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Andrew J Karter PhD

TitleResearch Scientist III
InstitutionKaiser Permanente Northern California
DepartmentDivision of Research
Address2000 Broadway
Oakland CA 94612
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-5527-316X Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CABA06/1986Ecology
    University of California, Davis , Davis, CAMS06/1989Ecology & Evolution
    University of California, Davis , Davis, CAPhD06/1993Epidemiology
    Collapse awards and honors
    1986Summa cum Laude, San Francisco State University
    1986Phi Beta Kappa, San Francisco State University
    1988Fulbright Fellowship, Fulbright Program
    1993Intl. Reindeer Lassoing Championship (2nd place men’s professional), World Reindeer Congress
    2001Gary D. Friedman Outstanding Published Paper Award - 2001, 2002, 2009, 2015, Kaiser Permanente

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Andrew J. Karter, PhD, has been a Research Scientist at Kaiser Permanente Northern California’s Division of Research for over 20 years, playing a leading role since 1994 in the design and maintenance of the Diabetes Registry, which includes data on more than 300,000 patients. He is the Associate Director for the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease’s Health Delivery Systems Center for Diabetes Translational Research. He is also Adjunct Professor, Instructor with the Department of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco; affiliate professor, Department of Epidemiology and Department of Health Services, School of Public Health & Community Health, University of Washington; and faculty member, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program. He received his doctorate in 1993 in epidemiology with a special emphasis on epidemiologic methods and biostatistics, and was awarded Phi Beta Kappa, Summa Cum Laude, and a Fulbright fellowship. Dr. Karter’s work spans both epidemiology and health services research in diabetes and its complications, with a current focus on the areas of hypoglycemia, medication adherence, diabetes care for the elderly, health disparities, health literacy and provider communication, language barriers to care, impact of health information technology, financial barriers and cost-sharing, and pharmacoepidemiology research.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R56AG051683     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Sep 30, 2016 - Aug 31, 2017
    NIH/NIA
    Preferences, Management, and Outcomes in the Oldest Patients with Diabetes
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01LM012355     (SCHILLINGER, DEAN)Sep 20, 2015 - Jun 30, 2019
    NIH/NLM
    The Next Frontier in Diabetes Communication: Promoting Health Literacy in the Era of Secure Messaging
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01DK103721     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Aug 6, 2015 - Jul 31, 2019
    NIH/NIDDK
    Severe Hypoglycemia: Ascertainment, Surveillance and Pharmacovigilance
    Role: Principal Investigator

    U58DP002641     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Jul 12, 2010 - Jul 11, 2013
    CDC/NCCDPHP
    Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Legacy Study
    Role: Principal Investigator

    RC1DK086178     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Sep 18, 2009 - Aug 31, 2011
    NIH/NIDDK
    Failure to Utilize Diabetes Health Services Following a Referral
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK080726     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Aug 13, 2009 - Oct 31, 2013
    NIH/NIDDK
    Medication Adherence and Social Disparities in Diabetes
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK081796     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Apr 13, 2009 - Mar 31, 2014
    NIH/NIDDK
    Diabetes and Aging in a Multi-Ethnic Population
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK065664     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Sep 1, 2004 - Dec 30, 2009
    NIH/NIDDK
    Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Complications
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HD046113     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Sep 26, 2003 - Apr 30, 2008
    NIH/NICHD
    Educational Disparities in Diabetes Complications
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01DK061678     (KARTER, ANDREW JOHN)Apr 1, 2002 - Mar 31, 2005
    NIH/NIDDK
    Do Free Glucose Test Strips Increase Self-Monitoring?
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Cemballi AG, Karter AJ, Schillinger D, Liu JY, McNamara DS, Brown W, Crossley S, Semere W, Reed M, Allen J, Lyles CR. Descriptive examination of secure messaging in a longitudinal cohort of diabetes patients in the ECLIPPSE study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 06 12; 28(6):1252-1258. PMID: 33236117; PMCID: PMC8200267.
      Citations:    
    2. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Gilliam LK, Dlott R. Association of Real-time Continuous Glucose Monitoring With Glycemic Control and Acute Metabolic Events Among Patients With Insulin-Treated Diabetes. JAMA. 2021 06 08; 325(22):2273-2284. PMID: 34077502; PMCID: PMC8173463.
      Citations:    
    3. Whitmer RA, Gilsanz P, Quesenberry CP, Karter AJ, Lacy ME. Association of Type 1 Diabetes and Hypoglycemic and Hyperglycemic Events and Risk of Dementia. Neurology. 2021 Jun 02. PMID: 34078717; PMCID: PMC8302147.
      Citations:    
    4. Thomas TW, Dyer WT, Yassin M, Neugebauer R, Karter AJ, Schmittdiel JA. Is Shelter-in-Place Policy Related to Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Racial/Ethnic Disparities for Patients With Diabetes? Diabetes Care. 2021 Apr 13. PMID: 33849937; PMCID: PMC8247521.
      Citations:    
    5. Gong C, Dyer W, Yassin M, Neugebauer R, Karter AJ, Schmittdiel JA. The effect of mail order pharmacy outreach on older patients with diabetes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021 Jul; 69(7):2028-2030. PMID: 33769551; PMCID: PMC8273092.
      Citations:    
    6. Rana JS, Moffet HH, Liu JY, Karter AJ. Severe Hypoglycemia and Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2021 03; 44(3):e40-e41. PMID: 33472863; PMCID: PMC7896254.
      Citations:    
    7. Brown W, Balyan R, Karter AJ, Crossley S, Semere W, Duran ND, Lyles C, Liu J, Moffet HH, Daniels R, McNamara DS, Schillinger D. Challenges and solutions to employing natural language processing and machine learning to measure patients' health literacy and physician writing complexity: The ECLIPPSE study. J Biomed Inform. 2021 01; 113:103658. PMID: 33316421; PMCID: PMC8186847.
      Citations:    
    8. Ramachandran B, Trinacty CM, Wharam JF, Duru OK, Dyer WT, Neugebauer RS, Karter AJ, Brown SD, Marshall CJ, Wiley D, Ross-Degnan D, Schmittdiel JA. A Randomized Encouragement Trial to Increase Mail Order Pharmacy Use and Medication Adherence in Patients with Diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 01; 36(1):154-161. PMID: 33001334; PMCID: PMC7858994.
      Citations:    
    9. Crossley SA, Balyan R, Liu J, Karter AJ, McNamara D, Schillinger D. Predicting the readability of physicians' secure messages to improve health communication using novel linguistic features: Findings from the ECLIPPSE study. J Commun Healthc. 2020; 13(4):1-13. PMID: 34306181; PMCID: PMC8300594.
      Citations:    
    10. Schillinger D, Balyan R, Crossley SA, McNamara DS, Liu JY, Karter AJ. Employing computational linguistics techniques to identify limited patient health literacy: Findings from the ECLIPPSE study. Health Serv Res. 2021 02; 56(1):132-144. PMID: 32966630; PMCID: PMC7839650.
      Citations:    
    11. Vijayakumar P, Liu S, McCoy RG, Karter AJ, Lipska KJ. Changes in Management of Type 2 Diabetes Before and After Severe Hypoglycemia. Diabetes Care. 2020 11; 43(11):e188-e189. PMID: 32943439; PMCID: PMC7576416.
      Citations:    
    12. Lacy ME, Gilsanz P, Eng CW, Beeri MS, Karter AJ, Whitmer RA. Recurrent diabetic ketoacidosis and cognitive function among older adults with type 1 diabetes: findings from the Study of Longevity in Diabetes. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2020 06; 8(1). PMID: 32546548; PMCID: PMC7299028.
      Citations:    
    13. Gopalan A, Mishra P, Alexeeff SE, Blatchins MA, Kim E, Man A, Karter AJ, Grant RW. Initial Glycemic Control and Care Among Younger Adults Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2020 05; 43(5):975-981. PMID: 32132007; PMCID: PMC7171948.
      Citations:    
    14. Crossley SA, Balyan R, Liu J, Karter AJ, McNamara D, Schillinger D. Developing and Testing Automatic Models of Patient Communicative Health Literacy Using Linguistic Features: Findings from the ECLIPPSE study. Health Commun. 2021 07; 36(8):1018-1028. PMID: 32114833; PMCID: PMC7483831.
      Citations:    
    15. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Karter AJ, Nasir K, Solomon MD, Jaffe MG, Ambrosy AP, Go AS, Sidney S. Risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by cardiovascular health metric categories in approximately 1 million patients. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020 Feb 10; 2047487320905025. PMID: 32039636.
      Citations:    
    16. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Karter AJ, Nasir K, Solomon MD, Jaffe MG, Ambrosy AP, Go AS, Sidney S. Risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by cardiovascular health metric categories in approximately 1 million patients. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020 Feb 07. PMID: 33611408.
      Citations:    
    17. Gilsanz P, Lacy ME, Beeri MS, Karter AJ, Eng CW, Whitmer RA. Sleep Quality and Cognitive Function in Type 1 Diabetes: Findings From the Study of Longevity in Diabetes (SOLID). Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2020 Jan-Mar; 34(1):18-24. PMID: 31567303; PMCID: PMC7047548.
      Citations:    
    18. Lacy ME, Gilsanz P, Eng C, Beeri MS, Karter AJ, Whitmer RA. Severe Hypoglycemia and Cognitive Function in Older Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The Study of Longevity in Diabetes (SOLID). Diabetes Care. 2020 03; 43(3):541-548. PMID: 31882410; PMCID: PMC7035586.
      Citations:    
    19. Weiner JZ, Gopalan A, Mishra P, Lipska KJ, Huang ES, Laiteerapong N, Karter AJ, Grant RW. Use and Discontinuation of Insulin Treatment Among Adults Aged 75 to 79 Years With Type 2 Diabetes. JAMA Intern Med. 2019 12 01; 179(12):1633-1641. PMID: 31545376; PMCID: PMC6763990.
      Citations:    
    20. Semere W, Crossley S, Karter AJ, Lyles CR, Brown W, Reed M, McNamara DS, Liu JY, Schillinger D. Secure Messaging with Physicians by Proxies for Patients with Diabetes: Findings from the ECLIPPSE Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2019 11; 34(11):2490-2496. PMID: 31428986; PMCID: PMC6848304.
