR, Grässler J, Groop L, Voight BF, Kettunen J, Howard P, Taylor A, Guarrera S, Ricceri F, Emilsson V, Plump A, Barroso I, Khaw KT, Weder AB, Hunt SC, Sun YV, Bergman RN, Collins FS, Bonnycastle LL, Scott LJ, Stringham HM, Peltonen L, Perola M, Vartiainen E, Brand SM, Staessen JA, Wang TJ, Burton PR, Soler Artigas M, Dong Y, Snieder H, Wang X, Zhu H, Lohman KK, Rudock ME, Heckbert SR, Smith NL, Wiggins KL, Doumatey A, Shriner D, Veldre G, Viigimaa M, Kinra S, Prabhakaran D, Tripathy V, Langefeld CD, Rosengren A, Thelle DS, Corsi AM, Singleton A, Forrester T, Hilton G, McKenzie CA, Salako T, Iwai N, Kita Y, Ogihara T, Ohkubo T, Okamura T, Ueshima H, Umemura S, Eyheramendy S, Meitinger T, Wichmann HE, Cho YS, Kim HL, Lee JY, Scott J, Sehmi JS, Zhang W, Hedblad B, Nilsson P, Smith GD, Wong A, Narisu N, Stancáková A, Raffel LJ, Yao J, Kathiresan S, O'Donnell CJ, Schwartz SM, Ikram MA, Longstreth WT, Mosley TH, Seshadri S, Shrine NR, Wain LV, Morken MA, Swift AJ, Laitinen J, Prokopenko I, Zitting P, Cooper JA, Humphries SE, Danesh J, Rasheed A, Goel A, Hamsten A, Watkins H, Bakker SJ, van Gilst WH, Janipalli CS, Mani KR, Yajnik CS, Hofman A, Mattace-Raso FU, Oostra BA, Demirkan A, Isaacs A, Rivadeneira F, Lakatta EG, Orru M, Scuteri A, Ala-Korpela M, Kangas AJ, Lyytikäinen LP, Soininen P, Tukiainen T, Würtz P, Ong RT, Dörr M, Kroemer HK, Völker U, Völzke H, Galan P, Hercberg S, Lathrop M, Zelenika D, Deloukas P, Mangino M, Spector TD, Zhai G, Meschia JF, Nalls MA, Sharma P, Terzic J, Kumar MV, Denniff M, Zukowska-Szczechowska E, Wagenknecht LE, Fowkes FG, Charchar FJ, Schwarz PE, Hayward C, Guo X, Rotimi C, Bots ML, Brand E, Samani NJ, Polasek O, Talmud PJ, Nyberg F, Kuh D, Laan M, Hveem K, Palmer LJ, van der Schouw YT, Casas JP, Mohlke KL, Vineis P, Raitakari O, Ganesh SK, Wong TY, Tai ES, Cooper RS, Laakso M, Rao DC, Harris TB, Morris RW, Dominiczak AF, Kivimaki M, Marmot MG, Miki T, Saleheen D, Chandak GR, Coresh J, Navis G, Salomaa V, Han BG, Zhu X, Kooner JS, Melander O, Ridker PM, Bandinelli S, Gyllensten UB, Wright AF, Wilson JF, Ferrucci L, Farrall M, Tuomilehto J, Pramstaller PP, Elosua R, Soranzo N, Sijbrands EJ, Altshuler D, Loos RJ, Shuldiner AR, Gieger C, Meneton P, Uitterlinden AG, Wareham NJ, Gudnason V, Rotter JI, Rettig R, Uda M, Strachan DP, Witteman JC, Hartikainen AL, Beckmann JS, Boerwinkle E, Vasan RS, Boehnke M, Larson MG, Järvelin MR, Psaty BM, Abecasis GR, Chakravarti A, Elliott P, van Duijn CM, Newton-Cheh C, Levy D, Caulfield MJ, Johnson T. Genetic variants in novel pathways influence blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk. Nature. 2011 Sep 11; 478(7367):103-9. PMID: 21909115.
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    108. Carnethon MR, Palaniappan LP, Burchfiel CM, Brancati FL, Fortmann SP. Serum insulin, obesity, and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in black and white adults: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study: 1987-1998. Diabetes Care. 2002 Aug; 25(8):1358-64. PMID: 12145235; PMCID: PMC3132185.
    109. Pearson TA, Blair SN, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, Fair JM, Fortmann SP, Franklin BA, Goldstein LB, Greenland P, Grundy SM, Hong Y, Miller NH, Lauer RM, Ockene IS, Sacco RL, Sallis JF, Smith SC, Stone NJ, Taubert KA. AHA Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke: 2002 Update: Consensus Panel Guide to Comprehensive Risk Reduction for Adult Patients Without Coronary or Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Diseases. American Heart Association Science Advisory and Coordinating Committee. Circulation. 2002 Jul 16; 106(3):388-91. PMID: 12119259.
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    110. Howard-Pitney B, Fortmann SP, Killen JD. Generalizability of findings from a chewing tobacco cessation clinical trial. Nicotine Tob Res. 2001 Nov; 3(4):347-52. PMID: 11694202.
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    111. Wrone EM, Zehnder JL, Hornberger JM, McCann LM, Coplon NS, Fortmann SP. An MTHFR variant, homocysteine, and cardiovascular comorbidity in renal disease. Kidney Int. 2001 Sep; 60(3):1106-13. PMID: 11532106.
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    112. Molarius A, Parsons RW, Dobson AJ, Evans A, Fortmann SP, Jamrozik K, Kuulasmaa K, Moltchanov V, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Puska P. Trends in cigarette smoking in 36 populations from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s: findings from the WHO MONICA Project. Am J Public Health. 2001 Feb; 91(2):206-12. PMID: 11211628; PMCID: PMC1446542.
    113. Cooper R, Cutler J, Desvigne-Nickens P, Fortmann SP, Friedman L, Havlik R, Hogelin G, Marler J, McGovern P, Morosco G, Mosca L, Pearson T, Stamler J, Stryer D, Thom T. Trends and disparities in coronary heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases in the United States: findings of the national conference on cardiovascular disease prevention. Circulation. 2000 Dec 19; 102(25):3137-47. PMID: 11120707.
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    114. Gardner CD, Tribble DL, Young DR, Ahn D, Fortmann SP. Population frequency distributions of HDL, HDL(2), and HDL(3) cholesterol and apolipoproteins A-I and B in healthy men and women and associations with age, gender, hormonal status, and sex hormone use: the Stanford Five City Project. Prev Med. 2000 Oct; 31(4):335-45. PMID: 11006058.
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    115. Gardner CD, Tribble DL, Young DR, Ahn D, Fortmann SP. Associations of HDL, HDL(2), and HDL(3) cholesterol and apolipoproteins A-I and B with lifestyle factors in healthy women and men: the Stanford Five City Project. Prev Med. 2000 Oct; 31(4):346-56. PMID: 11006059.
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    116. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Schatzberg AF, Hayward C, Sussman L, Rothman M, Strausberg L, Varady A. Nicotine patch and paroxetine for smoking cessation. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000 Oct; 68(5):883-9. PMID: 11068974.
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    117. Fortmann SP, Varady AN. Effects of a community-wide health education program on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality: the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Aug 15; 152(4):316-23. PMID: 10968376.
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    118. Gardner CD, Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP. Population frequency distribution of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES III], 1988-1994). Am J Cardiol. 2000 Aug 01; 86(3):299-304. PMID: 10922437.
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    119. Kuulasmaa K, Tunstall-Pedoe H, Dobson A, Fortmann S, Sans S, Tolonen H, Evans A, Ferrario M, Tuomilehto J. Estimation of contribution of changes in classic risk factors to trends in coronary-event rates across the WHO MONICA Project populations. Lancet. 2000 Feb 26; 355(9205):675-87. PMID: 10703799.
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    120. Stamler J, Fortmann SP, Levy RI, Prineas RJ, Tell G. Primordial prevention of cardiovascular disease risk factors: panel summary. Prev Med. 1999 Dec; 29(6 Pt 2):S130-5. PMID: 10641831.
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    121. Howard-Pitney B, Killen JD, Fortmann SP. Quitting chew: results from a randomized trial using nicotine patches. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 1999 Nov; 7(4):362-71. PMID: 10609971.
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    122. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Davis L, Strausberg L, Varady A. Do heavy smokers benefit from higher dose nicotine patch therapy? Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 1999 Aug; 7(3):226-33. PMID: 10472510.