      Citations:    
    21. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Sanchez RJ, Khan I, Karter AJ. Risk of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Dyslipidemia Without Prevalent Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Med. 2020 02; 133(2):200-206. PMID: 31344341.
      Citations:    
    22. Schmittdiel JA, Marshall CJ, Wiley D, Chau CV, Trinacty CM, Wharam JF, Duru OK, Karter AJ, Brown SD. Opportunities to encourage mail order pharmacy delivery service use for diabetes prescriptions: a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 Jun 25; 19(1):422. PMID: 31238950; PMCID: PMC6593516.
      Citations:    
    23. Lacy ME, Gilsanz P, Karter AJ, Quesenberry CP, Pletcher MJ, Whitmer RA. Response to Comment on Lacy et al. Long-term Glycemic Control and Dementia Risk in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2018;41:2339-2345. Diabetes Care. 2019 Apr; 42(4):e69. PMID: 30894391.
      Citations:    
    24. Balyan R, Crossley SA, Brown W, Karter AJ, McNamara DS, Liu JY, Lyles CR, Schillinger D. Using natural language processing and machine learning to classify health literacy from secure messages: The ECLIPPSE study. PLoS One. 2019; 14(2):e0212488. PMID: 30794616.
      Citations:    
    25. Karter AJ, Warton EM, Moffet HH, Ralston JD, Huang ES, Miller DR, Lipska KJ. Revalidation of the Hypoglycemia Risk Stratification Tool Using ICD-10 Codes. Diabetes Care. 2019 Apr; 42(4):e58-e59. PMID: 30765427.
      Citations:    
    26. Laiteerapong N, Ham SA, Huang ES, Karter AJ. Response to Comment on Laiteerapong et al. The Legacy Effect in Type 2 Diabetes: Impact of Early Glycemic Control on Future Complications (The Diabetes & Aging Study). Diabetes Care 2019;42:416-426. Diabetes Care. 2019 Mar; 42(3):e46-e47. PMID: 30679307.
      Citations:    
    27. Liu L, Herrinton LJ, Alexeeff S, Karter AJ, Amsden LB, Carolan J, Shorstein NH. Visual outcomes after cataract surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2019 Apr; 45(4):404-413. PMID: 30638823.
      Citations:    
    28. Rana JS, Parker MM, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Adherence to Cardio-protective Medications Prescribed for Secondary Prevention after an Acute Coronary Syndrome Hospitalization Compared to Usual Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Oct; 33(10):1621-1622. PMID: 29882182.
      Citations:    
    29. Gilsanz P, Albers K, Beeri MS, Karter AJ, Quesenberry CP, Whitmer RA. Traumatic brain injury associated with dementia risk among people with type 1 diabetes. Neurology. 2018 Oct 23; 91(17):e1611-e1618. PMID: 30258015.
      Citations:    
    30. Lacy ME, Gilsanz P, Karter AJ, Quesenberry CP, Pletcher MJ, Whitmer RA. Long-term Glycemic Control and Dementia Risk in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 11; 41(11):2339-2345. PMID: 30181165.
      Citations:    
    31. Fernandez A, Warton EM, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Kruger J, Adler N, Karter AJ. Language barriers and LDL-C/SBP control among Latinos with diabetes. Am J Manag Care. 2018 Sep; 24(9):405-410. PMID: 30222919.
      Citations:    
    32. Moin T, Schmittdiel JA, Flory JH, Yeh J, Karter AJ, Kruge LE, Schillinger D, Mangione CM, Herman WH, Walker EA. Review of Metformin Use for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention. Am J Prev Med. 2018 Oct; 55(4):565-574. PMID: 30126667.
      Citations:    
    33. Laiteerapong N, Ham SA, Gao Y, Moffet HH, Liu JY, Huang ES, Karter AJ. The Legacy Effect in Type 2 Diabetes: Impact of Early Glycemic Control on Future Complications (The Diabetes & Aging Study). Diabetes Care. 2019 Mar; 42(3):416-426. PMID: 30104301.
      Citations:    
    34. Lipska KJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Huang ES, Karter AJ. Association of Initiation of Basal Insulin Analogs vs Neutral Protamine Hagedorn Insulin With Hypoglycemia-Related Emergency Department Visits or Hospital Admissions and With Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. JAMA. 2018 07 03; 320(1):53-62. PMID: 29936529.
      Citations:    
    35. Karter AJ, Moffet HH, Liu JY, Lipska KJ. Surveillance of Hypoglycemia-Limitations of Emergency Department and Hospital Utilization Data. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 07 01; 178(7):987-988. PMID: 29710182.
      Citations:    
    36. Schroeder EB, Karter AJ. Brief Commentary: Glycemic Targets for Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Aug 21; 169(4):250-251. PMID: 29946700.
      Citations:    
    37. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Boklage SH, Khan I, Karter AJ. Risk of Incident Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular DiseaseEvents by Achieved Atherogenic Lipid Levels Among62,428 Statin-Treated Individuals With Diabetes Mellitus. Am J Cardiol. 2018 Sep 01; 122(5):762-767. PMID: 30057224.
      Citations:    
    38. Gilsanz P, Schnaider Beeri M, Karter AJ, Quesenberry CP, Adams AS, Whitmer RA. Depression in type 1 diabetes and risk of dementia. Aging Ment Health. 2018 Apr 10; 1-7. PMID: 29634288.
      Citations:    
    39. Pachucki MC, Karter AJ, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Warton EM, Schillinger D, O'Connell BH, Laraia B. Eating with others and meal location are differentially associated with nutrient intake by sex: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Appetite. 2018 08 01; 127:203-213. PMID: 29601920.
      Citations:    
    40. Rana JS, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Jaffe MG. Improved Cardiovascular Risk Factors Control Associated with a Large-Scale Population Management Program Among Diabetes Patients. Am J Med. 2018 Jun; 131(6):661-668. PMID: 29576192.
      Citations:    
    41. Berkowitz SA, Karter AJ, Corbie-Smith G, Seligman HK, Ackroyd SA, Barnard LS, Atlas SJ, Wexler DJ. Food Insecurity, Food "Deserts," and Glycemic Control in Patients With Diabetes: A Longitudinal Analysis. Diabetes Care. 2018 06; 41(6):1188-1195. PMID: 29555650.
      Citations:    
    42. Gilsanz P, Karter AJ, Beeri MS, Quesenberry CP, Whitmer RA. The Bidirectional Association Between Depression and Severe Hypoglycemic and Hyperglycemic Events in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 Mar; 41(3):446-452. PMID: 29255060.
      Citations:    
    43. Karter AJ, Warton EM, Lipska KJ, Ralston JD, Moffet HH, Jackson GG, Huang ES, Miller DR. Development and Validation of a Tool to Identify Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk of Hypoglycemia-Related Emergency Department or Hospital Use. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 10 01; 177(10):1461-1470. PMID: 28828479.
      Citations:    
    44. Pathak RD, Schroeder EB, Seaquist ER, Zeng C, Lafata JE, Thomas A, Lawrence JM, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Segal J, O'Connor PJ. Erratum. Response to Comment on Pathak et al. Severe Hypoglycemia Requiring Medical Intervention in a Large Cohort of Adults With Diabetes Receiving Care in U.S. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems: 2005-2011. Diabetes Care 2016;39:363-370. Diabetes Care 2017;40:e26. Diabetes Care. 2017 10; 40(10):1420. PMID: 28842525.
      Citations:    
    45. Moffet HH, Warton EM, Siegel L, Sporer K, Lipska KJ, Karter AJ. Hypoglycemia Patients and Transport by EMS in Alameda County, 2013-15. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 Nov-Dec; 21(6):767-772. PMID: 28641035.
      Citations:    
    46. Zhang YT, Mujahid MS, Laraia BA, Warton EM, Blanchard SD, Moffet HH, Downing J, Karter AJ. Association Between Neighborhood Supermarket Presence and Glycated Hemoglobin Levels Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 06 15; 185(12):1297-1303. PMID: 28510620.
      Citations:    
    47. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Solomon MD, Lyles CR, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Reed ME. Effect of Out-of-Pocket Cost on Medication Initiation, Adherence, and Persistence among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2018 04; 53(2):1227-1247. PMID: 28474736.
      Citations:    
    48. Laraia BA, Downing JM, Zhang YT, Dow WH, Kelly M, Blanchard SD, Adler N, Schillinger D, Moffet H, Warton EM, Karter AJ. Food Environment and Weight Change: Does Residential Mobility Matter?: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Am J Epidemiol. 2017 05 01; 185(9):743-750. PMID: 28387785.
      Citations:    
    49. Bauer AM, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Adler NE, Adams AS, Schmittdiel JA, Katon WJ, Karter AJ. Depressive symptoms and adherence to cardiometabolic therapies across phases of treatment among adults with diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Patient Prefer Adherence. 2017; 11:643-652. PMID: 28392679.
      Citations:    
    50. Downing J, Laraia B, Rodriguez H, Dow WH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Warton EM, Karter AJ. Downing et al. Respond to "Foreclosures and Health in a Neighborhood Context". Am J Epidemiol. 2017 03 15; 185(6):440-441. PMID: 28184427.
      Citations:    
    51. Downing J, Laraia B, Rodriguez H, Dow WH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Warton EM, Karter AJ. Beyond the Great Recession: Was the Foreclosure Crisis Harmful to the Health of Individuals With Diabetes? Am J Epidemiol. 2017 03 15; 185(6):429-435. PMID: 28184432.
      Citations:    
    52. Reed ME, Warton EM, Kim E, Solomon MD, Karter AJ. Value-Based Insurance Design Benefit Offsets Reductions In Medication Adherence Associated With Switch To Deductible Plan. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 03 01; 36(3):516-523. PMID: 28264954.
      Citations:    
    53. Fernández A, Quan J, Moffet H, Parker MM, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Adherence to Newly Prescribed Diabetes Medications Among Insured Latino and White Patients With Diabetes. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 03 01; 177(3):371-379. PMID: 28114642.