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    123. Hughes JR, Lesmes GR, Hatsukami DK, Richmond RL, Lichtenstein E, Jorenby DE, Broughton JO, Fortmann SP, Leischow SJ, McKenna JP, Rennard SI, Wadland WC, Heatley SA. Are higher doses of nicotine replacement more effective for smoking cessation? Nicotine Tob Res. 1999 Jun; 1(2):169-74. PMID: 11072398.
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    124. Altman DG, Wheelis AY, McFarlane M, Lee H, Fortmann SP. The relationship between tobacco access and use among adolescents: a four community study. Soc Sci Med. 1999 Mar; 48(6):759-75. PMID: 10190639.
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    125. Daughton DM, Fortmann SP, Glover ED, Hatsukami DK, Heatley SA, Lichtenstein E, Repsher L, Millatmal T, Killen JD, Nowak RT, Ullrich F, Patil KD, Rennard SI. The smoking cessation efficacy of varying doses of nicotine patch delivery systems 4 to 5 years post-quit day. Prev Med. 1999 Feb; 28(2):113-8. PMID: 10048102.
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    126. Greeno CG, Jackson C, Williams EL, Fortmann SP. The effect of perceived control over eating on the life satisfaction of women and men: results from a community sample. Int J Eat Disord. 1998 Dec; 24(4):415-9. PMID: 9813766.
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    127. Davis SK, Ahn DK, Fortmann SP, Farquhar JW. Determinants of cholesterol screening and treatment patterns. Insights for decision-makers. Am J Prev Med. 1998 Oct; 15(3):178-86. PMID: 9791635.
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    128. Ribisl KM, Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Flora JA. The interplay of socioeconomic status and ethnicity on Hispanic and white men's cardiovascular disease risk and health communication patterns. Health Educ Res. 1998 Sep; 13(3):407-17. PMID: 10186451.
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    129. Dobson AJ, Kuulasmaa K, Moltchanov V, Evans A, Fortmann SP, Jamrozik K, Sans S, Tuomilehto J. Changes in cigarette smoking among adults in 35 populations in the mid-1980s. WHO MONICA Project. Tob Control. 1998; 7(1):14-21. PMID: 9706749; PMCID: PMC1759655.
    130. Howard-Pitney B, Winkleby MA, Albright CL, Bruce B, Fortmann SP. The Stanford Nutrition Action Program: a dietary fat intervention for low-literacy adults. Am J Public Health. 1997 Dec; 87(12):1971-6. PMID: 9431286; PMCID: PMC1381239.
    131. Winkleby MA, Howard-Pitney B, Albright CA, Bruce B, Kraemer HC, Fortmann SP. Predicting achievement of a low-fat diet: a nutrition intervention for adults with low literacy skills. Prev Med. 1997 Nov-Dec; 26(6):874-82. PMID: 9388800.
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    132. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Davis L, Varady A. Nicotine patch and self-help video for cigarette smoking cessation. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997 Aug; 65(4):663-72. PMID: 9256568.
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    133. Killen JD, Fortmann SP. Craving is associated with smoking relapse: findings from three prospective studies. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 1997 May; 5(2):137-42. PMID: 9234050.
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    134. Wild SH, Fortmann SP, Marcovina SM. A prospective case-control study of lipoprotein(a) levels and apo(a) size and risk of coronary heart disease in Stanford Five-City Project participants. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1997 Feb; 17(2):239-45. PMID: 9081676.
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    135. Fortmann SP, Marcovina SM. Lipoprotein(a), a clinically elusive lipoprotein particle. Circulation. 1997 Jan 21; 95(2):295-6. PMID: 9008434.
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    136. Winkleby MA, Taylor CB, Jatulis D, Fortmann SP. The long-term effects of a cardiovascular disease prevention trial: the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Public Health. 1996 Dec; 86(12):1773-9. PMID: 9003136; PMCID: PMC1380732.
    137. Oka RK, Fortmann SP, Varady AN. Differences in treatment of acute myocardial infarction by sex, age, and other factors (the Stanford Five-City Project). Am J Cardiol. 1996 Oct 15; 78(8):861-5. PMID: 8888655.
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    138. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Kraemer HC, Varady AN, Davis L, Newman B. Interactive effects of depression symptoms, nicotine dependence, and weight change on late smoking relapse. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Oct; 64(5):1060-7. PMID: 8916636.
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    139. Gardner CD, Fortmann SP, Krauss RM. Association of small low-density lipoprotein particles with the incidence of coronary artery disease in men and women. JAMA. 1996 Sep 18; 276(11):875-81. PMID: 8782636.
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    140. Young DR, Haskell WL, Taylor CB, Fortmann SP. Effect of community health education on physical activity knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. The Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Aug 01; 144(3):264-74. PMID: 8686695.
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    141. Winkleby MA, Kraemer H, Lin J, Jatulis D, Fortmann SP. Sociodemographic influences on Hispanic-white differences in blood pressure. Public Health Rep. 1996; 111 Suppl 2:30-2. PMID: 8898768; PMCID: PMC1381659.
    142. Wild SH, Laws A, Fortmann SP, Varady AN, Byrne CD. Mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke for six ethnic groups in California, 1985 to 1990. Ann Epidemiol. 1995 Nov; 5(6):432-9. PMID: 8680605.
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    143. Fortmann SP, Flora JA, Winkleby MA, Schooler C, Taylor CB, Farquhar JW. Community intervention trials: reflections on the Stanford Five-City Project Experience. Am J Epidemiol. 1995 Sep 15; 142(6):576-86. PMID: 7653465.
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    144. Winkleby MA, Schooler C, Kraemer HC, Lin J, Fortmann SP. Hispanic versus white smoking patterns by sex and level of education. Am J Epidemiol. 1995 Aug 15; 142(4):410-8. PMID: 7625406.
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    145. Fortmann SP, Killen JD. Nicotine gum and self-help behavioral treatment for smoking relapse prevention: results from a trial using population-based recruitment. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1995 Jun; 63(3):460-8. PMID: 7608359.
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    146. Taylor CB, Jatulis DE, Fortmann SP, Kraemer HC. Weight variability effects: a prospective analysis from the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1995 Mar 01; 141(5):461-5. PMID: 7879790.
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    147. Jackson C, Fortmann SP, Flora JA, Melton RJ, Snider JP, Littlefield D. The capacity-building approach to intervention maintenance implemented by the Stanford Five-City Project. Health Educ Res. 1994 Sep; 9(3):385-96. PMID: 10150455.
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    148. Winkleby MA, Albright CL, Howard-Pitney B, Lin J, Fortmann SP. Hispanic/white differences in dietary fat intake among low educated adults and children. Prev Med. 1994 Jul; 23(4):465-73. PMID: 7971874.
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    149. Fortmann SP, Killen JD. Who shall quit? Comparison of volunteer and population-based recruitment in two minimal-contact smoking cessation studies. Am J Epidemiol. 1994 Jul 01; 140(1):39-51. PMID: 8017402.
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    150. Killen JD, Fortmann SP. Role of nicotine dependence in smoking relapse: results from a prospective study using population-based recruitment methodology. Int J Behav Med. 1994; 1(4):320-34. PMID: 16250793.
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    151. Tribble DL, Giuliano LJ, Fortmann SP. Reduced plasma ascorbic acid concentrations in nonsmokers regularly exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Dec; 58(6):886-90. PMID: 8249873.
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    152. Young DR, Haskell WL, Jatulis DE, Fortmann SP. Associations between changes in physical activity and risk factors for coronary heart disease in a community-based sample of men and women: the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 Aug 15; 138(4):205-16. PMID: 8356962.
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    153. Jarvik M, Killen JD, Varady A, Fortmann SP. The favorite cigarette of the day. J Behav Med. 1993 Aug; 16(4):413-22. PMID: 8411146.
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    154. Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Rockhill B. Health-related risk factors in a sample of Hispanics and whites matched on sociodemographic characteristics. The Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 Jun 15; 137(12):1365-75. PMID: 8333418.
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    155. Fortmann SP, Taylor CB, Flora JA, Winkleby MA. Effect of community health education on plasma cholesterol levels and diet: the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 May 15; 137(10):1039-55. PMID: 8317434.
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    156. Williams EL, Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP. Changes in coronary heart disease risk factors in the 1980s: evidence of a male-female crossover effect with age. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 May 15; 137(10):1056-67. PMID: 8317435.
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    157. Frank E, Winkleby M, Fortmann SP, Rockhill B, Farquhar JW. Improvements in cholesterol-related knowledge and behavior and plasma cholesterol levels in youths during the 1980s. Am J Prev Med. 1993 May-Jun; 9(3):168-74. PMID: 8347368.
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    158. Frank E, Winkleby M, Fortmann SP, Farquhar JW. Cardiovascular disease risk factors: improvements in knowledge and behavior in the 1980s. Am J Public Health. 1993 Apr; 83(4):590-3. PMID: 8460744; PMCID: PMC1694478.