      Citations:    
    54. Parker MM, Fernández A, Moffet HH, Grant RW, Torreblanca A, Karter AJ. Association of Patient-Physician Language Concordance and Glycemic Control for Limited-English Proficiency Latinos With Type 2 Diabetes. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 03 01; 177(3):380-387. PMID: 28114680.
      Citations:    
    55. Karter AJ, Lipska KJ, O'Connor PJ, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Schroeder EB, Lawrence JM, Nichols GA, Newton KM, Pathak RD, Desai J, Waitzfelder B, Butler MG, Thomas A, Steiner JF. High rates of severe hypoglycemia among African American patients with diabetes: the surveillance, prevention, and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) network. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 May; 31(5):869-873. PMID: 28319006.
      Citations:    
    56. Schillinger D, McNamara D, Crossley S, Lyles C, Moffet HH, Sarkar U, Duran N, Allen J, Liu J, Oryn D, Ratanawongsa N, Karter AJ. The Next Frontier in Communication and the ECLIPPSE Study: Bridging the Linguistic Divide in Secure Messaging. J Diabetes Res. 2017; 2017:1348242. PMID: 28265579.
      Citations:    
    57. Pathak RD, Schroeder EB, Seaquist ER, Zeng C, Lafata JE, Thomas A, Lawrence JM, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Segal J, O'Connor PJ. Response to Comment on Pathak et al. Severe Hypoglycemia Requiring Medical Intervention in a Large Cohort of Adults With Diabetes Receiving Care in U.S. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems: 2005-2011. Diabetes Care 2016;39:363-370. Diabetes Care. 2017 02; 40(2):e26. PMID: 28108542.
      Citations:    
    58. Chaufan C, Karter AJ, Moffet HH, Quan J, Parker MM, Kruger J, Schillinger D, Fernandez A. Identifying Spanish Language Competent Physicians: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Ethn Dis. 2016 10 20; 26(4):537-544. PMID: 27773981.
      Citations:    
    59. Tamayo A, Mujahid MS, Laraia B, Warton EM, Blanchard SD, Kelly M, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Police-Recorded Crime and Perceived Stress among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Urban Health. 2016 10; 93(5):745-757. PMID: 27613180.
      Citations:    
    60. Sarkar U, Lyles C, Steinman M, Huang ES, Moffet HH, Whitmer RA, Warton EM, Karter AJ. Changes in Medication Use After Dementia Diagnosis in an Observational Cohort of Individuals with Diabetes Mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 01; 65(1):77-82. PMID: 27642180.
      Citations:    
    61. Laiteerapong N, Karter AJ, Moffet HH, Cooper JM, Gibbons RD, Liu JY, Gao Y, Huang ES. Ten-year hemoglobin A1c trajectories and outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus: The Diabetes & Aging Study. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 01; 31(1):94-100. PMID: 27503405.
      Citations:    
    62. Liu CT, Raghavan S, Maruthur N, Kabagambe EK, Hong J, Ng MC, Hivert MF, Lu Y, An P, Bentley AR, Drolet AM, Gaulton KJ, Guo X, Armstrong LL, Irvin MR, Li M, Lipovich L, Rybin DV, Taylor KD, Agyemang C, Palmer ND, Cade BE, Chen WM, Dauriz M, Delaney JA, Edwards TL, Evans DS, Evans MK, Lange LA, Leong A, Liu J, Liu Y, Nayak U, Patel SR, Porneala BC, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Snijder MB, Stallings SC, Tanaka T, Yanek LR, Zhao W, Becker DM, Bielak LF, Biggs ML, Bottinger EP, Bowden DW, Chen G, Correa A, Couper DJ, Crawford DC, Cushman M, Eicher JD, Fornage M, Franceschini N, Fu YP, Goodarzi MO, Gottesman O, Hara K, Harris TB, Jensen RA, Johnson AD, Jhun MA, Karter AJ, Keller MF, Kho AN, Kizer JR, Krauss RM, Langefeld CD, Li X, Liang J, Liu S, Lowe WL, Mosley TH, North KE, Pacheco JA, Peyser PA, Patrick AL, Rice KM, Selvin E, Sims M, Smith JA, Tajuddin SM, Vaidya D, Wren MP, Yao J, Zhu X, Ziegler JT, Zmuda JM, Zonderman AB, Zwinderman AH, Adeyemo A, Boerwinkle E, Ferrucci L, Hayes MG, Kardia SL, Miljkovic I, Pankow JS, Rotimi CN, Sale MM, Wagenknecht LE, Arnett DK, Chen YD, Nalls MA, Province MA, Kao WH, Siscovick DS, Psaty BM, Wilson JG, Loos RJ, Dupuis J, Rich SS, Florez JC, Rotter JI, Morris AP, Meigs JB. Trans-ethnic Meta-analysis and Functional Annotation Illuminates the Genetic Architecture of Fasting Glucose and Insulin. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Jul 07; 99(1):56-75. PMID: 27321945.
      Citations:    
    63. Zhang YT, Laraia BA, Mujahid MS, Blanchard SD, Warton EM, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Is a reduction in distance to nearest supermarket associated with BMI change among type 2 diabetes patients? Health Place. 2016 07; 40:15-20. PMID: 27160530.
      Citations:    
    64. Adams AS, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Jaffe M, Schillinger D, Callaghan B, Piette J, Adler NE, Bauer A, Karter AJ. Communication Barriers and the Clinical Recognition of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in a Diverse Cohort of Adults: The DISTANCE Study. J Health Commun. 2016 05; 21(5):544-53. PMID: 27116591.
      Citations:    
    65. Tamayo A, Karter AJ, Mujahid MS, Warton EM, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Hendrickson O'Connell B, Laraia B. Associations of perceived neighborhood safety and crime with cardiometabolic risk factors among a population with type 2 diabetes. Health Place. 2016 05; 39:116-21. PMID: 27060870.
      Citations:    
    66. Downing J, Karter A, Rodriguez H, Dow WH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Warton M, Laraia B. No Spillover Effect of the Foreclosure Crisis on Weight Change: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0151334. PMID: 26985671.
      Citations:    
    67. Lafata JE, Karter AJ, O'Connor PJ, Morris H, Schmittdiel JA, Ratliff S, Newton KM, Raebel MA, Pathak RD, Thomas A, Butler MG, Reynolds K, Waitzfelder B, Steiner JF. Medication Adherence Does Not Explain Black-White Differences in Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Control among Insured Patients with Diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Feb; 31(2):188-195. PMID: 26282954.
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    68. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Jaffe MG, Sidney S, Karter AJ. Ethnic Differences in Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in a Large Contemporary Population. Am J Prev Med. 2016 May; 50(5):637-641. PMID: 26831216.
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    69. Pathak RD, Schroeder EB, Seaquist ER, Zeng C, Lafata JE, Thomas A, Desai J, Waitzfelder B, Nichols GA, Lawrence JM, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Segal J, O'Connor PJ. Severe Hypoglycemia Requiring Medical Intervention in a Large Cohort of Adults With Diabetes Receiving Care in U.S. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems: 2005-2011. Diabetes Care. 2016 Mar; 39(3):363-70. PMID: 26681726.
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    70. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Jaffe M, Karter AJ. Diabetes and Prior Coronary Heart Disease are Not Necessarily Risk Equivalent for Future Coronary Heart Disease Events. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Apr; 31(4):387-93. PMID: 26666660.
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    71. Rana JS, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Solomon MD, Go AS, Jaffe MG, Karter AJ. Metabolic Dyslipidemia and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in 28,318 Adults With Diabetes Mellitus and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol <100 mg/dl. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Dec 01; 116(11):1700-4. PMID: 26428026.
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    72. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Schillinger D, Ralston JD, Allen JY, Nguyen R, Karter AJ. Refilling medications through an online patient portal: consistent improvements in adherence across racial/ethnic groups. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr; 23(e1):e28-33. PMID: 26335983.
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    73. Desai JR, Vazquez-Benitez G, Xu Z, Schroeder EB, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Nichols GA, Reynolds K, Xu S, Newton K, Pathak RD, Waitzfelder B, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Kirchner HL, Thomas A, O'Connor PJ. Who Must We Target Now to Minimize Future Cardiovascular Events and Total Mortality?: Lessons From the Surveillance, Prevention and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) Cohort Study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015 Sep; 8(5):508-16. PMID: 26307132.
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    74. Lyles CR, Seligman HK, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Piette JD, Karter AJ. Financial Strain and Medication Adherence among Diabetes Patients in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2016 Apr; 51(2):610-24. PMID: 26256117.
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    75. Ratanawongsa N, Karter AJ, Quan J, Parker MM, Handley M, Sarkar U, Schmittdiel JA, Schillinger D. Reach and Validity of an Objective Medication Adherence Measure Among Safety Net Health Plan Members with Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2015 Aug; 21(8):688-98. PMID: 26233541.
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    76. Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adams A, Karter AJ. An algorithm to identify medication nonpersistence using electronic pharmacy databases. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Sep; 22(5):957-61. PMID: 26078413.
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    77. Zhang YT, Laraia BA, Mujahid MS, Tamayo A, Blanchard SD, Warton EM, Kelly NM, Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Adler N, Karter AJ. Does food vendor density mediate the association between neighborhood deprivation and BMI?: a G-computation mediation analysis. Epidemiology. 2015 May; 26(3):344-52. PMID: 25741628.
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    78. Schroeder EB, Powers JD, O'Connor PJ, Nichols GA, Xu S, Desai JR, Karter AJ, Morales LS, Newton KM, Pathak RD, Vazquez-Benitez G, Raebel MA, Butler MG, Lafata JE, Reynolds K, Thomas A, Waitzfelder BE, Steiner JF. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among individuals with diabetes in the SUPREME-DM Project, 2005-2011. J Diabetes Complications. 2015 Jul; 29(5):637-43. PMID: 25936953.
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    79. Schmittdiel JA, Nichols GA, Dyer W, Steiner JF, Karter AJ, Raebel MA. Health care system-level factors associated with performance on Medicare STAR adherence metrics in a large, integrated delivery system. Med Care. 2015 Apr; 53(4):332-7. PMID: 25719517.