    159. Fortmann SP, Taylor CB, Flora JA, Jatulis DE. Changes in adult cigarette smoking prevalence after 5 years of community health education: the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 Jan 01; 137(1):82-96. PMID: 8434576.
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    160. Winkleby MA, Rockhill B, Jatulis D, Fortmann SP. The medical origins of homelessness. Am J Public Health. 1992 Oct; 82(10):1394-8. PMID: 1415869; PMCID: PMC1695873.
    161. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Kraemer HC, Varady A, Newman B. Who will relapse? Symptoms of nicotine dependence predict long-term relapse after smoking cessation. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1992 Oct; 60(5):797-801. PMID: 1401396.
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    162. Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Rockhill B. Trends in cardiovascular disease risk factors by educational level: the Stanford Five-City Project. Prev Med. 1992 Sep; 21(5):592-601. PMID: 1438109.
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    163. Frank E, Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Rockhill B, Farquhar JW. Improved cholesterol-related knowledge and behavior and plasma cholesterol levels in adults during the 1980s. JAMA. 1992 Sep 23-30; 268(12):1566-72. PMID: 1518111.
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    164. Albright CL, Farquhar JW, Fortmann SP, Sachs DP, Owens DK, Gottlieb L, Stratos GA, Bergen MR, Skeff KM. Impact of a clinical preventive medicine curriculum for primary care faculty: results of a dissemination model. Prev Med. 1992 Jul; 21(4):419-35. PMID: 1409485.
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    165. Hyman DJ, Maibach EW, Flora JA, Fortmann SP. Cholesterol treatment practices of primary care physicians. Public Health Rep. 1992 Jul-Aug; 107(4):441-8. PMID: 1641441; PMCID: PMC1403675.
    166. Winkleby MA, Jatulis DE, Frank E, Fortmann SP. Socioeconomic status and health: how education, income, and occupation contribute to risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Am J Public Health. 1992 Jun; 82(6):816-20. PMID: 1585961; PMCID: PMC1694190.
    167. Hyman DJ, Barrett DC, Fortmann SP. Effect of minor illness on serum cholesterol level. Am J Prev Med. 1992 Mar-Apr; 8(2):100-3. PMID: 1599716.
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    168. Jackson C, Jatulis DE, Fortmann SP. The Behavioral Risk Factor Survey and the Stanford Five-City Project Survey: a comparison of cardiovascular risk behavior estimates. Am J Public Health. 1992 Mar; 82(3):412-6. PMID: 1536358; PMCID: PMC1694372.
    169. Altman DG, Linzer J, Kropp R, Descheemaeker N, Feighery E, Fortmann SP. Policy alternatives for reducing tobacco sales to minors: results from a national survey of retail chain and franchise stores. J Public Health Policy. 1992; 13(3):318-31. PMID: 1401050.
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    170. Frank E, Winkleby MA, Altman DG, Rockhill B, Fortmann SP. Predictors of physician's smoking cessation advice. JAMA. 1991 Dec 11; 266(22):3139-44. PMID: 1956100.
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    171. Rudd P, Fortmann SP. Some cautions in labeling effects. Arch Intern Med. 1991 Nov; 151(11):2313. PMID: 1953238.
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    172. Taylor CB, Fortmann SP, Flora J, Kayman S, Barrett DC, Jatulis D, Farquhar JW. Effect of long-term community health education on body mass index. The Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Aug 01; 134(3):235-49. PMID: 1877583.
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    173. Jackson C, Winkleby MA, Flora JA, Fortmann SP. Use of educational resources for cardiovascular risk reduction in the Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Prev Med. 1991 Mar-Apr; 7(2):82-8. PMID: 1910892.
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    174. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Newman B, Varady A. Prospective study of factors influencing the development of craving associated with smoking cessation. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991; 105(2):191-6. PMID: 1796127.
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    175. Fortmann SP, Winkleby MA, Flora JA, Haskell WL, Taylor CB. Effect of long-term community health education on blood pressure and hypertension control. The Stanford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Oct; 132(4):629-46. PMID: 2403104.
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    176. Farquhar JW, Fortmann SP, Flora JA, Taylor CB, Haskell WL, Williams PT, Maccoby N, Wood PD. Effects of communitywide education on cardiovascular disease risk factors. The Stanford Five-City Project. JAMA. 1990 Jul 18; 264(3):359-65. PMID: 2362332.