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    80. Vazquez-Benitez G, Desai JR, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Schroeder EB, Nichols GA, Segal J, Butler MG, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Newton KM, Morales LS, Pathak RD, Thomas A, Reynolds K, Kirchner HL, Waitzfelder B, Elston Lafata J, Adibhatla R, Xu Z, O'Connor PJ. Preventable major cardiovascular events associated with uncontrolled glucose, blood pressure, and lipids and active smoking in adults with diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease: a contemporary analysis. Diabetes Care. 2015 May; 38(5):905-12. PMID: 25710922.
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    81. Karter AJ, Laiteerapong N, Chin MH, Moffet HH, Parker MM, Sudore R, Adams AS, Schillinger D, Adler NS, Whitmer RA, Piette JD, Huang ES. Ethnic Differences in Geriatric Conditions and Diabetes Complications Among Older, Insured Adults With Diabetes: The Diabetes and Aging Study. J Aging Health. 2015 Aug; 27(5):894-918. PMID: 25659747.
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    82. Grant RW, Huang ES, Wexler DJ, Laiteerapong N, Warton ME, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Patients who self-monitor blood glucose and their unused testing results. Am J Manag Care. 2015 Feb 01; 21(2):e119-29. PMID: 25880487.
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    83. Wessel J, Chu AY, Willems SM, Wang S, Yaghootkar H, Brody JA, Dauriz M, Hivert MF, Raghavan S, Lipovich L, Hidalgo B, Fox K, Huffman JE, An P, Lu Y, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Grarup N, Ehm MG, Li L, Baldridge AS, Stancáková A, Abrol R, Besse C, Boland A, Bork-Jensen J, Fornage M, Freitag DF, Garcia ME, Guo X, Hara K, Isaacs A, Jakobsdottir J, Lange LA, Layton JC, Li M, Hua Zhao J, Meidtner K, Morrison AC, Nalls MA, Peters MJ, Sabater-Lleal M, Schurmann C, Silveira A, Smith AV, Southam L, Stoiber MH, Strawbridge RJ, Taylor KD, Varga TV, Allin KH, Amin N, Aponte JL, Aung T, Barbieri C, Bihlmeyer NA, Boehnke M, Bombieri C, Bowden DW, Burns SM, Chen Y, Chen YD, Cheng CY, Correa A, Czajkowski J, Dehghan A, Ehret GB, Eiriksdottir G, Escher SA, Farmaki AE, Frånberg M, Gambaro G, Giulianini F, Goddard WA, Goel A, Gottesman O, Grove ML, Gustafsson S, Hai Y, Hallmans G, Heo J, Hoffmann P, Ikram MK, Jensen RA, Jørgensen ME, Jørgensen T, Karaleftheri M, Khor CC, Kirkpatrick A, Kraja AT, Kuusisto J, Lange EM, Lee IT, Lee WJ, Leong A, Liao J, Liu C, Liu Y, Lindgren CM, Linneberg A, Malerba G, Mamakou V, Marouli E, Maruthur NM, Matchan A, McKean-Cowdin R, McLeod O, Metcalf GA, Mohlke KL, Muzny DM, Ntalla I, Palmer ND, Pasko D, Peter A, Rayner NW, Renström F, Rice K, Sala CF, Sennblad B, Serafetinidis I, Smith JA, Soranzo N, Speliotes EK, Stahl EA, Stirrups K, Tentolouris N, Thanopoulou A, Torres M, Traglia M, Tsafantakis E, Javad S, Yanek LR, Zengini E, Becker DM, Bis JC, Brown JB, Cupples LA, Hansen T, Ingelsson E, Karter AJ, Lorenzo C, Mathias RA, Norris JM, Peloso GM, Sheu WH, Toniolo D, Vaidya D, Varma R, Wagenknecht LE, Boeing H, Bottinger EP, Dedoussis G, Deloukas P, Ferrannini E, Franco OH, Franks PW, Gibbs RA, Gudnason V, Hamsten A, Harris TB, Hattersley AT, Hayward C, Hofman A, Jansson JH, Langenberg C, Launer LJ, Levy D, Oostra BA, O'Donnell CJ, O'Rahilly S, Padmanabhan S, Pankow JS, Polasek O, Province MA, Rich SS, Ridker PM, Rudan I, Schulze MB, Smith BH, Uitterlinden AG, Walker M, Watkins H, Wong TY, Zeggini E, Laakso M, Borecki IB, Chasman DI, Pedersen O, Psaty BM, Tai ES, van Duijn CM, Wareham NJ, Waterworth DM, Boerwinkle E, Kao WH, Florez JC, Loos RJ, Wilson JG, Frayling TM, Siscovick DS, Dupuis J, Rotter JI, Meigs JB, Scott RA, Goodarzi MO. Low-frequency and rare exome chip variants associate with fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes susceptibility. Nat Commun. 2015 Jan 29; 6:5897. PMID: 25631608.
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    84. Nichols GA, Schroeder EB, Karter AJ, Gregg EW, Desai J, Lawrence JM, O'Connor PJ, Xu S, Newton KM, Raebel MA, Pathak RD, Waitzfelder B, Segal J, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Kirchner HL, Thomas A, Steiner JF. Trends in diabetes incidence among 7 million insured adults, 2006-2011: the SUPREME-DM project. Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Jan 01; 181(1):32-9. PMID: 25515167.
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    85. Laraia BA, Blanchard SD, Karter AJ, Jones-Smith JC, Warton M, Kersten E, Jerrett M, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Kelly M. Spatial pattern of body mass index among adults in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Int J Health Geogr. 2014 Dec 04; 13:48. PMID: 25471753.
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    86. Schmittdiel J, Raebel M, Dyer W, Steiner J, Goodrich G, Karter A, Nichols G, Schmittdiel J, Raebel M, Dyer W, Steiner J, Goodrich G, Karter A, Nichols G. Medicare Star excludes diabetes patients with poor CVD risk factor control. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Dec; 20(12):e581-9. PMID: 25665192.
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    87. Schmittdiel J, Raebel M, Dyer W, Steiner J, Goodrich G, Karter A, Nichols G. Medicare Star excludes diabetes patients with poor CVD risk factor control. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Dec 01; 20(12):e573-81. PMID: 25741874.
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    88. Rosland AM, Piette JD, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adler NE, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Social support and lifestyle vs. medical diabetes self-management in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Ann Behav Med. 2014 Dec; 48(3):438-47. PMID: 24794624.
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    89. Karter AJ, Nundy S, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Huang ES. Incidence of remission in adults with type 2 diabetes: the diabetes & aging study. Diabetes Care. 2014 Dec; 37(12):3188-95. PMID: 25231895.
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    90. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Duru OK, Schillinger D, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Adams AS, Chan J, Herman WH, Schmittdiel JA. Impact of a pharmacy benefit change on new use of mail order pharmacy among diabetes patients: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2015 Apr; 50(2):537-59. PMID: 25131156.
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    91. Bauer AM, Parker MM, Schillinger D, Katon W, Adler N, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Associations between antidepressant adherence and shared decision-making, patient-provider trust, and communication among adults with diabetes: diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Aug; 29(8):1139-47. PMID: 24706097.
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    92. Schmittdiel JA, Raebel MA, Dyer W, Xu S, Goodrich GK, Schroeder EB, Segal JB, O' Connor PJ, Nichols GA, Lawrence JM, Kirchner HL, Karter AJ, Lafata JE, Butler MG, Steiner JF. Prescription medication burden in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes: a SUrveillance, PREvention, and ManagEment of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) study. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2014 Jul-Aug; 54(4):374-82. PMID: 24860866.
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    93. Lipska KJ, Ross JS, Wang Y, Inzucchi SE, Minges K, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Desai MM, Gill TM, Krumholz HM. National trends in US hospital admissions for hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia among Medicare beneficiaries, 1999 to 2011. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jul; 174(7):1116-24. PMID: 24838229.
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    94. Bailey SC, Brega AG, Crutchfield TM, Elasy T, Herr H, Kaphingst K, Karter AJ, Moreland-Russell S, Osborn CY, Pignone M, Rothman R, Schillinger D. Update on health literacy and diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2014 Sep-Oct; 40(5):581-604. PMID: 24947871.
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    95. Kimbro LB, Mangione CM, Steers WN, Duru OK, McEwen L, Karter A, Ettner SL. Depression and all-cause mortality in persons with diabetes mellitus: are older adults at higher risk? Results from the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jun; 62(6):1017-22. PMID: 24823259.
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    96. Berkowitz SA, Karter AJ, Lyles CR, Liu JY, Schillinger D, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Sarkar U. Low socioeconomic status is associated with increased risk for hypoglycemia in diabetes patients: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2014 May; 25(2):478-90. PMID: 24858863.
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    97. Sarkar U, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Allen J, Nguyen R, Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Use of the refill function through an online patient portal is associated with improved adherence to statins in an integrated health system. Med Care. 2014 Mar; 52(3):194-201. PMID: 24374412.
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    98. Huang ES, Laiteerapong N, Liu JY, John PM, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Rates of complications and mortality in older patients with diabetes mellitus: the diabetes and aging study. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Feb 01; 174(2):251-8. PMID: 24322595.
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    99. Moffet HH, Warton EM, Parker MM, Liu JY, Lyles CR, Karter AJ. The DISTANCE model for collaborative research: distributing analytic effort using scrambled data sets. Inf Secur Comput Fraud. 2014; 2(3):33-38. PMID: 25584364.
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    100. Exalto LG, Biessels GJ, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Quesenberry CP, Whitmer RA. Severe diabetic retinal disease and dementia risk in type 2 diabetes. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014; 42 Suppl 3:S109-17. PMID: 24625797.
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    101. Mayeda ER, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Moffet HH, Haan MN, Whitmer RA. Racial/ethnic differences in dementia risk among older type 2 diabetic patients: the diabetes and aging study. Diabetes Care. 2014 Apr; 37(4):1009-15. PMID: 24271192.
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    102. Schmittdiel JA, Karter AJ, Dyer WT, Chan J, Duru OK. Safety and effectiveness of mail order pharmacy use in diabetes. Am J Manag Care. 2013 Nov; 19(11):882-7. PMID: 24511986.
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    103. Lee SJ, Karter AJ, Thai JN, Van Den Eeden SK, Huang ES. Glycemic control and urinary incontinence in women with diabetes mellitus. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2013 Dec; 22(12):1049-55. PMID: 24032999.
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    104. Exalto LG, Biessels GJ, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Katon WJ, Minkoff JR, Whitmer RA. Risk score for prediction of 10 year dementia risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes: a cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2013 Nov; 1(3):183-90. PMID: 24622366.
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    105. Raebel MA, Schmittdiel J, Karter AJ, Konieczny JL, Steiner JF. Standardizing terminology and definitions of medication adherence and persistence in research employing electronic databases. Med Care. 2013 Aug; 51(8 Suppl 3):S11-21. PMID: 23774515.
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    106. Lipska KJ, Warton EM, Huang ES, Moffet HH, Inzucchi SE, Krumholz HM, Karter AJ. HbA1c and risk of severe hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes and Aging Study. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3535-42. PMID: 23900589.
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    107. Ylitalo KR, McEwen LN, Karter AJ, Lee P, Herman WH. Self-reported physical functioning and mortality among individuals with type 2 diabetes: insights from TRIAD. J Diabetes Complications. 2013 Nov-Dec; 27(6):565-9. PMID: 23891274.
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    108. Laiteerapong N, Karter AJ, John PM, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Liu JY, Adler N, Chin MH, Huang ES. Ethnic differences in quality of life in insured older adults with diabetes mellitus in an integrated delivery system. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jul; 61(7):1103-10. PMID: 23796021.
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    109. Campbell KH, Huang ES, Dale W, Parker MM, John PM, Young BA, Moffet HH, Laiteerapong N, Karter AJ. Association between estimated GFR, health-related quality of life, and depression among older adults with diabetes: the Diabetes and Aging Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Sep; 62(3):541-8. PMID: 23746376.
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    110. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Ralston JD, Adler N, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Huang ES, Karter AJ. Patient-provider communication and trust in relation to use of an online patient portal among diabetes patients: The Diabetes and Aging Study. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Nov-Dec; 20(6):1128-31. PMID: 23676243.
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    111. Jones-Smith JC, Karter AJ, Warton EM, Kelly M, Kersten E, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Laraia BA. Obesity and the food environment: income and ethnicity differences among people with diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Diabetes Care. 2013 Sep; 36(9):2697-705. PMID: 23637355.
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    112. Hudson DL, Karter AJ, Fernandez A, Parker M, Adams AS, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Zhou J, Adler NE. Differences in the clinical recognition of depression in diabetes patients: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Am J Manag Care. 2013 May; 19(5):344-52. PMID: 23781889.
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    113. Bauer AM, Schillinger D, Parker MM, Katon W, Adler N, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Karter AJ. Health literacy and antidepressant medication adherence among adults with diabetes: the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Sep; 28(9):1181-7. PMID: 23512335.
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    114. Lorenzo C, Hartnett S, Hanley AJ, Rewers MJ, Wagenknecht LE, Karter AJ, Haffner SM. Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance have distinct lipoprotein and apolipoprotein changes: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Apr; 98(4):1622-30. PMID: 23450048.
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    115. Ratanawongsa N, Karter AJ, Parker MM, Lyles CR, Heisler M, Moffet HH, Adler N, Warton EM, Schillinger D. Communication and medication refill adherence: the Diabetes Study of Northern California. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 11; 173(3):210-8. PMID: 23277199.
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    116. Stoddard PJ, Laraia BA, Warton EM, Moffet HH, Adler NE, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Neighborhood deprivation and change in BMI among adults with type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Diabetes Care. 2013 May; 36(5):1200-8. PMID: 23275367.
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    117. Karter AJ, Schillinger D, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Liu J, Adler NE, Kanaya AM. Elevated rates of diabetes in Pacific Islanders and Asian subgroups: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Diabetes Care. 2013 Mar; 36(3):574-9. PMID: 23069837.
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    118. Lee PG, McEwen LN, Waitzfelder B, Subramanian U, Karter AJ, Mangione CM, Herman WH. Is the physical functioning of older adults with diabetes associated with the processes and outcomes of care? Evidence from Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabet Med. 2012 Sep; 29(9):e321-5. PMID: 22268866.
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    119. Sudore RL, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Moffet HH, Laiteerapong N, Schenker Y, Adams A, Whitmer RA, Liu JY, Miao Y, John PM, Schillinger D. Symptom burden of adults with type 2 diabetes across the disease course: diabetes & aging study. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Dec; 27(12):1674-81. PMID: 22854982.
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    120. Lu SE, Beckles GL, Crosson JC, Bilik D, Karter AJ, Gerzoff RB, Lin Y, Ross SV, McEwen LN, Waitzfelder BE, Marrero D, Lasser N, Brown AF. Evaluation of risk equations for prediction of short-term coronary heart disease events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. BMC Endocr Disord. 2012 Jul 09; 12:12. PMID: 22776317.
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    121. Hsu WC, Boyko EJ, Fujimoto WY, Kanaya A, Karmally W, Karter A, King GL, Look M, Maskarinec G, Misra R, Tavake-Pasi F, Arakaki R. Pathophysiologic differences among Asians, native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and treatment implications. Diabetes Care. 2012 May; 35(5):1189-98. PMID: 22517940.
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    122. McEwen LN, Karter AJ, Waitzfelder BE, Crosson JC, Marrero DG, Mangione CM, Herman WH. Predictors of mortality over 8 years in type 2 diabetic patients: Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2012 Jun; 35(6):1301-9. PMID: 22432119.
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    123. Laraia BA, Karter AJ, Warton EM, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Adler N. Place matters: neighborhood deprivation and cardiometabolic risk factors in the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Soc Sci Med. 2012 Apr; 74(7):1082-90. PMID: 22373821.
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    124. Ratanawongsa N, Crosson JC, Schillinger D, Karter AJ, Saha CK, Marrero DG. Getting under the skin of clinical inertia in insulin initiation: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Insulin Starts Project. Diabetes Educ. 2012 Jan-Feb; 38(1):94-100. PMID: 22222513.
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    125. Katon W, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Whitmer RA. Association of depression with increased risk of dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes and Aging Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 69(4):410-7. PMID: 22147809.
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    126. Choi AI, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Young BA, Go AS, Schillinger D. Ethnic differences in the development of albuminuria: the DISTANCE study. Am J Manag Care. 2011 Nov; 17(11):737-45. PMID: 22084893.
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    127. Parker MM, Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Adler N, Fernandez A, Ciechanowski P, Karter AJ. Ethnic differences in appointment-keeping and implications for the patient-centered medical home--findings from the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health Serv Res. 2012 Apr; 47(2):572-93. PMID: 22091785.
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    128. Moskowitz D, Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Adler N, Moffet HH, Schillinger D. Patient reported interpersonal processes of care and perceived social position: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Mar; 90(3):392-8. PMID: 21855266.
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    129. Lorenzo C, Wagenknecht LE, Karter AJ, Hanley AJ, Rewers MJ, Haffner SM. Cross-sectional and longitudinal changes of glucose effectiveness in relation to glucose tolerance: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. Diabetes Care. 2011 Sep; 34(9):1959-64. PMID: 21788626.
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    130. Schmittdiel JA, Karter AJ, Dyer W, Parker M, Uratsu C, Chan J, Duru OK. The comparative effectiveness of mail order pharmacy use vs. local pharmacy use on LDL-C control in new statin users. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Dec; 26(12):1396-402. PMID: 21773848.
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    131. McEwen LN, Karter AJ, Curb JD, Marrero DG, Crosson JC, Herman WH. Temporal trends in recording of diabetes on death certificates: results from Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2011 Jul; 34(7):1529-33. PMID: 21709292.
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    132. Laiteerapong N, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Sudore R, Schillinger D, John PM, Huang ES. Correlates of quality of life in older adults with diabetes: the diabetes & aging study. Diabetes Care. 2011 Aug; 34(8):1749-53. PMID: 21636795.
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    133. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler N. Provider factors and patient-reported healthcare discrimination in the Diabetes Study of California (DISTANCE). Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Dec; 85(3):e216-24. PMID: 21605956.
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    134. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler N. Patient-reported racial/ethnic healthcare provider discrimination and medication intensification in the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Oct; 26(10):1138-44. PMID: 21547610.
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    135. Moffet HH, Parker MM, Sarkar U, Schillinger D, Fernandez A, Adler NE, Adams AS, Karter AJ. Adherence to laboratory test requests by patients with diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Am J Manag Care. 2011 May; 17(5):339-44. PMID: 21718081.
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    136. Huang ES, Liu JY, Moffet HH, John PM, Karter AJ. Glycemic control, complications, and death in older diabetic patients: the diabetes and aging study. Diabetes Care. 2011 Jun; 34(6):1329-36. PMID: 21505211.
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    137. McEwen LN, Kim C, Ettner SL, Herman WH, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Competing demands for time and self-care behaviors, processes of care, and intermediate outcomes among people with diabetes: Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2011 May; 34(5):1180-2. PMID: 21464464.
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    138. Kanaya AM, Adler N, Moffet HH, Liu J, Schillinger D, Adams A, Ahmed AT, Karter AJ. Heterogeneity of diabetes outcomes among asians and pacific islanders in the US: the diabetes study of northern california (DISTANCE). Diabetes Care. 2011 Apr; 34(4):930-7. PMID: 21350114.
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    139. Callaghan BC, Feldman E, Liu J, Kerber K, Pop-Busui R, Moffet H, Karter AJ. Triglycerides and amputation risk in patients with diabetes: ten-year follow-up in the DISTANCE study. Diabetes Care. 2011 Mar; 34(3):635-40. PMID: 21285390.
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    140. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler NE. Correlates of patient-reported racial/ethnic health care discrimination in the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2011 Feb; 22(1):211-25. PMID: 21317516.
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    141. Sarkar U, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Adler NE, Nguyen R, López A, Schillinger D. Social disparities in internet patient portal use in diabetes: evidence that the digital divide extends beyond access. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 May 01; 18(3):318-21. PMID: 21262921.