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    177. Rudd P, Fortmann SP. Some pitfalls in disease screening. Arch Intern Med. 1990 May; 150(5):1121, 1124-5. PMID: 2331193.
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    178. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Newman B, Varady A. Evaluation of a treatment approach combining nicotine gum with self-guided behavioral treatments for smoking relapse prevention. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1990 Feb; 58(1):85-92. PMID: 2319049.
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    179. Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Barrett DC. Social class disparities in risk factors for disease: eight-year prevalence patterns by level of education. Prev Med. 1990 Jan; 19(1):1-12. PMID: 2320553.
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    180. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Newman B. Weight change among participants in a large sample minimal contact smoking relapse prevention trial. Addict Behav. 1990; 15(4):323-32. PMID: 2248106.
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    181. Wood PD, Stefanick ML, Dreon DM, Frey-Hewitt B, Garay SC, Williams PT, Superko HR, Fortmann SP, Albers JJ, Vranizan KM, et al. Changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins in overweight men during weight loss through dieting as compared with exercise. N Engl J Med. 1988 Nov 03; 319(18):1173-9. PMID: 3173455.
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    182. Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Telch MJ, Newman B. Are heavy smokers different from light smokers? A comparison after 48 hours without cigarettes. JAMA. 1988 Sep 16; 260(11):1581-5. PMID: 3411738.
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    183. Fortmann SP, Killen JD, Telch MJ, Newman B. Minimal contact treatment for smoking cessation. A placebo controlled trial of nicotine polacrilex and self-directed relapse prevention: initial results of the Stanford Stop Smoking Project. JAMA. 1988 Sep 16; 260(11):1575-80. PMID: 3045351.
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    184. Fortmann SP, Haskell WL, Wood PD. Effects of weight loss on clinic and ambulatory blood pressure in normotensive men. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Jul 01; 62(1):89-93. PMID: 3381757.
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    185. King AC, Flora JA, Fortmann SP, Taylor CB. Smokers' challenge: immediate and long-term findings of a community smoking cessation contest. Am J Public Health. 1987 Oct; 77(10):1340-1. PMID: 3631371; PMCID: PMC1647120.
    186. Rudd P, Price MG, Graham LE, Beilstein BA, Tarbell SJ, Bacchetti P, Fortmann SP. Consequences of worksite hypertension screening. Changes in absenteeism. Hypertension. 1987 Oct; 10(4):425-36. PMID: 3653971.
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    187. Williams PT, Fortmann SP, Terry RB, Garay SC, Vranizan KM, Ellsworth N, Wood PD. Associations of dietary fat, regional adiposity, and blood pressure in men. JAMA. 1987 Jun 19; 257(23):3251-6. PMID: 3586249; PMCID: PMC2831870.
    188. Maron DJ, Fortmann SP. Nicotine yield and measures of cigarette smoke exposure in a large population: are lower-yield cigarettes safer? Am J Public Health. 1987 May; 77(5):546-9. PMID: 3565645.
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    189. Altman DG, Flora JA, Fortmann SP, Farquhar JW. The cost-effectiveness of three smoking cessation programs. Am J Public Health. 1987 Feb; 77(2):162-5. PMID: 3099586; PMCID: PMC1646823.
    190. Sallis JF, Hill RD, Killen JD, Telch MJ, Flora JA, Girard J, Taylor CB, Fortmann SP. Efficacy of self-help behavior modification materials in smoking cessation. Am J Prev Med. 1986 Nov-Dec; 2(6):342-4. PMID: 3453200.
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    191. Sallis JF, Haskell WL, Fortmann SP, Wood PD, Vranizan KM. Moderate-intensity physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors: the Stanford Five-City Project. Prev Med. 1986 Nov; 15(6):561-8. PMID: 3797388.
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    192. Fortmann SP, Haskell WL, Williams PT. Changes in plasma high density lipoprotein cholesterol after changes in cigarette use. Am J Epidemiol. 1986 Oct; 124(4):706-10. PMID: 3752064.
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    193. Sallis JF, Haskell WL, Fortmann SP, Vranizan KM, Taylor CB, Solomon DS. Predictors of adoption and maintenance of physical activity in a community sample. Prev Med. 1986 Jul; 15(4):331-41. PMID: 3763558.