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    142. Duru OK, Bilik D, McEwen LN, Brown AF, Karter AJ, Curb JD, Marrero DG, Lu SE, Rodriguez M, Mangione CM. Primary language, income and the intensification of anti-glycemic medications in managed care: the (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 May; 26(5):505-11. PMID: 21174165.
      Citations:    
    143. Fernandez A, Schillinger D, Warton EM, Adler N, Moffet HH, Schenker Y, Salgado MV, Ahmed A, Karter AJ. Language barriers, physician-patient language concordance, and glycemic control among insured Latinos with diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Feb; 26(2):170-6. PMID: 20878497.
      Citations:    
    144. Waitzfelder B, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Crystal S, Bair MJ, Ettner SL, Brown AF, Subramanian U, Lu SE, Marrero D, Herman WH, Selby JV, Dudley RA. Correlates of depression among people with diabetes: The Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Prim Care Diabetes. 2010 Dec; 4(4):215-22. PMID: 20832375.
      Citations:    
    145. Tseng CW, Waitzfelder BE, Tierney EF, Gerzoff RB, Marrero DG, Piette JD, Karter AJ, Curb JD, Chung R, Mangione CM, Crosson JC, Dudley RA. Patients' willingness to discuss trade-offs to lower their out-of-pocket drug costs. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Sep 13; 170(16):1502-4. PMID: 20837840.
      Citations:    
    146. Lorenzo C, Wagenknecht LE, Rewers MJ, Karter AJ, Bergman RN, Hanley AJ, Haffner SM. Disposition index, glucose effectiveness, and conversion to type 2 diabetes: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Care. 2010 Sep; 33(9):2098-103. PMID: 20805282.
      Citations:    
    147. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Schmittdiel JA, Ahmed AT, Selby JV. Primary non-adherence to prescribed medications. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Aug; 25(8):763; author reply 765. PMID: 20440573.
      Citations:    
    148. Bilik D, McEwen LN, Brown MB, Pomeroy NE, Kim C, Asao K, Crosson JC, Duru OK, Ferrara A, Hsiao VC, Karter AJ, Lee PG, Marrero DG, Selby JV, Subramanian U, Herman WH. Thiazolidinediones and fractures: evidence from translating research into action for diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Oct; 95(10):4560-5. PMID: 20631021.
      Citations:    
    149. Bilik D, McEwen LN, Brown MB, Selby JV, Karter AJ, Marrero DG, Hsiao VC, Tseng CW, Mangione CM, Lasser NL, Crosson JC, Herman WH. Thiazolidinediones, cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular mortality: translating research into action for diabetes (TRIAD). Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Jul; 19(7):715-21. PMID: 20583206.
      Citations:    
    150. Lorenzo C, Wagenknecht LE, Hanley AJ, Rewers MJ, Karter AJ, Haffner SM. A1C between 5.7 and 6.4% as a marker for identifying pre-diabetes, insulin sensitivity and secretion, and cardiovascular risk factors: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Care. 2010 Sep; 33(9):2104-9. PMID: 20573754.
      Citations:    
    151. Sarkar U, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Adler NE, Schillinger D. Hypoglycemia is more common among type 2 diabetes patients with limited health literacy: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Sep; 25(9):962-8. PMID: 20480249.
      Citations:    
    152. Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Weintraub JA, Adler N, Liu JY, Selby JV, Karter AJ. Social disparities in dental insurance and annual dental visits among medically insured patients with diabetes: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE) Survey. Prev Chronic Dis. 2010 May; 7(3):A57. PMID: 20394696.
      Citations:    
    153. Rees CA, Karter AJ, Young BA. Race/ethnicity, social support, and associations with diabetes self-care and clinical outcomes in NHANES. Diabetes Educ. 2010 May-Jun; 36(3):435-45. PMID: 20332281.
      Citations:    
    154. Schenker Y, Karter AJ, Schillinger D, Warton EM, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Ahmed AT, Fernandez A. The impact of limited English proficiency and physician language concordance on reports of clinical interactions among patients with diabetes: the DISTANCE study. Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Nov; 81(2):222-8. PMID: 20223615.
      Citations:    
    155. Karter AJ, Subramanian U, Saha C, Crosson JC, Parker MM, Swain BE, Moffet HH, Marrero DG. Barriers to insulin initiation: the translating research into action for diabetes insulin starts project. Diabetes Care. 2010 Apr; 33(4):733-5. PMID: 20086256.
      Citations:    
    156. Duru OK, Schmittdiel JA, Dyer WT, Parker MM, Uratsu CS, Chan J, Karter AJ. Mail-order pharmacy use and adherence to diabetes-related medications. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Jan; 16(1):33-40. PMID: 20148603.
      Citations:    
    157. Sarkar U, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Adler NE, Nguyen R, Lopez A, Schillinger D. The literacy divide: health literacy and the use of an internet-based patient portal in an integrated health system-results from the diabetes study of northern California (DISTANCE). J Health Commun. 2010; 15 Suppl 2:183-96. PMID: 20845203.
      Citations:    
    158. Gregg EW, Karter AJ, Gerzoff RB, Safford M, Brown AF, Tseng CW, Waitzfielder B, Herman WH, Mangione CM, Selby JV, Thompson TJ, Dudley RA. Characteristics of insured patients with persistent gaps in diabetes care services: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Med Care. 2010 Jan; 48(1):31-7. PMID: 20009778.
      Citations:    
    159. Ahmed AT, Go AS, Warton EM, Parker MM, Karter AJ. Ethnic differences in anemia among patients with diabetes mellitus: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Am J Hematol. 2010 Jan; 85(1):57-61. PMID: 20029942.
      Citations:    
    160. Huang ES, Karter AJ, Danielson KK, Warton EM, Ahmed AT. The association between the number of prescription medications and incident falls in a multi-ethnic population of adult type-2 diabetes patients: the diabetes and aging study. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Feb; 25(2):141-6. PMID: 19967465.
      Citations:    
    161. Katon W, Russo J, Lin EH, Heckbert SR, Karter AJ, Williams LH, Ciechanowski P, Ludman E, Von Korff M. Diabetes and poor disease control: is comorbid depression associated with poor medication adherence or lack of treatment intensification? Psychosom Med. 2009 Nov; 71(9):965-72. PMID: 19834047.
      Citations:    
    162. Lorenzo C, Wagenknecht LE, D'Agostino RB, Rewers MJ, Karter AJ, Haffner SM. Insulin resistance, beta-cell dysfunction, and conversion to type 2 diabetes in a multiethnic population: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care. 2010 Jan; 33(1):67-72. PMID: 19808919.
      Citations:    
    163. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Ahmed AT, Schmittdiel JA, Selby JV. New prescription medication gaps: a comprehensive measure of adherence to new prescriptions. Health Serv Res. 2009 Oct; 44(5 Pt 1):1640-61. PMID: 19500161.
      Citations:    
    164. Ettner SL, Cadwell BL, Russell LB, Brown A, Karter AJ, Safford M, Mangione C, Beckles G, Herman WH, Thompson TJ. Investing time in health: do socioeconomically disadvantaged patients spend more or less extra time on diabetes self-care? Health Econ. 2009 Jun; 18(6):645-63. PMID: 18709636.
      Citations:    
    165. Duru OK, Gerzoff RB, Selby JV, Brown AF, Ackermann RT, Karter AJ, Ross S, Steers N, Herman WH, Waitzfelder B, Mangione CM. Identifying risk factors for racial disparities in diabetes outcomes: the translating research into action for diabetes study. Med Care. 2009 Jun; 47(6):700-6. PMID: 19480090.
      Citations:    
    166. Whitmer RA, Karter AJ, Yaffe K, Quesenberry CP, Selby JV. Hypoglycemic episodes and risk of dementia in older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. JAMA. 2009 Apr 15; 301(15):1565-72. PMID: 19366776.
      Citations:    
    167. Selby JV, Uratsu CS, Fireman B, Schmittdiel JA, Peng T, Rodondi N, Karter AJ, Kerr EA. Treatment intensification and risk factor control: toward more clinically relevant quality measures. Med Care. 2009 Apr; 47(4):395-402. PMID: 19330888.
      Citations:    
    168. McEwen LN, Bilik D, Johnson SL, Halter JB, Karter AJ, Mangione CM, Subramanian U, Waitzfelder B, Crosson JC, Herman WH. Predictors and impact of intensification of antihyperglycemic therapy in type 2 diabetes: translating research into action for diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2009 Jun; 32(6):971-6. PMID: 19228862.
      Citations:    
    169. Duru OK, Gerzoff RB, Brown AF, Karter AJ, Kim C, Kountz D, Narayan KM, Schneider SH, Tseng CW, Waitzfelder B, Mangione CM. Predictors of sustained walking among diabetes patients in managed care: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1194-9. PMID: 18452046.
      Citations:    
    170. Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Ahmed AT, Laraia B, Selby JV, Neugebauer R, Liu JY, Parker MM, Warton M, Karter AJ. Cohort Profile: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE)--objectives and design of a survey follow-up study of social health disparities in a managed care population. Int J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb; 38(1):38-47. PMID: 18326513.
      Citations:    
    171. Schmittdiel JA, Uratsu CS, Karter AJ, Heisler M, Subramanian U, Mangione CM, Selby JV. Why don't diabetes patients achieve recommended risk factor targets? Poor adherence versus lack of treatment intensification. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 May; 23(5):588-94. PMID: 18317847.
      Citations:    
    172. Ahmed AT, Karter AJ, Warton EM, Doan JU, Weisner CM. The relationship between alcohol consumption and glycemic control among patients with diabetes: the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Mar; 23(3):275-82. PMID: 18183468.
      Citations:    
    173. Selby JV, Swain BE, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Waitzfelder BE, Brown AF, Ackermann RT, Duru OK, Ferrara A, Herman W, Marrero DG, Caputo D, Narayan KM. Understanding the gap between good processes of diabetes care and poor intermediate outcomes: Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Med Care. 2007 Dec; 45(12):1144-53. PMID: 18007164.
      Citations:    
    174. Tseng CW, Tierney EF, Gerzoff RB, Dudley RA, Waitzfelder B, Ackermann RT, Karter AJ, Piette J, Crosson JC, Ngo-Metzger Q, Chung R, Mangione CM. Race/ethnicity and economic differences in cost-related medication underuse among insured adults with diabetes: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb; 31(2):261-6. PMID: 18000177.
      Citations:    
    175. Gary TL, Safford MM, Gerzoff RB, Ettner SL, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Perception of neighborhood problems, health behaviors, and diabetes outcomes among adults with diabetes in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb; 31(2):273-8. PMID: 18000180.
      Citations:    
    176. Karter AJ, Moffet HH, Liu J, Parker MM, Ahmed AT, Go AS, Selby JV. Glycemic response to newly initiated diabetes therapies. Am J Manag Care. 2007 Nov; 13(11):598-606. PMID: 17988185.
      Citations:    
    177. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Brown AF, Duru OK, Gregg EW, Gary TL, Beckles GL, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Piette JD, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in health behaviors among patients with diabetes: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. BMC Public Health. 2007 Oct 29; 7:308. PMID: 17967177.
      Citations:    
    178. Beckles GL, Williamson DF, Brown AF, Gregg EW, Karter AJ, Kim C, Dudley RA, Safford MM, Stevens MR, Thompson TJ. Agreement between self-reports and medical records was only fair in a cross-sectional study of performance of annual eye examinations among adults with diabetes in managed care. Med Care. 2007 Sep; 45(9):876-83. PMID: 17712258.
      Citations:    
    179. Marras C, Van den Eeden SK, Fross RD, Benedict-Albers KS, Klingman J, Leimpeter AD, Nelson LM, Risch N, Karter AJ, Bernstein AL, Tanner CM. Minimum incidence of primary cervical dystonia in a multiethnic health care population. Neurology. 2007 Aug 14; 69(7):676-80. PMID: 17698789.
      Citations:    
    180. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Ahmed AT, Chan J, Spence MM, Selby JV, Ettner SL. Effect of cost-sharing changes on self-monitoring of blood glucose. Am J Manag Care. 2007 Jul; 13(7):408-16. PMID: 17620036.
      Citations:    
    181. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Gregg EW, Brown AF, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Duru OK, Gary TL, Piette JD, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Beckles GL, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in rates of smoking among diabetic adults: the translating research into action for diabetes study. Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb; 98(2):365-70. PMID: 17600269.
      Citations:    
    182. Kolb H, Martin S, Karter AJ. Comment on: Davidson MB (2007) The dilemma of self-monitoring of blood glucose. Diabetologia 50:497-499. Diabetologia. 2007 Jul; 50(7):1565-6; author reply 1567-8. PMID: 17486313.
      Citations:    
    183. McEwen LN, Kim C, Karter AJ, Haan MN, Ghosh D, Lantz PM, Mangione CM, Thompson TJ, Herman WH. Risk factors for mortality among patients with diabetes: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jul; 30(7):1736-41. PMID: 17468353.
      Citations:    
    184. Duru OK, Mangione CM, Steers NW, Herman WH, Karter AJ, Kountz D, Marrero DG, Safford MM, Waitzfelder B, Gerzoff RB, Huh S, Brown AF. The association between clinical care strategies and the attenuation of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. Med Care. 2006 Dec; 44(12):1121-8. PMID: 17122717.
      Citations:    
    185. Kirk JK, D'Agostino RB, Bell RA, Passmore LV, Bonds DE, Karter AJ, Narayan KM. Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep; 29(9):2130-6. PMID: 16936167.
      Citations:    
    186. Johnson SL, Tierney EF, Onyemere KU, Tseng CW, Safford MM, Karter AJ, Ferrara A, Duru OK, Brown AF, Narayan KM, Thompson TJ, Herman WH. Who is tested for diabetic kidney disease and who initiates treatment? The Translating Research Into Action For Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1733-8. PMID: 16873772.
      Citations:    
    187. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Spence MM, Chan J, Ettner SL, Selby JV. Longitudinal study of new and prevalent use of self-monitoring of blood glucose. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1757-63. PMID: 16873776.
      Citations:    
    188. Ahmed AT, Karter AJ, Liu J. Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with adherence to diabetes self-care behaviours. Diabet Med. 2006 Jul; 23(7):795-802. PMID: 16842486.
      Citations:    
    189. Schillinger D, Barton LR, Karter AJ, Wang F, Adler N. Does literacy mediate the relationship between education and health outcomes? A study of a low-income population with diabetes. Public Health Rep. 2006 May-Jun; 121(3):245-54. PMID: 16640146.
      Citations:    
    190. Schulz M, Liese AD, Fang F, Gilliard TS, Karter AJ. Is the association between dietary glycemic index and type 2 diabetes modified by waist circumference? Diabetes Care. 2006 May; 29(5):1102-4. PMID: 16644644.
      Citations:    
    191. Palmer AJ, Dinneen S, Gavin JR, Gray A, Herman WH, Karter AJ. Cost-utility analysis in a UK setting of self-monitoring of blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes. Curr Med Res Opin. 2006 May; 22(5):861-72. PMID: 16709308.
      Citations:    
    192. Rodondi N, Peng T, Karter AJ, Bauer DC, Vittinghoff E, Tang S, Pettitt D, Kerr EA, Selby JV. Therapy modifications in response to poorly controlled hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Apr 04; 144(7):475-84. PMID: 16585661.
      Citations:    
    193. Karter AJ. Role of self-monitoring of blood glucose in glycemic control. Endocr Pract. 2006 Jan-Feb; 12 Suppl 1:110-7. PMID: 16627393.
      Citations:    
    194. Hanley AJ, Karter AJ, Williams K, Festa A, D'Agostino RB, Wagenknecht LE, Haffner SM. Prediction of type 2 diabetes mellitus with alternative definitions of the metabolic syndrome: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Circulation. 2005 Dec 13; 112(24):3713-21. PMID: 16344402.
      Citations:    
    195. Brown AF, Gregg EW, Stevens MR, Karter AJ, Weinberger M, Safford MM, Gary TL, Caputo DA, Waitzfelder B, Kim C, Beckles GL. Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2005 Dec; 28(12):2864-70. PMID: 16306546.
      Citations:    
    196. Blonde L, Karter AJ. Current evidence regarding the value of self-monitored blood glucose testing. Am J Med. 2005 Sep; 118(Suppl 9A):20S-26S. PMID: 16224939.
      Citations:    
    197. Karter AJ, Ahmed AT, Liu J, Moffet HH, Parker MM. Pioglitazone initiation and subsequent hospitalization for congestive heart failure. Diabet Med. 2005 Aug; 22(8):986-93. PMID: 16026362.
      Citations:    
    198. Karter AJ, D'Agostino RB, Mayer-Davis EJ, Wagenknecht LE, Hanley AJ, Hamman RF, Bergman R, Saad MF, Haffner SM. Abdominal obesity predicts declining insulin sensitivity in non-obese normoglycaemics: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Obes Metab. 2005 May; 7(3):230-8. PMID: 15811139.
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    199. Karter AJ, Moffet HH, Liu J, Parker MM, Ahmed AT, Ferrara A, Selby JV. Achieving good glycemic control: initiation of new antihyperglycemic therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry. Am J Manag Care. 2005 Apr; 11(4):262-70. PMID: 15839186.
      Citations:    
    200. Browning SR, Briley JD, Briley LP, Chandra G, Charnecki JH, Ehm MG, Johansson KA, Jones BJ, Karter AJ, Yarnall DP, Wagner MJ. Case-control single-marker and haplotypic association analysis of pedigree data. Genet Epidemiol. 2005 Feb; 28(2):110-22. PMID: 15578751.
      Citations:    
    201. Ferrara A, Williamson DF, Karter AJ, Thompson TJ, Kim C. Sex differences in quality of health care related to ischemic heart disease prevention in patients with diabetes: the translating research into action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study, 2000-2001. Diabetes Care. 2004 Dec; 27(12):2974-6. PMID: 15562217.
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    202. D'Agostino RB, Hamman RF, Karter AJ, Mykkanen L, Wagenknecht LE, Haffner SM. Cardiovascular disease risk factors predict the development of type 2 diabetes: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. Diabetes Care. 2004 Sep; 27(9):2234-40. PMID: 15333490.
      Citations:    
    203. Festa A, D'Agostino R, Hanley AJ, Karter AJ, Saad MF, Haffner SM. Differences in insulin resistance in nondiabetic subjects with isolated impaired glucose tolerance or isolated impaired fasting glucose. Diabetes. 2004 Jun; 53(6):1549-55. PMID: 15161760.
      Citations:    
    204. Rosen AB, Karter AJ, Liu JY, Selby JV, Schneider EC. Use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers in high-risk clinical and ethnic groups with diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Jun; 19(6):669-75. PMID: 15209606.
      Citations:    
    205. Ahmed AT, Karter AJ. Tuberculosis in California dialysis patients. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Mar; 8(3):341-5. PMID: 15139473.
      Citations:    
    206. Karter AJ, Ahmed AT, Liu J, Moffet HH, Parker MM, Ferrara A, Selby JV. Use of thiazolidinediones and risk of heart failure in people with type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study: response to Delea et al. Diabetes Care. 2004 Mar; 27(3):850-1; author reply 852-3. PMID: 14988326.
      Citations:    
    207. Selby JV, Peng T, Karter AJ, Alexander M, Sidney S, Lian J, Arnold A, Pettitt D. High rates of co-occurrence of hypertension, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and diabetes mellitus in a large managed care population. Am J Manag Care. 2004 Feb; 10(2 Pt 2):163-70. PMID: 15005509.
      Citations:    
    208. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Ahmed AT, Ferrara A, Liu JY, Selby JV. Missed appointments and poor glycemic control: an opportunity to identify high-risk diabetic patients. Med Care. 2004 Feb; 42(2):110-5. PMID: 14734947.
      Citations:    
    209. Brown AF, Ettner SL, Piette J, Weinberger M, Gregg E, Shapiro MF, Karter AJ, Safford M, Waitzfelder B, Prata PA, Beckles GL. Socioeconomic position and health among persons with diabetes mellitus: a conceptual framework and review of the literature. Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:63-77. PMID: 15234948.