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    194. Rudd P, Price MG, Graham LE, Beilstein BA, Tarbell SJ, Bacchetti P, Fortmann SP. Consequences of worksite hypertension screening. Differential changes in psychosocial function. Am J Med. 1986 May; 80(5):853-60. PMID: 3706373.
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    195. Fortmann SP, Haskell WL, Williams PT, Varady AN, Hulley SB, Farquhar JW. Community surveillance of cardiovascular diseases in the Stanford Five-City Project. Methods and initial experience. Am J Epidemiol. 1986 Apr; 123(4):656-69. PMID: 3953544.
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    196. Sallis JF, Haskell WL, Wood PD, Fortmann SP, Vranizan KM. Vigorous physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. J Chronic Dis. 1986; 39(2):115-20. PMID: 3484748.
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    197. Sallis JF, Hill RD, Fortmann SP, Flora JA. Health behavior change at the worksite: cardiovascular risk reduction. Prog Behav Modif. 1986; 20:161-97. PMID: 3517827.
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    198. Farquhar JW, Fortmann SP, Maccoby N, Haskell WL, Williams PT, Flora JA, Taylor CB, Brown BW, Solomon DS, Hulley SB. The Stanford Five-City Project: design and methods. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Aug; 122(2):323-34. PMID: 4014215.
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    199. Fortmann SP, Sallis JF, Magnus PM, Farquhar JW. Attitudes and practices of physicians regarding hypertension and smoking: The Stanford Five City Project. Prev Med. 1985 Jan; 14(1):70-80. PMID: 4034516.
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    200. Sallis JF, Flora JA, Fortmann SP, Taylor CB, Maccoby N. Mediated smoking cessation programs in the Stanford Five-City Project. Addict Behav. 1985; 10(4):441-3. PMID: 4091078.
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    201. Sallis JF, Haskell WL, Wood PD, Fortmann SP, Rogers T, Blair SN, Paffenbarger RS. Physical activity assessment methodology in the Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Jan; 121(1):91-106. PMID: 3964995.
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    202. Jacob RG, Fortmann SP, Kraemer HC, Farquhar JW, Agras WS. Combining behavioral treatments to reduce blood pressure. A controlled outcome study. Behav Modif. 1985 Jan; 9(1):32-53. PMID: 3977813.
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    203. Sallis JF, Fortmann SP, Solomon DS, Farquhar JW. Increasing returns of physician surveys. Am J Public Health. 1984 Sep; 74(9):1043. PMID: 6465406; PMCID: PMC1651776.
    204. Gillum RF, Fortmann SP, Prineas RJ, Kottke TE. International diagnostic criteria for acute myocardial infarction and acute stroke. Am Heart J. 1984 Jul; 108(1):150-8. PMID: 6731265.
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    205. Fortmann SP, Rogers T, Vranizan K, Haskell WL, Solomon DS, Farquhar JW. Indirect measures of cigarette use: expired-air carbon monoxide versus plasma thiocyanate. Prev Med. 1984 Jan; 13(1):127-35. PMID: 6609353.
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    206. Fortmann SP, Haskell WL, Vranizan K, Brown BW, Farquhar JW. The association of blood pressure and dietary alcohol: differences by age, sex, and estrogen use. Am J Epidemiol. 1983 Oct; 118(4):497-507. PMID: 6637977.
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    207. Fortmann SP, Williams PT, Hulley SB, Maccoby N, Farquhar JW. Does dietary health education reach only the privileged? The Stanford Three Community Study. Circulation. 1982 Jul; 66(1):77-82. PMID: 7083524.
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    208. Fortmann SP, Marcuson R, Bitter PH, Haskell WL. A comparison of the Sphygmetrics SR-2 Automatic Blood Pressure Recorder to the mercury sphygmomanometer in population studies. Am J Epidemiol. 1981 Dec; 114(6):836-44. PMID: 7315832.
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    209. Fortmann SP, Williams PT, Hulley SB, Haskell WL, Farquhar JW. Effect of health education on dietary behavior: the Stanford Three Community Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Oct; 34(10):2030-8. PMID: 7293934.
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    210. Williams PT, Fortmann SP, Farquhar JW, Varady A, Mellen S. A comparison of statistical methods for evaluating risk factor changes in community-based studies: an example from the Stanford Three-Community Study. J Chronic Dis. 1981; 34(11):565-71. PMID: 7287861.
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    211. Fortmann SP. Abortion and medicine. Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 1975 Jan; 38(1):25-9. PMID: 11663542.
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