      Citations:    
    210. Haffner SM, D'Agostino R, Festa A, Bergman RN, Mykkänen L, Karter A, Saad MF, Wagenknecht LE. Low insulin sensitivity (S(i) = 0) in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects in the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study: is it associated with components of the metabolic syndrome and nontraditional risk factors? Diabetes Care. 2003 Oct; 26(10):2796-803. PMID: 14514582.
      Citations:    
    211. Brown AF, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Gregg E, Safford M, Waitzfelder B, Beckles GL, Brusuelas R, Mangione CM. Health behaviors and quality of care among Latinos with diabetes in managed care. Am J Public Health. 2003 Oct; 93(10):1694-8. PMID: 14534224.
      Citations:    
    212. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Herman WH, Ettner S, Marrero DG, Safford MM, Engelgau MM, Curb JD, Brown AF. Out-of-pocket costs and diabetes preventive services: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Aug; 26(8):2294-9. PMID: 12882851.
      Citations:    
    213. Feldman HI, Appel LJ, Chertow GM, Cifelli D, Cizman B, Daugirdas J, Fink JC, Franklin-Becker ED, Go AS, Hamm LL, He J, Hostetter T, Hsu CY, Jamerson K, Joffe M, Kusek JW, Landis JR, Lash JP, Miller ER, Mohler ER, Muntner P, Ojo AO, Rahman M, Townsend RR, Wright JT. The Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study: Design and Methods. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Jul; 14(7 Suppl 2):S148-53. PMID: 12819321.
      Citations:    
    214. Karter AJ, Thom DH, Liu J, Moffet HH, Ferrara A, Selby JV. Use of antibiotics is not associated with decreased risk of myocardial infarction among patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul; 26(7):2100-6. PMID: 12832320.
      Citations:    
    215. Karter AJ. Race and ethnicity: vital constructs for diabetes research. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul; 26(7):2189-93. PMID: 12832333.
      Citations:    
    216. Schwenke DC, D'Agostino RB, Goff DC, Karter AJ, Rewers MJ, Wagenknecht LE. Differences in LDL oxidizability by glycemic status: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. Diabetes Care. 2003 May; 26(5):1449-55. PMID: 12716803.
      Citations:    
    217. Wagenknecht LE, Zaccaro D, Espeland MA, Karter AJ, O'Leary DH, Haffner SM. Diabetes and progression of carotid atherosclerosis: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2003 Jun 01; 23(6):1035-41. PMID: 12702517.
      Citations:    
    218. Bonds DE, Zaccaro DJ, Karter AJ, Selby JV, Saad M, Goff DC. Ethnic and racial differences in diabetes care: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Apr; 26(4):1040-6. PMID: 12663570.
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    219. Mayer-Davis EJ, Kirkner GJ, Karter AJ, Zaccaro DJ. Metabolic predictors of 5-year change in weight and waist circumference in a triethnic population: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Apr 01; 157(7):592-601. PMID: 12672678.
      Citations:    
    220. Burchard EG, Ziv E, Coyle N, Gomez SL, Tang H, Karter AJ, Mountain JL, Pérez-Stable EJ, Sheppard D, Risch N. The importance of race and ethnic background in biomedical research and clinical practice. N Engl J Med. 2003 Mar 20; 348(12):1170-5. PMID: 12646676.
      Citations:    
    221. Karter AJ. Commentary: Race, genetics, and disease--in search of a middle ground. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Feb; 32(1):26-8. PMID: 12690000.
      Citations:    
    222. Ferrara A, Quesenberry CP, Karter AJ, Njoroge CW, Jacobson AS, Selby JV. Current use of unopposed estrogen and estrogen plus progestin and the risk of acute myocardial infarction among women with diabetes: the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Registry, 1995-1998. Circulation. 2003 Jan 07; 107(1):43-8. PMID: 12515741.
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    223. Hanley AJ, Karter AJ, Festa A, D'Agostino R, Wagenknecht LE, Savage P, Tracy RP, Saad MF, Haffner S. Factor analysis of metabolic syndrome using directly measured insulin sensitivity: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes. 2002 Aug; 51(8):2642-7. PMID: 12145182.
      Citations:    
    224. Cooper DE, Goff DC, Bell RA, Zaccaro D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Karter AJ. Is insulin sensitivity a causal intermediate in the relationship between alcohol consumption and carotid atherosclerosis?: the insulin resistance and atherosclerosis study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Aug; 25(8):1425-31. PMID: 12145245.
      Citations:    
    225. Karter AJ, Ferrara A, Liu JY, Moffet HH, Ackerson LM, Selby JV. Ethnic disparities in diabetic complications in an insured population. JAMA. 2002 May 15; 287(19):2519-27. PMID: 12020332.
      Citations:    
    226. The Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study: a multicenter study of diabetes in managed care. Diabetes Care. 2002 Feb; 25(2):386-9. PMID: 11815515.
      Citations:    
    227. Festa A, D'Agostino R, Williams K, Karter AJ, Mayer-Davis EJ, Tracy RP, Haffner SM. The relation of body fat mass and distribution to markers of chronic inflammation. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Oct; 25(10):1407-15. PMID: 11673759.
      Citations:    
    228. Selby JV, Karter AJ, Ackerson LM, Ferrara A, Liu J. Developing a prediction rule from automated clinical databases to identify high-risk patients in a large population with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2001 Sep; 24(9):1547-55. PMID: 11522697.
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    229. Ferrara A, Karter AJ, Ackerson LM, Liu JY, Selby JV. Hormone replacement therapy is associated with better glycemic control in women with type 2 diabetes: The Northern California Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Registry. Diabetes Care. 2001 Jul; 24(7):1144-50. PMID: 11423493.
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    230. Karter AJ, Ackerson LM, Darbinian JA, D'Agostino RB, Ferrara A, Liu J, Selby JV. Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and glycemic control: the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Diabetes registry. Am J Med. 2001 Jul; 111(1):1-9. PMID: 11448654.
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    231. Iribarren C, Karter AJ, Go AS, Ferrara A, Liu JY, Sidney S, Selby JV. Glycemic control and heart failure among adult patients with diabetes. Circulation. 2001 Jun 05; 103(22):2668-73. PMID: 11390335.
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    232. Mayer-Davis EJ, Levin S, Bergman RN, D'Agostino RB, Karter AJ, Saad MF. Insulin secretion, obesity, and potential behavioral influences: results from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2001 Mar-Apr; 17(2):137-45. PMID: 11307179.
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    233. Karter AJ, Ferrara A, Darbinian JA, Ackerson LM, Selby JV. Self-monitoring of blood glucose: language and financial barriers in a managed care population with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2000 Apr; 23(4):477-83. PMID: 10857938.
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    234. Karter AJ, Rowell SE, Ackerson LM, Mitchell BD, Ferrara A, Selby JV, Newman B. Excess maternal transmission of type 2 diabetes. The Northern California Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Registry. Diabetes Care. 1999 Jun; 22(6):938-43. PMID: 10372246.
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    235. Karter AJ, Gazzaniga JM, Cohen RD, Casper ML, Davis BD, Kaplan GA. Ischemic heart disease and stroke mortality in African-American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white men and women, 1985 to 1991. West J Med. 1998 Sep; 169(3):139-45. PMID: 9771151.
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    236. Mayer-Davis EJ, D'Agostino R, Karter AJ, Haffner SM, Rewers MJ, Saad M, Bergman RN. Intensity and amount of physical activity in relation to insulin sensitivity: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. JAMA. 1998 Mar 04; 279(9):669-74. PMID: 9496984.
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    237. Buccheri L, Katchen BR, Karter AJ, Cohen SR. Acitretin therapy is effective for psoriasis associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Dermatol. 1997 Jun; 133(6):711-5. PMID: 9197824.
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    238. Karter AJ, Casper ML, Cohen RD, Gazzaniga JM, Blanton CJ, Kaplan GA. Secular trends in ischemic heart disease mortality in California versus the United States, 1980 to 1991. West J Med. 1997 Mar; 166(3):185-8. PMID: 9143193.
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    239. Haffner SM, Howard G, Mayer E, Bergman RN, Savage PJ, Rewers M, Mykkänen L, Karter AJ, Hamman R, Saad MF. Insulin sensitivity and acute insulin response in African-Americans, non-Hispanic whites, and Hispanics with NIDDM: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes. 1997 Jan; 46(1):63-9. PMID: 8971083.
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    240. Mayer-Davis EJ, Monaco JH, Hoen HM, Carmichael S, Vitolins MZ, Rewers MJ, Haffner SM, Ayad MF, Bergman RN, Karter AJ. Dietary fat and insulin sensitivity in a triethnic population: the role of obesity. The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Jan; 65(1):79-87. PMID: 8988917.
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    241. Karter AJ, Mayer-Davis EJ, Selby JV, D'Agostino RB, Haffner SM, Sholinsky P, Bergman R, Saad MF, Hamman RF. Insulin sensitivity and abdominal obesity in African-American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white men and women. The Insulin Resistance and Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes. 1996 Nov; 45(11):1547-55. PMID: 8866560.
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    242. Folstad I, Arneberg P, Karter AJ. Antlers and parasites. Oecologia. 1996 Mar; 105(4):556-558. PMID: 28307150.
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    243. Arneberg P, Folstad I, Karter AJ. Gastrointestinal nematodes depress food intake in naturally infected reindeer. Parasitology. 1996 Feb; 112 ( Pt 2):213-9. PMID: 8851861.
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    244. Karter DL, Karter AJ, Yarrish R, Patterson C, Kass PH, Nord J, Kislak JW. Vitamin A deficiency in non-vitamin-supplemented patients with AIDS: a cross-sectional study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Feb 01; 8(2):199-203. PMID: 7834403.
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    245. Karter AJ, Folstad I, Anderson JR. Abiotic factors influencing embryonic development, egg hatching, and larval orientation in the reindeer warble fly, Hypoderma tarandi. Med Vet Entomol. 1992 Oct; 6(4):355-62. PMID: 1463901.
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    246. Toft CA, Karter AJ. Parasite-host coevolution. Trends Ecol Evol. 1990 Oct; 5(10):326-9. PMID: 21232384.
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